The Dynamics of Religious Tourism. Case Study: Romania
In recent years, world tourism has diversified its forms of manifestation on an international level, trying to capitalize on the most valuable cultural and religious objectives of a country's cultural and religious heritage.
I chose such a theme because we are witnessing a revival of this form of tourism. It is thousands and thousands of years old, and now it is gaining momentum with the help of another vision of religious and pilgrimage tourism. Its new dimensions make it an attractive field for tourism agencies, national and local authorities, tour operators, transport companies, universities, public administrations, those dealing with general and specific infrastructure, as well as others.
In Romania, with the collapse of the communist system, the presence of religious topics in the media discourse increased significantly. Particular attention is paid to the phenomenon of pilgrimage, and often this information ends up being the most important news of the day, on many communication channels. Pilgrimages are considered to be important religious events, heavily mediatized and very popular among the faithful, but very little researched. The present work aims to look towards these unexplored areas and study the phenomenon of pilgrimage, to analyze the economic dynamics of the religious phenomenon. Some of these fields are intensively researched abroad, where there is a significant specialized literature, while in Romania, these fields are less investigated.
There are many studies in the field, at the international level, but at the national level, the phenomenon is less debated. This is the reason why the proposed case study and the examples used in the paper investigate the Romanian religious realities.
In this article we aim to create both an image of religious tourism today and its dynamics in the near future (the evolution of the number of tourists and the economic side of this phenomenon).
 Bona K., Seongseop (Sam) K. and King, B. 2020. Religious tourism studies: evolution, progress, and future prospects. Tourism Recreation Research, 45(2):1 85-203. DOI: 10.1080/02508281.2019.1664084
 Butler, R., and Suntikul, W. 2019. Tourism and Religion: Origins, Interactions and Issues, 2019 Channel View Publications Ltd, Bristol/Blue Ridge Summit. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21832/9781845416461-005
 Capets, R. 2018. The impact of pilgrimage upon the faith and faith-based practice of Catholic educators (Doctor of Philosophy (College of Education)). University of Notre Dame Australia. Available at: https://researchonline.nd.edu.au/theses/219
 Chhorn, T. 2018 Tourism Demand and Exogenous Exchange Rate in Cambodia: A Stochastic Seasonal Arimax Approach. Theoretical and Practical Research in the Economic Fields, 1(17): 5-16. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14505/tpref.v9.1(17).01
 Collins-Kreiner, N., and Kliot, N. 2000. Pilgrimage tourism in the Holy Land: The behavioural characteristics of Christian pilgrims. GeoJournal, 50(1): 55–67. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/41147449
 Collins-Kreiner, N. 2020. Pilgrimage tourism-past, present and future rejuvenation: a perspective article. Tourism Review, 75 (1): 145-148. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/TR-04-2019-0130
 Dallen J. T. 2020. Cultural Heritage and Tourism, Channel View Publications 2020, DOI:https://doi.org/10.21832/9781845417727-022
 Dejan Iliev. 2020. The evolution of religious tourism: Concept, segmentation and development of new identities. Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management, 45: 131-140, DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhtm.2020.07.012.
 Durán-Sánchez, A., Álvarez-García, J., de la Cruz del Río-Rama, M. and Oliveira, C. 2018. Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage: Bibliometric Overview. Religions. DOI: 10.3390/rel9090249
 Fakhrutdinova, L.R. et al. 2017, Religious tourism in the tourism system, Revista San Gregorio, No.20, Special Edition. December (96-103). Available at: https://dialnet.unirioja.es/descarga/articulo/6236954.pdf
 Giusca, M.C., Gheorghilas, A., and Dumitrache, L. 2018. Assessment of the religious-tourism potential in Romania. Journal of Studies and Research in Human Geography, Volume 12, Issue 2. Available at: http://humangeographies.org.ro/articles/122/a_122_6_giusca.pdf
 Griffin, Kevin and Raj, Razaq 2017. The Importance of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage: reflecting on definitions, motives and data. International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, 5(3). Article 2. DOI:https://doi.org/10.21427/D7242Z
 Haraldsson, HV, and Ólafsdóttir, R. 2018. Evolution of Tourism in Natural Destinations and Dynamic Sustainable Thresholds over Time. Sustainability, 10(12): 4788. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su10124788
 Hitti, P. 2008. Istoria arabilor, Traducere și note: Irina Vainovski-Mihai Editura ALL, București
 Huang, K., and Pearce, P. 2019. Visitors' perceptions of religious tourism destinations. Journal of Destination Marketing & Management, Volume 14. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdmm.2019.100371.
 Hvizdová, E. 2018. Religious Tourism and Its Socio-Economic Dimensions. European Journal of Science and Theology, 14(2): 89-98. Available at: http://www.ejst.tuiasi.ro/Files/69/9_Hvizdova.pdf
 Jackson, E. A., and Tamuke, E. 2019. Predicting Disaggregated Tourist Arrivals in Sierra Leone Using Arima Model. Theoretical and Practical Research in the Economic Fields, 2: 132-142. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14505/tpref.v10.2(20).06
 Jawabreh, O.A. A. et al. 2022. The Importance of Religious Tourism for Development of Sustainable Tourism: The Case of the Baptism Site in Jordan. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 4(60): 909-924 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.v13.4(60).01
 Karasakaloğlu Burcu 2020. Bibliometric Analysis of Religious Tourism Studies. Turkish tourism research magazine. Available at: https://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=889601
 Knox, D., et al. 2014. Is Tourist a Secular Pilgrim or a Hedonist in Search of Pleasure? Tourism Recreation Research, 39(2): 235-267. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/02508281.2014.11081769
 Mahanty K. Tushar 2022. Religious tourism turns economic multiplier across globe. Business Economics. Available at: https://businesseconomics.in/religious-tourism-turns-economic-multiplier-across-globe
 Morinis, A. 1992. Sacred Journey. The Anthropology of Pilgrimage, Greenwood Press, Westport, pp.10-14;
 Rinschede, G. 1992. Forms of religious tourism. Annals of Tourism Research, 19(1). DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/0160-7383(92)90106-Y
 Romanelli, M., Gazzola, P., Grechi, D., Pollice, F. 2021. Towards a sustainability-oriented religious tourism. Research paper, Wiley Online Library DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/sres.2791
 Roszak, P. 2022. Contemporary Trends in the Theological Understanding of Christian Pilgrimage. International Journal of Religious Tourism and Pilgrimage, 10(3). Article 9. DOI:https://doi.org/10.21427/fa9w-9e96
 Suban S.A. 2022. Bibliometric analysis on wellness tourism – citation and co-citation analysis. International Hospitality Review. Available at: https://www.emerald.com/insight/content/doi/10.1108/IHR-11-2021-0072/full/pdf
 Vana, M.V. 2021. Religious and pilgrimage tourism in Maramureș. Thesis. Available at: https://teze.doctorat.ubbcluj.ro/doctorat/teza/fisier/6561 (in Romanian)
 Center for the Study of Global Christianity. https://www.gordonconwell.edu/center-for-global-christianity/
 Pew Research Center. https://www.pewresearch.org/religion/2017/04/05/the-changing-global-religious-landscape/
 UNWTO – World Tourism Organization. https://www.unwto.org/tourism-statistics/key-tourism-statistics
The Copyright Transfer Form to ASERS Publishing (The Publisher)
This form refers to the manuscript, which an author(s) was accepted for publication and was signed by all the authors.
The undersigned Author(s) of the above-mentioned Paper here transfer any and all copyright-rights in and to The Paper to The Publisher. The Author(s) warrants that The Paper is based on their original work and that the undersigned has the power and authority to make and execute this assignment. It is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission to quote material that has been previously published in any form. The Publisher recognizes the retained rights noted below and grants to the above authors and employers for whom the work performed royalty-free permission to reuse their materials below. Authors may reuse all or portions of the above Paper in other works, excepting the publication of the paper in the same form. Authors may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above Paper for the Author's personal use or for internal company use, provided that the source and The Publisher copyright notice are mentioned, that the copies are not used in any way that implies The Publisher endorsement of a product or service of an employer, and that the copies are not offered for sale as such. Authors are permitted to grant third party requests for reprinting, republishing or other types of reuse. The Authors may make limited distribution of all or portions of the above Paper prior to publication if they inform The Publisher of the nature and extent of such limited distribution prior there to. Authors retain all proprietary rights in any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in The Paper. This agreement becomes null and void if and only if the above paper is not accepted and published by The Publisher, or is with drawn by the author(s) before acceptance by the Publisher.