Approaches to the Study of the Spatial and Functional Structure of Seaside Tourist and Recreational Systems. Case of Crimea

  • Irina M. YAKOVENKO Crimean Federal University, Russian Federation
  • Natalia V. STRACHKOVA Crimean Federal University, Russian Federation
  • Alexander B. KOSOLAPOV Moscow State University for Sport and Tourism, Russian Federation
  • Svetlana A. LOSOVSKYA Pacific Geographical Institute Far-Eastern Branch of RAS, Russian Federation


In the article, the concepts of essence of the seaside tourist and recreational systems (STRS) and their roles in the world tourist and recreational process were systemized and the lines of the interdisciplinary research of the functional and spatial structure of the TRS were studied. The authors approach to the TRS research represents a combination of the statistical and cartographical methods. In order to reveal the functional types of the Crimea coastal TRSs settlements, the structure indices of the bed capacity of collective accommodation facilities and number of kinds of the tourist and recreational activities were used. The study of the spatial structure of TRSs was based on the number of beds per 1000 men in the accommodation means and number of beds per 1 km of the coastal strip and specific weight of the recreation lands in the land-use pattern. The map of the functional spatial structure of the Crimean seaside TRSs was constructed.


[1] Bachvarov, M. 1999. Troubled sustainability: Bulgarian seaside resorts. Tourism Geographies, 1(2): 192- 203. DOI:
[2] Bal, W. and Czalczynska-Podolska, M. 2020. The stages of the cultural landscape transformation of seaside resorts in Poland against the background of the evolving nature of tourism. Land, 9 (2): 55. DOI:
[3] Caffyn, A. and Jobbins, G. 2003. Governance capacity and stakeholder interactions in the development and management of coastal tourism: examples from Morocco and Tunisia. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 11(2–3): 224-45. DOI:
[4] Duda-Gromada, K., and Durydiwka, M. 2014. Influence of tourism on the spatial development of seaside resorts: selected aspects. Tourism, 24 (1): 59-65. DOI:
[5] Finogenov, A. I. and Popov, A. V. 2019. Concept of planning development of coastal resort settlements under conditions of complex relief. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 1(33): 135-139. DOI:
[6] Gombault, A., Falaix, L., Hatt, E. and Piriou, J. 2015. Creative resources for attractive seaside resorts: the French turn. Journal of Investment and Management, 4(1-1): 78-86. DOI:
[7] Gormsen, E. 1997. The impact of tourism on coastal areas. GeoJournal, 42: 39-54. Available at:
[8] Grecevičius, P., Abromas, J., Dubra, V. and Kalke, D. 2014. Urban and territorial aspects of the development of the recreational system of Lithuanian seaside. Journal of sustainable architecture and civil engineering, 3: 34-44. DOI:
[9] Hall, M. and Page, S. J. The geography of tourism and recreation. Environment, place and space, Third Edition. Routledgepublishing, 2006.
[10] Jankauskaite, A. and Grecevičius, P. 2018. Tendencies of recreational landscape formation in Southeastern Baltic seaside resorts after 1990. Case of Palanga resort. Architecture and Urban Planning, 14: 63-69. DOI:
[11] Kotlyakov, V. M., Kruzhalin, V. I. and Mazhar, L. Yu. 2020. Theoretical foundations of tourism development at the interregional level. Tourism and regional development, 1: 17-30. Available at:
[12] Lal Mukherjee, A. 2021. Impact of tourism in coastal areas: need of sustainable tourism strategy. Available at:
[13] Liu, J. and Wall, G. 2009. Resort morphology research: history and future perspectives. Asia Pacific Journal of Tourism Research, 14 (4): 339-350. DOI:
[14] Ma, H., Jianchao Xi, J., Wang, Q. and Liu, F. 2020. Spatial complex morphological evolution and influencing factors for mountain and seaside resort tourism destination. Research Article, 3:1-11. DOI:
[15] Mazhar, L. Yu.2008. Territorial tourist and recreational systems. Universum publishing.
[16] Parzych, K. J. 2020. The Polish Baltic coast as a tourist area in the light of tourism indicators. Studia Periegetica, 4(32): 81-87. DOI:
[17] Pearce, D. G. 1978. Form and function of French resorts. Annals of Tourism research, 5: 142-156. Available at:
[18] Pearce, D.G. 1995. Tourism today: a geographical analysis. Second Edition. Longman publishing.
[19] Prygunova, I. L., Pyshkin, V. B. and Kalinichenko, A.V. 2014. Rational nature management in the process of development of coastal territorial recreational systems. Geopolitics and ecogeodynamics of regions, 10(2): 210-214. Available at:
[20] Sahnova, N. S. 1990. Recreational microdistricting of coastal and mountain territories of all-Union significance (on the example of the south-eastern coast of Crimea). PhD diss. Leningrad University.
[21] Sanin, A.Yu. 2018. On the issue of the management of recreational nature use in the coastal tourist territories of the Russian Federation. Modern problems of service and tourism, 12, 2: 45-47. DOI:
[22] Vidishcheva, E., Dreizis, Yu., Kopyrin, A., and Vorobey, E. 2019. Territorial planning and state support as an instrument of sustainable development of coastal resort regions (on the example of Krasnodar region of Russia). Paper presented at E3S Web of Conferences, 135, 04031 (2019) ITESE-2019. DOI:
[23] Wong, P. P. (ed.) 1993. Tourism vs environment: the case for coastal areas. Wolf Tietze publishing.
[24] Yakovenko, I. M. 2003. Recreational nature management: methodology and methods of research. Tavriya publishing.
[25] European Union website. “Coastal and maritime tourism”. Available at:
[26] Guide to the formation of resort and recreational systems. Stroyizdat publishing, 1984.
[27] Ministry of Economic Development of the Russian Federation. 2021. “Federal State Information System of Territorial planning”. Available at:
[28] Ministry of Resorts and Tourism of the Republic of Crimea. 2021. “List of collective accommodation facilities located on the territory of the Republic of Crimea”. Available at:
How to Cite
YAKOVENKO, Irina M. et al. Approaches to the Study of the Spatial and Functional Structure of Seaside Tourist and Recreational Systems. Case of Crimea. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 6, p. 1562-1571, sep. 2021. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 19 oct. 2021. doi: