The Relationship between Academic Performance and Environmental Sustainability Consciousness: A Case Study in Higher Education

  • Kevin FUCHS Prince of Songkla University, Thailand

Abstract

Environmental sustainability is a very articulated and complex concept that is widely discussed in many disciplines and many streams of the literature, wherein tourism is dependent upon the environment for much of its well-being. With that being said, tourism education is at the forefront of impacting environmental sustainability in one way or another by educating tomorrow’s tourism stakeholders. This study presents preliminary findings of a larger study that examines a possible relationship between academic performance and tourism students’ consciousness towards environmental sustainability. The Environmental Sustainability Consciousness Questionnaire (ESCQ) was used to gather quantitative data from a sample of undergraduate students (n=100) through the cluster sampling method. The empirical findings of this study suggest that students in the top as well as bottom percentile ranked by academic performance have generally the highest consciousness toward environmental sustainability. Furthermore, a statistically significant correlation was detected between the academic performance of students and their perceived knowledge with regard to environmental sustainability. The results of the study add to the existing boy of knowledge end reveal that academic performance is not an indicator that better-performing students have a higher consciousness toward environmental sustainability.

References

[1] Ali, E. B., & Anufriev, V. P. (2020). Towards environmental sustainability in Russia: Evidence from Green Universities. Heliyon, 6(8): e04719. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.heliyon.2020.e04719
[2] Averchenkova, A., Fankhauser, S., & Finnegan, J. J. (2021). The impact of strategic climate legislation: evidence from expert interviews on the UK Climate Change Act. Climate Policy, 21(2): 251-263. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/14693062.2020.1819190
[3] Bateman, I. J., & Mace, G. M. (2020). The natural capital framework for sustainably efficient and equitable decision making. Nature Sustainability, 3(10): 776-783. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41893-020-0552-3
[4] Bauer, D., Arnold, J., & Kremer, K. (2018). Consumption-intention formation in education for sustainable development: An adapted model based on the theory of planned behavior. Sustainability, 10(10): 3455. DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/su10103455
[5] Cimatti, B. (2016). Definition, development, assessment of soft skills and their role for the quality of organizations and enterprises. International Journal for quality research, 10(1). DOI:https://doi.org/10.18421/IJQR10.01-05
[6] Correia, E., Conde, F., Nunes, R. & Viseu, C. (2020). Students’ perceptions of HEI regarding environmental sustainability–a comparative analysis. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 21(4): 629-648. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSHE-10-2019-0320
[7] Fuchs, K. (2021). The Ideation of Environmental Sustainability: Evidence from Phuket, Thailand. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 12(5): 1229-1235. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.v12.5(53).07
[8] Jackson, D. (2017). Developing pre-professional identity in undergraduates through work-integrated learning. Higher Education, 74(5): 833-853. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10734-016-0080-2
[9] Kagawa, F. (2007). Dissonance in students' perceptions of sustainable development and sustainability. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education, 8(3): 317-338. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1108/14676370710817174
[10] Kamau, M., Chasek, P., & O’Connor, D. (2018). Transforming multilateral diplomacy: The inside story of the Sustainable Development Goals. Routledge.
[11] Kirby, C. K., & Zwickle, A. (2021). Sustainability behaviors, attitudes, and knowledge: comparing university students and the general public. Journal of Environmental Studies and Sciences, 1-9. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs13412-021-00717-x
[12] Leal Filho, W., et al. (2019). Using the sustainable development goals towards a better understanding of sustainability challenges. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 26(2): 179-190. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13504509.2018.1505674
[13] Mahat, H., et al. (2019, June). Environmental sustainability knowledge, attitude and practices among pre-school students. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 286, No. 1, p. 012003). IOP Publishing. DOI: https://doi.org/:10.1088/1755-1315/286/1/012003
[14] Malik, M. N., et al. (2019). Investigating students’ sustainability awareness and the curriculum of technology education in Pakistan. Sustainability, 11(9): 2651. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11092651
[15] Mio, C., Panfilo, S., & Blundo, B. (2020). Sustainable development goals and the strategic role of business: A systematic literature review. Business Strategy and the Environment, 29(8): 3220-3245. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1002/bse.2568
[16] Msengi, I., et al. (2019). Assessment of knowledge and awareness of “sustainability” initiatives among college students. Renewable Energy and Environmental Sustainability, 4(6): 1-11. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1051/rees/2019003
[17] Norwegian National Research Ethics Committees. (2019, June 8). Guidelines for Research Ethics in the Social Sciences, Humanities, Law and Theology. NESH. Available at: https://www.forskningsetikk.no/en/guidelines/
[18] Swaim, J. A., Maloni, M. J., Napshin, S. A., & Henley, A. B. (2014). Influences on student intention and behavior toward environmental sustainability. Journal of Business Ethics, 124(3): 465-484. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10551-013-1883-z
[19] Tomislav, K. (2018). The concept of sustainable development: From its beginning to the contemporary issues. Zagreb International Review of Economics & Business, 21(1): 67-94. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2478/zireb-2018-0005
[20] Wals, A. E., & Benavot, A. (2017). Can we meet the sustainability challenges? The role of education and lifelong learning. European Journal of Education, 52(4): 404-413. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/ejed.12250
Published
2021-12-29
How to Cite
FUCHS, Kevin. The Relationship between Academic Performance and Environmental Sustainability Consciousness: A Case Study in Higher Education. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 8, p. 2168 - 2176, dec. 2021. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/6660>. Date accessed: 17 jan. 2022.