The Role of the Entrepreneurship Mindset and Spirit in Building a Tourism Business in Indonesia Post COVID-19

  • Adhy FIRDAUS STIE Ganesha Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Norvadewi NORVADEWI Sultan Aji Muhammad Idris State Islamic University, Indonesia
  • Muryanti MURYANTI UIN Sunan Kalijaga, Indonesia
  • Syarif HIDAYATULLAH STIE Ganesha Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Joned Ceilendra SAKSANA STIE Ganesha Jakarta, Indonesia
  • Sunday Ade SITORUS HKBP Nommensen University, Indonesia


The purpose of this research is to know and analyze directly or indirectly the entrepreneurial mindset and spirit have a significant effect on increasing business performance through self-motivation of entrepreneurs in rebuilding tourism businesses after COVID-19. This study examines the variables related to the entrepreneurial mindset and spirit, while the dependent variable is increasing business performance through moderating variables, namely self-motivation of entrepreneurs in rebuilding tourism businesses after COVID-19. The research method used in this research is descriptive quantitative research method using path analysis. In this study the independent variable is related to mindset and entrepreneurial spirit while for the dependent variable, namely the variable business performance improvement and the moderator variable is the variable self-motivation from entrepreneurs in rebuilding tourism businesses post-covid-19, data analysis using AMOS 18 and the data taken is data on the number of entrepreneurs in the Indonesian tourism industry in 2016-2020. Partially, the variables of mindset and entrepreneurial spirit have a significant effect on the variables of increasing business performance and self-motivation. Simultaneously, the variables of mindset and entrepreneurial spirit have an effect on the variable of increasing business performance through self-motivation variables. Through the results of research that has been stated that with a good mindset in carrying out the business that will be built by thinking about what business concepts will be developed after being slumped by COVID-19, plus increasing the spirit of entrepreneurship will improve performance in business for entrepreneurs in the tourism industry, increasing Performance is due to an increase in self-motivation in carrying out and turning his business into a successful business.


[1] Aghazamani, Y., Kerstetter, D. and Allison, P. 2020. Women's perceptions of empowerment in Ramsar, a tourism destination in northern Iran. Women's Studies International Forum, 79(November 2019), 102340. DOI:
[2] Ben Youssef, A., Boubaker, S., Dedaj, B. and Carabregu-Vokshi, M. 2021. Digitalization of the economy and entrepreneurship intention. Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 164(January 2018), 120043. DOI:
[3] Bouchon, F. and Treat, K. 2016. Rural Areas of ASEAN and Tourism Services, a Field for Innovative Solutions. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 224(August 2015), 44–51. DOI:
[4] Carson, DA and Carson, DB. 2018. International lifestyle immigrants and their contributions to rural tourism innovation: Experiences from Sweden's far north. Journal of Rural Studies, 64: 230–240. DOI:
[5] Doh, K., Park, S. and Kim, DY. 2017. Antecedents and consequences of managerial behavior in agritourism. Tourism Management, 61: 511–522. DOI:
[6] Farber Canziani, B. and Welsh, D.H.B. 2021. How entrepreneurship influences other disciplines: An examination of learning goals. International Journal of Management Education, 19(1): 1–16. DOI:
[7] Farmaki, A., Altinay, L., Botterill, D. and Hilke, S. 2015. Politics and sustainable tourism: The case of cyprus. Tourism Management, 47: 178–190. DOI:
[8] Fernandez, V. 2021. Are extractive ventures more socio-environmentally committed? Resources Policy, 74(July), 102288. DOI:
[9] Füller, J., Hutter, K. and Kröger, N. 2021. Crowdsourcing as a service – from pilot projects to sustainable innovation routines. International Journal of Project Management, 39(2): 183–195. DOI:
[10] Gasparin, M., et al. 2021. Business as unusual: A business model for social innovation. Journal of Business Research, 125(January): 698–709. DOI:
[11] Gernsheimer, O., Kanbach, DK. and Gast, J. 2021. Coopetition research - A systematic literature review on recent accomplishments and trajectories. Industrial Marketing Management, 96(May): 113–134. DOI:
[12] Guichard, E., Autin, F., Croizet, J.C. and Jouffre, S. 2021. Increasing vegetables purchase with a descriptive-norm message: A cluster randomized controlled intervention in two university canteens. Appetite, 167(August). DOI:
[13] Hingtgen, N., Kline, C., Fernandes, L. and McGehee, N.G. 2015. Cuba in transition: Tourism industry perceptions of entrepreneurial change. Tourism Management, 50: 184–193. DOI:
[14] Huarng, K.H. and Mas-Tur, A. 2016. Turning Kurt Lewin on his head: Nothing is so theoretical as a good practice. Journal of Business Research, 69(11): 4725–4731. DOI:
[15] Meyer, C. 2020. The commons: A model for understanding collective action and entrepreneurship in communities. Journal of Business Venturing, 35(5): 106034. DOI:
[16] Nordberg, K., Mariussen and Virkkala, S. 2020. Community-driven social innovation and quadruple helix coordination in rural development. Case study on LEADER group Aktion sterbotten. Journal of Rural Studies, 79(December 2019): 157–168. DOI:
[17] Obermayer, N., et al. 2021. How social media practices shape family business performance: the wine industry case study. European Management Journal, December 2020. DOI:
[18] Pramatari, K. 2019. Greece - The Athens University of Economics and Business: A Case of a Higher Education Institution Acting as Innovation and Entrepreneurial Hub. The Accelerating Transport Innovation Revolution, i: 233–243. DOI:
[19] Ratten, V. and Jones, P. 2021. Entrepreneurship and management education: Exploring trends and gaps. International Journal of Management Education, 19(1): 100431. DOI:
[20] Ren, S. and Jackson, S.E. 2020. HRM institutional entrepreneurship for sustainable business organizations. Human Resource Management Review, 30(3),:100691. DOI:
[21] Salmivaara, L., Lombardini, C. and Lankoski, L. 2021. Examining social norms among other motives for sustainable food choice: The promise of descriptive norms. Journal of Cleaner Production, 311(April): 127508. DOI:
[22] Shkabatur, J., Bar-El, R. and Schwartz, D. 2021. Innovation and entrepreneurship for sustainable development: Lessons from Ethiopia. Progress in Planning, December 2020, 100599. DOI:
[23] Surujlal, J. 2016. Influence of Outlook towards Work on Entrepreneurial Potential of Professional Sport Coaches in South Africa. Procedia Economics and Finance, 35(October 2015): 597–603. DOI:
[24] Šebestová, J. and Nowáková, K. 2015. Innovation Spirit Evaluation within Service Organizations: the Case of the Czech Republic. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 181: 241–250. DOI:

[25] Tajeddini, K., Martin, E. and Ali, A. 2020. Enhancing hospitality business performance: The role of entrepreneurial orientation and networking ties in a dynamic environment. International Journal of Hospitality Management, 90(May), 102605. DOI:
[26] Tsagkari, M., Roca, J. and Kallis, G. 2021. From local island energy to degrowth? Exploring democracy, self-sufficiency, and renewable energy production in Greece and Spain. Energy Research and Social Science, 81: 102288. DOI:
[27] Veréb, V., Nobre, H. and Farhangmehr, M. 2020. Cosmopolitan tourists: the resilient segment in the face of terrorism. Tourism Management Perspectives, 33(April 2019): 100620. DOI:
[28] Wei, L., Qian, J. and Zhu, H. 2021. Rethinking indigenous people as tourists: modernity, cosmopolitanism, and the re-invention of indigeneity. Annals of Tourism Research, 89: 103200. DOI:
How to Cite
FIRDAUS, Adhy et al. The Role of the Entrepreneurship Mindset and Spirit in Building a Tourism Business in Indonesia Post COVID-19. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 4, p. 1074 - 1080, june 2022. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 06 dec. 2023. doi: