Study the Nexus between Indicators of Surface Water Quality on the Small River for Better Basin Management


Purpose is determination of interdependencies between hydrochemical indicators of surface water quality in the example of a small river as a limiting factor of formation of aquatic ecosystem of territories. Correlation analyses of the studied indicators of water quality was conducted on an average value of each indicator (pH, phosphates, nitrates, BOD, COD, soluble oxygen). Found a significant increase in phosphates with time, with a coefficient of correlation R=0.71, indicating contamination of the water facility. This can be explained by the arrival of various surface-active substances and, to a lesser extent, the lack of quality sewage treatment facilities. Positive changes are founded in water object that is related to a decrease in the value of BOD. This is due to a decrease in the use of oxygen on oxidation of inorganic and organic substances. In general, the use of river runoff of the river above normal, and the overall environmental state of river basin is defined as "extremely poor".



[1] Alifujiang, Y., J., Abuduwaili and Yo., Ge 2021. Trend Analysis of Annual and Seasonal River Runoff by Using Innovative Trend Analysis with Significant Test. Water 13(1): 95. DOI:
[2] Arndt, J., J.S., Kirchner, K.S., Jewell, M.P., Schluesener, A., Wick, T. A., Ternes, and L., Duester 2022. Making Waves: Time for Chemical Surface Water Quality Monitoring to Catch up with Its Technical Potential. Water Research, 213 (15). DOI:
[3] Bezsonov, Ye., O., Mitryasova, V., Smyrnov, and S., Smyrnova 2017. Influence of the South-Ukraine electric power producing complex on the ecological condition of the Southern Bug River. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 4/10 (88): 20–28. DOI:
[4] Buda, A. and A., Jarynowski 2010. Life-time of Correlations and its Applications. Wydawnictwo Niezalezne 1: 5–20.
[5] Charis, M. and E.A., Galanakis 2010. Sustainable Water and Wastewater Processing. Elsevier: Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 393 p.
[6] Grebin, V. and V., Khilchevsky 2016. Retrospective Analysis of Research of the River Network of Ukraine and Application of the Typology of Rivers of the EU Water Framework Directive at the Present Stage. Hydrology, Hydrochemistry and Hydroecology, 2, 32-47 (Hrebin, V.; Khilchevskyi, V. 2016. Retrospektyvnyi analiz doslidzhen richkovoi merezhi Ukrainy ta zastosuvannia typolohii richok Vodnoi ramkovoi dyrektyvy EU na suchasnomu etapi, Hidrolohiia, Hidrokhimiia i Hidroekolohiia, 2, 32-47) (in Ukrainian)
[7] Ishchenko, V., V., Pohrebennyk, R., Kochan, О., Mitryasova, and S., Zawislak 2019. Assessment of Hazardous Household Waste Generation in Eastern Europe. International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2019, Albena, Bulgaria. 30 June – 6 July 2019, 6.1, 19, 559−566.
[8] Kapelewska, J., U., Kotowska, J., Karpińska, A., Astel, J., Suchta and K., Algrzym 2019. Water Pollution Indicators and Chemometric Expertise for the Assessment of the Impact of Municipal Solid Waste Landfills on Groundwater Located in Their Area. Chemical Engineering Journal 359: 790-800. DOI:
[9] Kupalova, G.I. 2008. Theory of Economic Analysis, tutorial, Ukraine, K.: Znannya, 639 p. (Kupalova, G.I. 2008. Theoriia Economichnogo Analysu, posibnyk, Ukraina, K.: Znannya, 639 s.) (in Ukrainian)
[10] Mazlum, N., A., Ozer and S., Mazlum 1999. Interpretation of Water Quality by Principal Components Analysis. Tropical Journal of Engineering and Environmental Science 23: 19–26. Available at:
[11] McBean, E., M., Bhatti, A., Singh, L., Mattern, L., Murison, and P., Delaney 2022. Temperature Modeling, a Key to Assessing Impact on Rivers Due to Urbanization and Climate Change. Water 4(13): 1994. DOI:
[12] Meyer, A.M., C., Klein, E., Fünfrocken, R., Kautenburger and H.P., Beck 2019. Real-time Monitoring of Water Quality to Identify Pollution Pathways in Small and Middle Scale Rivers. Science of the Total Environment 651: 2323-2333. https://doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.069
[13] Millennium Development Goals. 2015. Available at:
[14] Mitryasova, O., M., Cieśla, A., Nosyk, and A., Mats 2021a. Hydrochemical Indicators Dynamic in Surface Water. Journal of Ecological Engineering 22(8): 111–122. DOI:
[15] Mitryasova, O., P., Koszelnik, R., Gruca-Rokosz, V., Smyrnov, S., Smyrnova, Ye., Bezsonov, M., Zdeb, and S., Ziembowicz 2020. Features of Heavy Metals Accumulation in Bottom Sediments of the Southern Bug Hydroecosystem. Journal of Ecological Engineering 21 (3): 51–60. DOI:
[16] Mitryasova, O., P., Koszelnik, R., Gruca-Rokosz, V., Smyrnov, S., Smyrnova, M.,Kida, S., Ziembowicz, Ye., Bezsonov and A., Mats, 2021b. Environmental and Geochemical Parameters of Bottom-Sediment from the Southern Bug Estuary. Journal of Ecological Engineering 22(2): 244–255. DOI:
[17] Mitryasova, O. and V., Pohrebennyk 2017. The Status of the Small River as an Indicator of the Water Security of Natural Surface Water. Conference Proceedings «17th International Multidisciplinary Scientific GeoConference SGEM 2017», Vienna, Austria, 27 November – 29 November 2017, ISSUE 33, Vol. 17. Hydrology and Water Resources. 391– 398. Available at:
[18] Mitryasova, O. and V., Pohrebennyk, 2020a. Hydrochemical Indicators of Water System Analysis as Factors of the Environmental Quality State. Sustainable Production: Novel Trends in Energy, Environment and Material Systems. Studies in Systems, Decision and Control In: Królczyk G., Wzorek M., Król A., Kochan O., Su J., Kacprzyk J. (eds), Vol. 198. Springer, Cham., 91−104.
[19] Mitryasova, O., V., Pohrebennyk, I., Salamon, A., Oleksiuk, and A., Mats 2021. Temporal Patterns of Quality Surface Water Changes. Journal of Ecological Engineering 22(4): 283–295. DOI:
[20] Obolewski, K., K., Glińska-Lewczuk, M., Szymańska, A., Astel, S., Lew, and E., Paturej 2018. Patterns of Salinity Regime in Coastal Lakes Based on Structure of Benthic Invertebrates. PLOS ONE 13(11). DOI:
[21] Petrov, O., S., Petrichenko, A., Yushchishina, O., Mitryasova and V., Pohrebennyk 2020. Electrospark Method in Galvanic Wastewater Treatment for Heavy Metal Removal. Applied Sciences, Special Issue «Determination and Extraction of Heavy Metals from Wastewater and Other Complex Matrices» 10(15): 5148. DOI:
[22] Pohrebennyk, V., M., Cygnar, O., Mitryasova, R., Politylo, and A., Shybanova 2016. Efficiency of Sewage Treatment of Company «Enzyme». 16th International Multidisciplinary Scientific Geoconference SGEM 2016, Albena, Bulgaria, 30 June – 6 July 2016, Book 5, Ecology, Economics, Education and Legislation, Volume II, Ecology and Environmental Protection, 295–302. Available at:
[23] Pohrebennyk, V., P., Koshelnik, O., Mitryasova, E., Dzhumelia and M., Zdeb 2019. Environmental Monitoring of Soils of Post-Industrial Mining Areas. Journal of Ecological Engineering 20(9): 53–61. DOI:
[24] Schickele, A., B., Leroy, G., Beaugrand, P., Francour, and V., Raybaud, 2020. Modelling European Small Pelagic Fish Distribution: Methodological insights. Ecological Modeling 416. DOI:
[25] Snizhko, S. 2004. Theory and methods of analysis of regional hydrochemical systems, K.: Nika-Center, 394 p. (Teoriia i metody analizu rehionalnykh hidrokhimichnykh system, K.: Nika-Tsentr, 394 s.) (in Ukrainian)
[26] Southen Buh River Basin Management in Mykolaiv Region. Available at:
[27] Staddon, C. 2016. Managing Europe’s Water Resoirces: Twenty-first Century Challenges, UK, University of the West of England, 279 p.
[28] Tanriverdi, Ç., Alp A., Demirkiran, A.R. and Üçkardeş, F. 2010. Assessment of Surface Water Quality of the Ceyhan River basin, Turkey. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 167(1–4): 175–184. DOI:https://doi:10.1007/s10661-009-1040-4
[29] Tha, Th., Piman, Th., Bhatpuria, D. and Ruangrassamee, P. 2022. Assessment of Riverbank Erosion Hotspots along the Mekong River in Cambodia Using Remote Sensing and Hazard Exposure Mapping. Water 14(13): 1981. DOI:
[30] Thuy, P.T.T., Viet, N.V., Phuong, N.K.L. and Lee, C.H. 2021. Water Quality Assessment Using Water Quality Index: a Case of the Ray River, Vietnam. TNU Journal of Science and Technology, 226(06): 38–47. DOI: https://doi:10.1007/s10661-009-1040-4
[31] Vasenko, O., Rybalova, O. and Korobkova, G. 2016. Determination of Ecological Standards of Surface Water Quality Taking into Account Forecast Models and Regional Features. East European Scientific Journal, 8 (12), 3: 5-13. (Vasenko, O.; Rybalova, O.; Korobkova, H. 2016. Vyznachennia Ekolohichnykh Normatyviv Yakosti Poverkhnevykh Vod z Urakhuvanniam Prohnoznykh Modelei ta Rehionalnykh Osoblyvostei. East Europian Scientific Journal, 8 (12), 3, 5-13.) (in Ukrainian)
[32] 7th Environment Action Programme. 2013. Access mode:
[33] Directive 2000/60/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, 2000. Available at:
[34] Directive 2010/75/EU of the European Parliament and of the Council of 24 November 2010 on industrial emissions (integrated pollution prevention and control). 2010. Available at:
How to Cite
MITRYASOVA, Olena et al. Study the Nexus between Indicators of Surface Water Quality on the Small River for Better Basin Management. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 5, p. 2187 - 2195, sep. 2023. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 01 oct. 2023. doi: