Community Empowerment in Tourism Village Areas: Efforts to Maintain the Sustainability of Tourism Activities

Abstract

The research aims to provide input for the sustainability of tourism activities in the village through community empowerment programs. The research was performed at the Belangian village, South Kalimantan Indonesia with samples consisted of 127 people. The analysis in this research is a PCA factor analysis. The result shows that the first factor influencing community empowerment is physical capital and social capital, with correlation values of 0.892 and 0.749, respectively. The second factor is human capital and empowerment capabilities, with correlation values of 0.699 and 0.748. Communities are enthusiastic about implementing various empowerment programs, so tourism activities in this area can be sustainable.

References

[1] Achmad, W., Chuang, H. M., Gunawan, U. P., Nadila, D., and Maulana, I. 2023. Community Empowerment through the Development of the Cisaat Tourism Village, Subang Regency. Ilomata International Journal of Social Science, 4(1): 30–39.
[2] Adnyana, I. W. E., Budarma, I. K., and Murni, N. G. N. S. 2022. Developing Kampoeng Kepiting Ecotourism Tuban using 4A Components. International Journal of Glocal Tourism, 3(1): 20–27.
[3] Aling, F. A. N., and Semadi, G. N. Y. 2023. Planning Of 4A-Based Tourism Packages in Buahan Village, Payangan, Gianyar. International Journal of Economics, Management and Accounting (IJEMA), 1(1):27–34.
[4] Amiruddin, S., Normelani, E., and Budhi, S. 2022. The Central Government’s Role in Cultural Sustainability and Developing Tourism to Support Rural Economies. Journal of Ethnic and Cultural Studies, 9(2): 151–170.
[5] Antara, M., and Sumarniasih, M. S. 2017. Role of tourism in economy of Bali and Indonesia. Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Management, 5(2): 34–44.
[6] Arida, N. S., Suryasih, I. A., and Parthama, I. G. N. 2019. Model of community empowerment in tourism village development planning in Bali. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 313(1): 012024.
[7] Arisanty, D., Putro, H. P. N., Normelani, E., and Anis, M. Z. A. 2019. The role of local government for local product processing: the implication for tourism sustainability in Lok Baintan Floating Market. Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies, 7(1): 7–12.
[8] Arismayanti, N. K., et al. 2019. Tourism villages’ development in Bali, mass or alternative tourism. Journal of Tourism and Hospitality Management, 7(2): 117–139.
[9] Atmojo, M. E., and Fridayani, H. D. 2021. An assessment of covid-19 pandemic impact on Indonesian tourism sector. Journal of Governance and Public Policy, 8(1): 1–9.
[10] Basalamah, M. R., and Mawardi, M. C. 2022. The Development of the Tourism Sector in Improving the Regional Economic Growth of Mojokerto Regency. Golden Ratio of Marketing and Applied Psychology of Business, 2(2): 92–107.
[11] Dai, M., Fan, D. X. F., Wang, R., Ou, Y., and Ma, X. 2021. Residents’ social capital in rural tourism development: Guanxi in housing demolition. Journal of Destination Marketing and Management, 22, 100663.
[12] Despica, R., and Zuriyani, E. 2022. Tourism Awareness and Sapta Pesona Training for the Community of the Purus Beach Tourism Area, Padang City. Asian Journal of Community Services, 1(6): 305–314.
[13] Dwyer, L. 2022. Foreign direct investment in tourism: host destination opportunities and challenges. Tourism and Foreign Direct Investment, 11–30.
[14] Eky, S. S. F. S., Meko, P. M., and Manobe, J. 2022. Role of Isu Fainman Tourism Awareness Group (Pokdarwis) Institution in Supporting Estate Tourism in Fatumnasi Tourism Village East Nusa Tenggara. International Conference on Applied Science and Technology on Social Science 2022 (ICAST-SS 2022), 753–757.
[15] Gani, L. A., Bagiastra, I. K., and Susanty, S. 2023. The Role of Pokdarwis in Developing Tourism at Impos Beach, Medana Village, Tanjung Subdistrict, North Lombok Regency. Advances in Tourism Studies, 1(2): 43–47.
[16] Gao, J., and Wu, B. 2017. Revitalizing traditional villages through rural tourism: A case study of Yuanjia Village, Shaanxi Province, China. Tourism Management, 63: 223–233.
[17] García-Villaverde, P. M., Ruiz-Ortega, M. J., Hurtado-Palomino, A., De La Gala-Velásquez, B., and Zirena-Bejarano, P. P. 2021. Social capital and innovativeness in firms in cultural tourism destinations: Divergent contingent factors. Journal of Destination Marketing and Management, 19, 100529.
[18] Ghobadi, G. J., and Verdian, M. S. 2016. The environmental effects of tourism development in Noushahr. Open Journal of Ecology, 6(9): 529–536.
[19] Gutierrez, E. L. M. 2023. Re-examining the participation and empowerment nexus: Applications to community-based tourism. World Development Perspectives, 31, 100518.
[20] Habib, M. A. F. 2021. Kajian Teoritis Pemberdayaan Masyarakat dan Ekonomi Kreatif. Ar Rehla: Journal of Islamic Tourism, Halal Food, Islamic Traveling, and Creative Economy, 1(2): 106–134. (in Indonesian)
[21] Hajar, S. 2019. Governance Tourism Village Based on Local Wisdom: In Islamic Perspective. Journal of Islamic, Social, Economics and Development (JISED), 4(24): 38–43.
[22] Hakim, M., Hakim, A., Hakim, L., and Harahab, N. 2018. Coastal tourism management model toward developing independent tourist village in Central Lombok District, Indonesia. Resources, 7(4), 69.
[23] Haldorai, K., Kim, W. G., and Garcia, R. L. F. 2022. Top management green commitment and green intellectual capital as enablers of hotel environmental performance: The mediating role of green human resource management. Tourism Management, 88, 104431.
[24] Hermawan, Y., and Suryono, Y. 2023. Learning From Goa Pindul: Community Empowerment through Sustainable Tourism Villages in Indonesia. The Qualitative Report, 28(5): 1365–1383.
[25] Hermawati, A., Anam, C., and Suhermin, S. 2020. Determining strategy to improve human resources performance by identifying tourism condition SMEs. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 9(6): 228–238.
[26] Hidayatullah, S., Rachmawati, I. K., Khouroh, U., and Windhyastiti, I. 2018. Development of tourist village model through “Pokdarwis” empowerment and information technology utilization. European Journal of Business and Management, 10(23): 22–28.
[27] Hikmawati, N. K. 2022. Community Empowerment Efforts. Journal Intellectual Sufism Research (JISR), 4(2), 96–103.
[28] Irfan, M., and Suryani, A. 2017. Local wisdom based tourist village organization in Lombok tourist area. International Journal of English Literature and Social Sciences, 2(5), 239220.
[29] Joo, J., Choi, J.-J., and Kim, N. 2019. Examining roles of tour dure producers for social capital and innovativeness in community-based tourism. Sustainability, 11(19), 5337.
[30] Juliana, J., Parani, R., Sitorus, N. I. B., Pramono, R., and Maleachi, S. 2021. Study of community based tourism in the district West Java. Nternational Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning.
[31] Kherif, F., and Latypova, A. 2020. Principal component analysis. In Machine Learning (pp. 209–225). Elsevier.
[32] Kontogeorgopoulos, N., Churyen, A., and Duangsaeng, V. 2015. Homestay tourism and the commercialization of the rural home in Thailand. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 20(1): 29–50.
[33] Liu, A., and Wu, D. C. 2019. Tourism productivity and economic growth. Annals of Tourism Research, 76: 253–265.
[34] Lubis, H., Rohmatillah, N., and Rahmatina, D. 2020. Strategy of tourism village development based on local wisdom. Jurnal Ilmu Sosial Dan Humaniora, 9(2): 320–329.
[35] Moch, W., Faidal, F., Nurul, I., and Herry, Y. (2021). Revitalization Of Tourism Awareness Groups (Pokdarwis) Based On Digital Communication Technology To Develop Tourism Villages In Madura. International Journal of Economics, Business and Accounting Research (IJEBAR), 5(3), 2816–2826.
[36] Muhaimin, M., and Abbas, E. W. 2022. Effort Management Tourism Objective Through The Existence of Social Groups in The Community. Indonesian Journal of Business and Entrepreneurship (IJBE), 8(3): 407.
[37] Musavengane, R., and Kloppers, R. 2020. Social capital: An investment towards community resilience in the collaborative natural resources management of community-based tourism schemes. Tourism Management Perspectives, 34, 100654.
[38] Narawati, T., Karwati, U., and Sukmayadi, Y. 2021. Songah in the Cultural Tourism Industry. 3rd International Conference on Arts and Design Education (ICADE 2020), 135–138.
[39] Normelani, E., Riadi, S., Efendi, M., Kurniawan, R. A., and Hakimah, R. N. 2022. Designing Educational Attractions Based on Local Wisdom. Social Studies Conference Proceedings, 236–251.
[40] Normelani, E., et al. 2023. Pelatihan Peningkatan Kapasitas Kelompok Sadar Wisata Desa Belangian. Jurnal Pengabdian ILUNG (Inovasi Lahan Basah Unggul), 2(3): 576–581.
[41] Nugroho, I., Negara, P. D., and Yuniar, H. R. 2018. The planning and the development of the ecotourism and tourism village in Indonesia: a policy review. Journal of Socioeconomics and Development, 1(1): 43–51.
[42] Parantika, A., Wibowo, F. X. S., and Wiweka, K. 2020. The Development of Thematic Tourist Village of Mulyaharja Bogor Based on Community Empowerment Approach. TRJ Tourism Research Journal, 4(2): 113–132.
[43] Parlindungan, H. H., and Manurung, H. 2023. Indonesia Effort to Attracting Investment In Tourist Destination Development. Jurnal Industri Pariwisata, 5(2): 177–188.
[44] Rafandi, M. A., and Susanty, S. 2023. Analisis Pemberdayaan Masyarakat di Desa Wisata Karang Bajo. Journal Of Responsible Tourism, 3(1): 127–140.
[45] Richards, G. 2020. Designing creative places: The role of creative tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 85, 102922.
[46] Rosyadi, S., Sabiq, A., Ahmad, A. A., and Nuryanti. 2022. The Indonesian government capacity in responding to the COVID-19 impacts on the creative economy sector. Sage Open, 12(2), 21582440221105820.
[47] Rubin, C. L., Martinez, L. S., Tse, L., Brugge, D., Hacker, K., Pirie, A., and Leslie, L. K. (2016). Creating a culture of empowerment in research: Findings from a capacity-building training program. Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action, 10(3), 479.
[48] Sarjiyanto, S., Sarwoto, S., and Darma, T. S. 2022. The Sustainability of Community Empowerment as Development Strategies: The Experience of Indonesia. International Journal of Multicultural and Multireligious Understanding, 9(3): 207–218.
[49] Sasongko, G., Trianggono, B., and Wiloso, P. G. 2019. Development of Community-Based Tourism in Pinusan Kragilan, Pogalan Village, Magelang Regency, Central Java, Indonesia. Journal of Indonesian Tourism and Development Studies, 7(3): 156–165.
[50] Setyaningrum, L. Z., Rahmanto, A., and Suparno, B. A. 2022. Pokdarwis as the spearhead of nepal van java tourism development: A community empowerment case in magelang regency. The International Journal of Social Sciences World (TIJOSSW), 4(2): 36–44.
[51] Singgalen, Y. A., Sasongko, G., and Wiloso, P. G. 2019. Ritual capital for rural livelihood and sustainable tourism development in Indonesia. Jurnal Manajemen Hutan Tropika, 25(2): 115.
[52] Su, Z., Aaron, J. R., Guan, Y., and Wang, H. 2019. Sustainable livelihood capital and strategy in rural tourism households: A seasonality perspective. Sustainability, 11(18), 4833.
[53] Sulaiman, A. I., Chusmeru, C., and Kuncoro, B. 2019. The educational tourism (edutourism) development through community empowerment based on local wisdom and food security. International Educational Research, 2(3), p1–p1.
[54] Sundari, S. 2022. Optimizing the Role of MSMEs in an Efforts to Revive the National Economic during the Pandemic of Covid-19. Dinasti International Journal of Economics, Finance and Accounting, 3(5): 495–503.
[55] Sutawa, G. K. 2012. Issues on Bali tourism development and community empowerment to support sustainable tourism development. Procedia Economics and Finance, 4: 413–422.
[56] Utami, M. M., Taufik, H. E. R., and Bhakti, W. N. 2019. Village Tourism: The Implementation of Community-Based Tourism. 2019 International Conference on Organizational Innovation (ICOI 2019), 537–542.
[57] Wahyuni, R. B., Sumirat, W., and Handayaningrum, N. 2023. Interpersonal Communication of Tourism Awareness Group in Increasing the Quality of Tourism Village Products: A study from Petarangan Village, Temanggung. Jurnal Kepariwisataan: Destinasi, Hospitalitas Dan Perjalanan, 7(1): 108–120.
[58] Wardani, P. A., Rahmanita, M., Farhan, M., and Pramudita, R. F. 2023. Community Participation in Tourism Destination Development: Lesson from Kelor Tourism Village. Journal of Language, Communication, and Tourism, 1(2): 1–9.
[59] Yahya, R. M., Hanafiah, K. M., Abdullah, N. I., and Ibrahim, Z. 2018. The Disappointed of Economic Assistance in Aceh: Study Disempowerment of the Former Free Aceh Movement’s Widow. SHS Web of Conferences, 54, 08008.
[60] Zhang, Y., Xiong, Y., Lee, T. J., Ye, M., and Nunkoo, R. 2021. Sociocultural sustainability and the formation of social capital from community-based tourism. Journal of Travel Research, 60(3): 656–669.
Published
2023-12-29
How to Cite
NORMELANI, Ellyn et al. Community Empowerment in Tourism Village Areas: Efforts to Maintain the Sustainability of Tourism Activities. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 8, p. 3101 - 3111, dec. 2023. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/8275>. Date accessed: 25 feb. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.v14.8(72).11.