The Transformational Role of Entrepreneurial Universities in Fostering Tourism Sector of Kazakhstan: Legal Documentary Analysis

  • Aigerim BAYANBAYEVA University of Bristol, United Kingdom
  • Dauletkeldi MAKHMADINOV Suleimen Demirel University, Turkey
  • Nurmukhamed MYRZATAYEV Turan University, Kazakhstan
  • Gaukhar NIYETALINA Turan University, Kazakhstan
  • Gulmira NARBAYEVA International Center for Mediation, Kazakhstan
  • Saule SULEIMENOVA Turan University, Kazakhstan
  • Bakhyt ALTYNBASSOV University of Bristol, United Kingdom


This article examines the role of entrepreneurial universities in shaping Kazakhstan's tourism industry by fostering tourism innovation. It focuses on the ways in which these universities contribute to the development of the tourism sector in Kazakhstan, including curriculum enhancement, research projects, industry partnerships, and the promotion of entrepreneurial culture. By using documentary analysis as a research method, this study seeks to examine existing literature, reports, policy documents, and other relevant sources to gather insights on the contributions of entrepreneurial universities in the tourism sector. This article sheds light on the unique challenges and opportunities that Kazakhstan faces in the development of its tourism sector. It stresses the role of entrepreneurial universities in addressing these challenges to promote Kazakhstan as a compelling tourism destination. The findings of this study highlight the significance of entrepreneurial universities in promoting innovation, knowledge transfer, and entrepreneurship education within the tourism sector and provide valuable information for policymakers, the academic community and industry professionals in understanding the crucial role of entrepreneurial universities in advancing the tourism sector in Kazakhstan. It concludes that by promoting partnerships between universities, government, and industry stakeholders, Kazakhstan can create an ecosystem that encourages tourism innovation and sustainable development of the tourism sector. By leveraging the resources, knowledge, and networks of entrepreneurial universities, Kazakhstan can develop a dynamic tourism sector that draws tourists from across the world and promotes economic growth.



[1] Aidarova, A. et al. 2023. Improving the Environmentally Oriented Activities of Entrepreneurship. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 14, 1(65): 126-142.
[2] Ainakanova, B. et al. 2023. Kazakhstan Tourism Industry in Promoting Sustainable Agriculture Development. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 14(2): 552-562.
[3] Altynbassov, B., Abdukarimova, Z., Bayanbayeva, A., & Mukhamejanuly, S. 2020. Legal and organizational issues of the transformation of public universities into non-profit organizations in Kazakhstan. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 11(3). DOI:
[4] Altynbassov, B., et al. 2022. Academic Tourism as an Emerging Tourism Industry in Kazakhstan. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 13(6). DOI:
[5] Altynbassov, B., et al. 2021. The establishment of international university campuses as a key factor in the development of local tourism in the Turkestan region in Kazakhstan: Economic and legal aspects. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 12(6). DOI:
[6] Amandykova, S. K., et al. 2016. The role of science and education in the formation of national human capital: Kazakhstani experience. Indian Journal of Science and Technology, 9(27). DOI:
[7] Audretsch, D. B., & Belitski, M. 2021. Three-ring entrepreneurial university: in search of a new business model. Studies in Higher Education, 46(5): 977–987. DOI:
[8] Belias, D., Sawsan, M., Rossidis, I., & Christos, M. 2021. The use of big data in tourism: Current trends and directions for future research. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 10(5). DOI:
[9] Braun, V., & Clarke, V. 2006. Qualitative Research in Psychology Using thematic analysis in psychology Using thematic analysis in psychology. Qualitative Research in Psychology, 3(2): 77–101. Available at:
[10] Cai, Y., & Lattu, A. 2022. Triple Helix or Quadruple Helix: Which Model of Innovation to Choose for Empirical Studies? Minerva, 60(2): 257–280. DOI:
[11] Clark, B. R. 1998. Creating Entrepreneurial Universities: Organizational Pathways of Transformation. Issues in Higher Education, 12.
[12] Etzkowitz, H. 2008. The triple helix: University-industry-government innovation in action. In The Triple Helix: University-Industry-Government Innovation in Action. DOI:
[13] Etzkowitz, H., & Leydesdorff, L. 1995. The Triple Helix: University-industry-government relations: A laboratory for knowledge based economic development. EASST Review, 14(1).
[14] Guo, W., et al. 2022. Suitability Evaluation of Popular Science Tourism Sites in University Towns: Case Study of Guangzhou University Town. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(4). DOI:
[15] Hall, C. M., & Williams, A. M. 2019. Tourism and innovation. In Tourism and Innovation. DOI:
[16] Issabekov, B., Bayanbayeva, A., Altynbassov, B., Barlykov, Y. 2022. University-Business Cooperation as a Key Factor in Innovative Economic Development in Kazakhstan. Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Field, XIII(1(25)): 86–101 DOI: 10.14505/tpref.v13.1(25).07
[17] Kim, E. G., Chhabra, D., & Timothy, D. J. 2022. Towards a Creative MICE Tourism Destination Branding Model: Integrating Heritage Tourism in New Orleans, USA. Sustainability (Switzerland), 14(24). DOI:
[18] Köhler, T., Smith, A., & Bhakoo, V. 2022. Templates in Qualitative Research Methods: Origins, Limitations, and New Directions. Organizational Research Methods, 25(2). DOI:
[19] Mena-Navarro, A., Almeida-García, F., & Cortés-Macías, R. 2022. The role of the MICE sector in Singapore’s tourism policy. A historical perspective. Journal of Policy Research in Tourism, Leisure and Events. DOI:
[20] Mozumi, S., & Mozumi, S. 2022. Tax Expenditures and the Tax Reform Act of 1969 in the United States. Social Science History, 46(1). DOI:
[21] Novelli, M. 2023. Building tourism ecosystems for sector sustainability and resilience through peer-to-peer collaboration and open innovation. Current Issues in Tourism, 0(0), 1–5. DOI:
[22] Oktadiana, H., & Chon, K. 2017. Why do we teach what we teach? Perspectives from Asia’s hospitality and tourism program directors. Journal of Teaching in Travel and Tourism, 17(4). DOI:
[23] Pita, M., Costa, J., & Moreira, A. C. 2021. The effect of university missions on entrepreneurial initiative across multiple entrepreneurial ecosystems: Evidence from Europe. Education Sciences, 11(12). DOI:
[24] Pugh, R., et al. 2022. Nuancing the roles of entrepreneurial universities in regional economic development. Studies in Higher Education, 47(5): 964–972. DOI:
[25] Rinaldi, C., Cavicchi, A., & Robinson, R. N. S. 2022. University contributions to co-creating sustainable tourism destinations. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 30(9). DOI:
[26] Rojas Bueno, A., Alarcón Urbistondo, P., & del Alcázar Martínez, B. 2020. The MICE tourism value chain: Proposal of a conceptual framework and analysis of disintermediation. Journal of Convention and Event Tourism, 21(3). DOI:
[27] Ruiz, S. M. de A., Martens, C. D. P., & da Costa, P. R. 2020. Entrepreneurial university: an exploratory model for higher education. Journal of Management Development, 39(5). DOI:
[28] Sagintayeva, A K., et al. 2018. Korporativnoye upravleniye: vuzy Kazakhstana. Nauchnaya monografiya / - Astana: Vysshaya shkola obrazovaniya Nazarbayev Universiteta, 216 s. (in Russian)
[29] Sam, C., & van der Sijde, P. 2014. Understanding the concept of the entrepreneurial university from the perspective of higher education models. Higher Education, 68(6). DOI:
[30] Schulte, P. 2004. The entrepreneurial university: a strategy for institutional development. Higher Education in Europe, 29(2). DOI:
[31] Soroker, S., Berger, R., Levy, S., & Nebenzahl, I. D. 2023. Understanding consumer sophistication and the moderating role of culture in the tourism context. International Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Administration, 24(1). DOI:
[32] Tijssen, R., Klippe, W. Van De, & Yegros, A. 2019. Globalisation, localisation and glocalisation of university-business research cooperation : general patterns and trends in the UK university system. Centre for Global Higher Education, 50.
[33] Tomasi, S., Paviotti, G., & Cavicchi, A. 2020. Educational tourism and local development: The role of universities. In Sustainability (Switzerland) (Vol. 12, Issue 17). DOI:
[34] Vaduva, S., Echevarria-Cruz, S., & Takacs, J. 2020. The economic and social impact of a university education upon the development of the Romanian tourism industry. Journal of Hospitality, Leisure, Sport and Tourism Education, 27. DOI:
[35] Walters, G., & Ruhanen, L. 2019. A market positioning approach to university–industry collaboration in tourism. Tourism Recreation Research, 44(1). DOI:
[36] Xiajie, P. 2021. Teaching innovation and practice of tourism planning education. International Journal of Electrical Engineering and Education. DOI:
[37] Zhang, H. 2017. Three-dimensional Practical Teaching of Tourism Management Specialty in Local Colleges Based on Idea of Cooperative Innovation. DEStech Transactions on Social Science, Education and Human Science, icsste. DOI:
How to Cite
BAYANBAYEVA, Aigerim et al. The Transformational Role of Entrepreneurial Universities in Fostering Tourism Sector of Kazakhstan: Legal Documentary Analysis. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 4, p. 2046 - 2055, june 2023. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 june 2024. doi: