Analysis of Village Community Recycle Participation Behavior to Maintain Environmental Quality. Empirical Evidence in Waste Banks in Indonesia

  • Hadi SASANA Tidar University, Indonesia
  • Diah Lutfi WIJAYANTI Yogyakarta Veterans National Development University, Indonesia
  • Herbasuki NURCAHYANTO Diponegoro University, Indonesia
  • Ivo NOVITANINGTYAS Tidar University, Indonesia


Community participation in maintaining environmental quality through waste management is very necessary. This study aims to analyze the behavior of recycling participation in the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) framework. The object of the research is the village community members of the Resik Apik Waste Bank, Pati Regency, Central Java Province, Indonesia. Data were analyzed using Structural Equation Modeling - Partial Least Square (SEM-PLS). The results of the analysis show that the recycling participation behavior of rural communities with relatively low levels of education is more driven by personal norms, satisfaction with the service provided, and intention to act. Therefore, it is important to encourage the understanding and knowledge of the villagers about recycling to increase their intention and behavior in recycling waste. Indirectly, social norms are significant for recycling participants through personal norms and intentions to act.



[1] Abbott, A., Nandeibam, S., and O'Shea, L. 2011. Explaining the variation in household recycling rates across the UK. Ecological Economics, 70(11): 2214-2223.
[2] Ajzen, I. 1991. The theory of planned behavior. Organ. Behav. Hum. Decis. Process., 50(2): 179–211
[3] Ajzen, I., and Fishbein, M. 1980. Understanding attitudes and predicting social behavior. Prentice-Hall, Englewood-Cliffs, NJ.
[4] Arı, E., and Yılmaz, V. 2016. A proposed structural model for housewives' recycling behavior: A case study from Turkey. Ecological Economics, 129: 132-142.
[5] Becker, G. S. 1965. A theory of the allocation of time. The Economic Journal, 75 (299): 493–517.
[6] Bezzina, FH, and Dimech, S. 2011. Investigating the determinants of recycling behavior in Malta. Management of Environmental Quality: An International Journal, 22(4): 463-485.
[7] Boldero, J. 1995. The Prediction of Household Recycling of Newspapers: The Role of Attitudes, Intentions, and Situational Factors 1. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 25(5): 440-462.
[8] Callan, SJ, and Thomas, JM. 2006. Analyzing demand for disposal and recycling services: a systems approach. Eastern Economic Journal, 32(2): 221-240.
[9] Dahlén, L., and Lagerkvist, A. 2010. Evaluation of recycling programs in household waste collection systems. Waste Management & Research, 28(7), 577-586.
[10] Damanhuri, E., and Padmi, T. 2010. Diktat Lecture TL-3104 Waste Management. Bandung Institute of Technology. Bandung.
[11] Davies, J., Foxall, GR, and Pallister, J. 2002. Beyond the intention–behavior mythology: an integrated model of recycling. Marketing theory, 2(1): 29-113.
[12] Ghani, Wawak, Rusli, IF, Biak, DRA, and Idris, A. 2013. An application of the theory of planned behavior to study the influencing factors of participation in source separation of food waste. Waste management, 33(5): 1276-1281.
[13] Ghozali, I., and Latan, H. 2014. Structural Equation Models: Alternative Methods to Partial Least Square (PLS). Semarang: Diponegoro Publisher Agency.
[14] González-Torre, P.L., and Adenso-Díaz, B. 2005. Influence of distance on the motivation and frequency of household recycling. Waste management, 25(1): 15-23.
[15] Grodzińska-Jurczak, M. et al. 2006. Effects of an educational campaign on public environmental attitudes and behavior in Poland. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 46(2): 182-197.
[16] Hage, O., Söderholm, P., and Berglund, C. 2009. Norms and economic motivation in household recycling: empirical evidence from Sweden. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 53(3): 155-165.
[17] Ho, Y.Y. 2002. Recycling as a sustainable waste management strategy for Singapore: an investigation to find ways to promote Singaporean's household waste recycling behaviour. Lund University.
[18] Hofstede, G., and Bond, M.H. 1988. The Confucius connection: From cultural roots to economic growth. Organizational dynamics, 16(4): 5-21.
[19] Hornik, J., Cherian, J., Madansky, M., and Narayana, C. 1995. Determinants of recycling behavior: A synthesis of research results. The Journal of Socio-Economics, 24(1): 105-127.
[20] Jambeck, JR, et al. 2015. Plastic waste inputs from land into the ocean. Science, 347(6223): 768-771.
[21] Kirakozian, A. 2016. The determinants of household recycling: social influence, public policies and environmental preferences. Applied Economics, 48(16): 1481-1503.
[22] Klöckner, C.A., and Oppedal, I.O. 2011. General vs. domain specific recycling behavior—Applying a multilevel comprehensive action determination model to recycle in Norwegian student homes. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 55(4): 463-471.
[23] Knussen, C., Yule, F., MacKenzie, J., and Wells, M. 2004. An analysis of intentions to recycle household waste: The roles of past behaviour, perceived habit, and perceived lack of facilities. Journal of environmental psychology, 24(2): 237-246.
[24] Liska, A.E. 1984. A critical examination of the causal structure of the Fishbein/Ajzen attitude-behavior model. Social psychology quarterly, 61-74.
[25] Mahmud, SND, and Osman, K. 2010. The determinants of recycling intention behavior among the Malaysian school students: an application of theory of planned behavior. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 9: 119-124.
[26] Mosler, H.J., et al. 2008. Deriving interventions on the basis of factors influencing behavioral intentions for waste recycling, composting, and reuse in Cuba. Environment and Behavior, 40(4): 522-544.
[27] Nigbur, D., Lyons, E., and Uzzell, D. 2010. Attitudes, norms, identity and environmental behaviour: Using an expanded theory of planned behavior to predict participation in a curbside recycling programme. British Journal of Social Psychology, 49(2): 259-284.
[28] Oskamp, S., et al. 1991. Factors influencing household recycling behavior. Environment and behavior, 23(4): 494-519.
[29] Ramayah, T., Lee, JWC, and Lim, S. 2012. Sustaining the environment through recycling: An empirical study. Journal of environmental management, 102: 141-147.
[30] Schwab, N., Harton, HC, and Cullum, JG. 2014. The effects of emergent norms and attitudes on recycling behavior. Environment and Behavior, 46(4): 403-422.
[31] Schwartz, S.H. 1977. Normative influences on altruism. In Advances in experimental social psychology (Vol. 10, pp. 221-279). Academic Press.
[32] Shaw, P.J. 2008. Nearest neighbor effects in curbside household waste recycling. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 52(5): 775-784.
[33] Sidique, S.F., Joshi, S.V., and Lupi, F. 2010. Factors influencing the rate of recycling: An analysis of Minnesota counties. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 54(4): 242-249.
[34] Smallbone, T. 2005. How can domestic households become part of the solution to England's recycling problems? Business Strategy and the Environment, 14(2): 110-122.
[35] Suryani, A.S. 2014. The role of the waste bank in the effectiveness of waste management (case study of the Malang waste bank). Journal of Aspirations, 5(1): 71-84.
[36] Thøgersen, J. 2006. Norms for environmentally responsible behavior: An extended taxonomy. Journal of environmental Psychology, 26(4): 247-261.
[37] Thøgersen, J. 1996. Recycling and morality: A critical review of the literature. Environment and behavior, 28(4): 536-558.
[38] Tonglet, M., Phillips, P.S., and Read, AD. 2004. Using the Theory of Planned Behavior to investigate the determinants of recycling behaviour: a case study from Brixworth, UK. Resources, conservation and recycling, 41(3): 191-214.
[39] Tucker, P. 1999. Normative influences in household waste recycling. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 42(1): 63.
[40] Valle, POD, Rebelo, E., Reis, E., and Menezes, J. 2005. Combining behavioral theories to predict recycling involvement. Environment and behavior, 37(3): 364-396.
[41] Wan, C., Shen, GQ, and Yu, A. 2014. The role of perceived effectiveness of policy measures in predicting recycling behavior in Hong Kong. Resources, Conservation and Recycling, 83: 141-151.
[42] Wertz, K.L. 1976. Economic factors influencing households' production of refuse. Journal of environmental economics and management, 2(4): 263-272.
[43] White, K.M., and Hyde, MK. 2012. The role of self-perceptions in the prediction of household recycling behavior in Australia. Environment and Behavior, 44(6): 785-799.
[44] Kompas. 2018. Indonesia is the Second Largest Plastic Waste Contributor in the World. Retrieved September 29, 2019. Available at:
How to Cite
SASANA, Hadi et al. Analysis of Village Community Recycle Participation Behavior to Maintain Environmental Quality. Empirical Evidence in Waste Banks in Indonesia. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 5, p. 1416 - 1424, sep. 2022. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 02 oct. 2022. doi: