Environmental and Socio-Economic Development Strategy of Depressed Regions. Case of Kazakhstan

  • Dana AKISHEVA Alikhan Bokeihanov University, Kazakhstan
  • Kanat ADILBAYEV Alikhan Bokeihanov University, Kazakhstan
  • Zhibek ABYLKASSIMOVA Shakarim University, Kazakhstan
  • Aigul ADILBAYEVA Alikhan Bokeihanov University, Kazakhstan
  • Zauresh NURGALIEVA Alikhan Bokeihanov University, Kazakhstan


Strategic priorities for the development of regions are one of the elements of the economic policy of Kazakhstan. The appearance of depressed regions is often associated with an incorrect choice of a system of economic development priorities. In this research work, the authors present the factors of depressiveness of the regions due to the decrease in the competitiveness of the main industrial products, the reduction in the level of investment demand, the depletion of the mineral resource base or the implementation of structural changes in the economy, etc. A stable socio-economic economy of the region requires increasing the efficiency of resource use, encouraging the development of innovations, introducing regional mechanisms and tools for the sustainable development of territorial subjects. It is necessary to develop conceptual approaches to increase the interest of the subjects of the regions in the implementation of environmentally significant measures of the system, based on the stimulation of innovation. Measures are needed to solve the key problems of choosing the most effective incentive measures for a particular region, in conjunction with its features of socio-economic development, natural and climatic conditions, the state of the environment, etc.


[1] Aidarova, A., et al. 2022. Financing the agricultural sector of the economy and its impact on sustainable environmental aspects. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 13(5): 1481–1492. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.v13.5(61).23
[2] Alenkova, I.V. 2019. System of indicators for evaluating the effectiveness of the introduction of environmental innovations. Fundamental Research, 12-2: 237-241.
[3] Balakina, G.F. 2019. Strategies for the development of a depressive region. Strategies of development of a depressive region. Tuva Institute for the integrated development of natural resources of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. Kyzyl: TuvIKOPR SO RAN, 343 pp. ISBN 5-94897-032-9
[4] Balakina, G.F. 2021. Ecological and ethnological concept of the development of a depressed region. Regional Economy: Theory and Practice, 28(211): 10–16.
[5] Bzasezheva, L.Z. 2018. Functional deformations and tools of development in regional economic systems of depressive type. Economics and Entrepreneurship, 9: 1-8.
[6] Falko, S.G., Larionov, and V.G., Demidov, A.V. 2018. Methodological approach to the integration of environmental aspects into the management system of modern enterprises. Bulletin of the Rostov State University of Economics, 4(64): 68-75.
[7] Goodall, B. 1972. The Economics of Urban Areas. Oxford: Pergamon Press Ltd., Urban and regional planning series, 379 pp. ISBN: 978-1483285344. Available at: https://www.elsevier.com/books/the-economics-of-urban-areas/goodall/978-0-08-016892-0
[8] Gorb, O., and Yasnolob, I. 2017. The formation of the management system of ecological, social, and economic development of rural territories using the experience in European Union. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 8(3): 516–528. DOI: http://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.v8.3(19).03
[9] Khaibullin, L.R. 2021. On the adjustment of the priorities of the socio-economic development of the region in the context of anti-COVID restrictions. International Scientific Research Journal, 8(4): 110-117. DOI:https://doi.org/10.23670/IRJ.2021.110.8.141
[10] Kiseleva, S.P. 2018. Information nature of innovative development as a source of ecological and economic threats to the environment. Bulletin of the State University of Management. M.: GUU, 2: 129-137. Available at: https://guu.ru/files/referate/2014/kiseleva_s_avt.pdf
[11] Krupin, A. I. 2018. The specifics of developing a mechanism for overcoming depression in the MO. Modern science-intensive technologies. Regional Application, 3(39): 54–58.
[12] Kuznetsov, Yu.V., Anokhina, E.M., and Melyakova, E.V. 2019. Improving the management of strategic sustainability of enterprises of large, medium and small businesses in depressed regions of Russia. Economics and Management, 1: 74-86. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35854/1998-1627-2019-11-74-86
[13] Lebedeva, T., et al. 2019. Intellectual provision of the innovative entrepreneurship development. Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, 6(5): 303-310. Available at: https://www.richtmann.org/journal/index.php/mjss/article/view/7778
[14] Nasalski, Z. 2021. Determinants of agricultural farm participation in regional economic systems. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 9(1): 374-384. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2021.9.1(23)
[15] Ospangaliyev, A. 2022. Impact of urban landscaping on improving the sustainable development of the urban environment. The case of Nur-Sultan. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 13(5): 1459 -1466. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.v13.5(61).21
[16] Papelo, V.N., and Kovtun, B.A. 2022. The management of the accelerated development of rural territories. International Journal of Experiential Education, 6: 65-68. Available at: https://expeducation.ru/ru/article/view?id=5855
[17] Rybalkin, O., Lavrinenko, O., Ignatjeva, S., and Danileviča, A. 2021. Introduction of EEPSE green economy index for the analysis of regional trends. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 9(1):415-435. DOI:https://doi.org/10.9770/jesi.2021.9.1(26)
[18] Shatalov, S.N. 2018. The system of pension provision in the structure of factors of socio-economic development of the region: The specifics of depressed areas. Actual problems of the modern economy: A collective monograph. Pyatigorsk: RAO-PGLU, 366 pp. ISBN: 978-5-9596-1265-8
[19] Zhamaldaev, A.Sh. 2019. Model of the regional mechanism for the rational use of human resources in a depressed economy. Innovations and investments, 12: 7-14.
[20] *** Data from the Bureau of National Statistics of the Agency for Strategic Planning and Reforms of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2010-2021. Available at: http://www.stat.gov.kz
How to Cite
AKISHEVA, Dana et al. Environmental and Socio-Economic Development Strategy of Depressed Regions. Case of Kazakhstan. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 14, n. 1, p. 181 - 193, mar. 2023. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/7641>. Date accessed: 23 mar. 2023. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.14.1(65).18.