Gendered Perceptions for Identifying Ecosystem Services in the Arid Ecosystem of Wadi Araba in Jordan

  • Amani AL-ASSAF Department of Agricultural Economics and Agribusiness, The University of Jordan, Jordan
  • Abeer ALBALAWNEH Environment and Climate Change Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan
  • Amgad HJAZIN Environment and Climate Change Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan Chair for Forest Growth and Yield Science, Technical University Munich, Germany
  • Rabab KABARITI Economic and Social Studies Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan
  • Lana ABU NOWAR Economic and Social Studies Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan
  • Jafar ALWIDYAN Environment and Climate Change Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan
  • Ghadeer ALBASHBSHEH Economic and Social Studies Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan
  • Mai DIAB Environment and Climate Change Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan
  • Wafa’a ABU HAMMOUR Environment and Climate Change Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan
  • Safaa ALJAAFREH Environment and Climate Change Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan
  • Salsabeel AL-SHISHANY Independent Researcher, Amman, Jordan
  • Nizar HADDAD Bee Research Directorate, National Agricultural Research Center (NARC), Jordan


This study aimed to explore how ecosystem services (ES) identification varies among the local communities based on gender perceptions, considering the differences in usage and access to natural resources. We conducted research through two methods; focus groups and personal interviews. Four focus groups were formed in four communities in Wadi Araba (WA), Southern Jordan. A structured face-to-face interview method was used to evaluate a random sample of 200 residents. A binary logistic analysis was conducted to explore how the respondent's gender is seen to influence the type and use of services, and their perceptions of services in an arid ecosystem. The analysis generated three models; the first model showed that women were able to recognize and use provisioning services related to livestock production as they use rangeland for grazing for long periods and long daily hours, and the second model results reflected those women were able to recognize few ES. The identified services were linked to income-generating activities for a long time. The third model indicated that men were more likely to recognize and indicate the establishment of government services in support of the region as a result of the thriving and developed tourism sector.


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How to Cite
AL-ASSAF, Amani et al. Gendered Perceptions for Identifying Ecosystem Services in the Arid Ecosystem of Wadi Araba in Jordan. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 13, n. 3, p. 605-618, june 2022. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 june 2022. doi: