Legal Regulation of Kazakhstan’s Transition to the Green Economy

  • Lazzat YERKINBAYEVA Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan
  • Galym TELEUYEV Zhetysu University named after Ilyas Zhansugurov, Kazakhstan
  • Bakytzhan KALYMBEK Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan
  • Daniya NURMUKHANKYZY Zhetysu University named after Ilyas Zhansugurov, Kazakhstan
  • Assiya KUDERINA Zhetysu University named after Ilyas Zhansugurov, Kazakhstan

Abstract

To preserve nature, it is necessary to carefully monitor the state of the natural environment, normalize and prevent industrial emissions, and develop and implement waste-free and resource-saving technologies. Chemical safety is an important element of the national security of the Republic of Kazakhstan in “green economy” conditions. The main goals of safe management are prevention, reduction, minimization of toxic substances’ potentially harmful effects on public health and environment.


Today, humanity has begun to realize that any economic branch first of all affects the environment. Therefore, the world community is considering various mechanisms for preserving the environment, and certainly, the idea of a green economy is one of them. A green economy is not just an opportunity, but a mandatory path of development for all countries which strive to ensure a secure future for their citizens.


The present research aims to suggest recommendations concerning the legal issues of the transition to a green economy and to improve the regulatory framework of the Republic of Kazakhstan.


In the course of the study, the authors propose theoretical and practical recommendations for improving the current state mechanism for the transition to a green economy.

References

[1] Afontsev, S.A. 2014. World economy in search of a new growth model. World Economy and International Relations, 2: 3-12.
[2] Aigarinova, G.T. 2013. Theoretical legal bases of the regional policy of transition to the green economy in the framework of the implementation of the "Kazakhstan-2050 Strategy". Specialized monthly journal "Loyer" no. 7. Available at: https://journal.zakon.kz/4578087-teoreticheskie-pravovye-osnovy.html
[3] Askarova, A.O. 2010. On the issue of the legal nature of chemical safety of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Bulletin of KazNU, Legal Series, 1(53): 135-136.
[4] Bosselmann, K., Brown, P.G. and Mackey, B. 2012. Enabling a flourishing Earth: Challenges for the green economy, Opportunities for global governance. Review of European Community & International Environmental Law, 21(1): 23-30.
[5] Burdakova, G.I. 2011. State regulation mechanisms of sustainable development of the industrial center of the Far East. Proceedings of the Tomsk Polytechnic University, 319(6): 51-55.
[6] De Andrade Correa, F. 2013. The role of law in the green economy: Challenges and opportunities for the liberalization of environmental goods and services. In: The World Bank Legal Review, Vol. 5: Fostering Development through Opportunity, Inclusion, and Equity, 147-161. Washington, DC: World Bank.
[7] Gordon, K., Borosage, R. and Pugh, D. 2013. The green industrial revolution and the United States in the clean energy race, is the United States a leader or a luddite? Available at: https://cdn.americanprogress.org/wpcontent/uploads/2013/12/GreenIndustrial.pdf?_ga=2.19804792.1530124366.1621446920-2082642405.1621446920
[8] Guryeva, M.A., and Naimushina, D.V. 2015. Green economy in Russia. Theory, and Practice of Social Development, 7: 58-59.
[9] La Via, G. 2016. Green economy is now a reality in Europe. Available at: https://www.theparliamentmagazine.eu/news/article/green-economy-is-now-a-reality-in-europe
[10] Profiev, B. 2013. Green economy. The realities. Prospects and limits to growth. Available at: https://carnegie.ru/2013/04/04/ru-pub-51414
[11] Yrrkіnbayeva, L. 2016. Legal and economic problems of the governmental regulation of renewable energy source usage and development in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 7(6): 54-59.
[12] Zhusupbekova, M.K. 2014. Legal problems of the transition of the Republic of Kazakhstan to the green economy. Advances in Current Natural Sciences, 12: 284-287.
[13] Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 922 dated 01.02.2010 "On the Strategic Development Plan of the Republic of Kazakhstan until 2020" (as amended on 11.11.2013). Available at: https://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/U100000922_
[14] The Message of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan N.A. Nazarbayev to the people of Kazakhstan "Kazakhstan-2050 Strategy": A new political course of the established state, dated December 14, 2012. Available at: https://www.akorda.kz/ru/addresses/addresses_of_president/poslanie-prezidenta-respubliki-kazahstan-nnazarbaeva-narodu-kazahstana-14-dekabrya-2012-g
[15] UNEP. 2011. Towards a green economy: Paths to sustainable development and poverty eradication. Summary report for representatives of government structures. Available at: https://portals.iucn.org/library/sites/library/files/documents/Man-Econ-140.pdf
Published
2021-09-12
How to Cite
YERKINBAYEVA, Lazzat et al. Legal Regulation of Kazakhstan’s Transition to the Green Economy. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 5, p. 1335-1342, sep. 2021. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/6361>. Date accessed: 27 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.12.5(53).18.