The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Global Economy and Environment

  • Vilena Yurievna ZHILENKO Department of Industrial Ecology, Institute of Chemical Engineering and Technology Belgorod State University named after V.G. Shukhov, Russian Federation
  • Elmira Faylovna AMIROVA Institute of Economics Kazan State Agrarian University, Russian Federation
  • Denis Evgenevich LOMAKIN Orel State University named after I.S. Turgenev, Russian Federation
  • Nikolai Nikolaevich SMOKTAL Sevastopol State University, Russian Federation
  • Fatima Yakhievna KHAMKHOEVA Ingush State University, Russian Federation


As a result of the appearance of a new coronavirus infection in the world in 2019 (COVID-19), there was a change in all spheres of people's lives. The measures taken to reduce the spread of the virus have had a negative impact on the economy and a positive impact on the environment. This research is aimed at studying the positive impact of COVID-19 on the environment and studying the global economic recession in connection with the quarantine measures that were accepted. The research used an analytical approach based on the analysis of global statistics and available scientific literature on COVID-19. The main macroeconomic indicators are analyzed, and the state of the atmosphere and hydrosphere during the isolation period is assessed. As a result of the research, the main measures that contribute to the elimination of the economic downturn are identified, as well as the main ways to achieve long-term environmental benefits. Thus, the implementation of the proposed strategies in ecology and economics can be useful for global economic and environmental sustainability.


[1] Baker, S.R., Bloom, N. Davis, S.J. and Terry, S.J. 2020. COVID - Induced Economic Uncertainty. NBER Working Paper No. 26983. Cambridge, MA: National Bureau of Economic Research, pp. 1-11.
[2] Berman, J.D. and Ebisu, K. 2020. Changes in U.S. air pollution during the COVID-19 pandemic. Science of the Total Environment, 739: 139864.
[3] Brahmbhatt, M, and Dutta, A. 2008. On SARS type economic effects during infectious disease. Policy Research Working Paper No. 4466. The World Bank, East Asia and Pacific Region, Chief Economist's Office, 28 p. DOI:
[4] Clifford, K. 2020. The water in Venice, Italy’s canals is running clear amid the COVID-19 lockdown — take a look. Available at: (accessed April 22, 2021).
[5] Häder, D.-P., et al. 2020. Anthropogenic pollution of aquatic ecosystems: emerging problems with global implications. Science of the Total Environment, 713: 136586.
[6] Henriques, M. 2020. Will Covid-19 have a lasting impact on the environment? BBC news. Available at:
[7] Huang, C., et al. 2020. Clinical features of patients infected with 2019 novel coronavirus in Wuhan, China. Lancet, 395(1223): 497-506.
[8] Johnson, N.P. and Mueller, J. 2002. Updating the accounts: global mortality of the 1918-1920 "Spanish" influenza pandemic. Bulletin of the History of Medicine, 76(1): 105-115.
[9] Kain, T. and Fowler, R. 2019. Preparing intensive care for the next pandemic influenza. Crit Care, 23(1): 337.
[10] Mahato, S., Pal, S. and Gopal Ghosh, K. 2020. Effect of lockdown amid COVID-19 pandemic on air quality of the megacity Delhi, India. Science of the Total Environment, 730: 139086.
[11] Mani, K.A.S. 2020. The lockdown cleaned the Ganga more than ‘Namami Gange’ ever did. Available at:
[12] Simonsen, L. et al. 1998. Pandemic versus epidemic influenza mortality: a pattern of changing age distribution. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 178(1): 53-60.
[13] Sui, A., and Wong, Y. 2004. Economic Impact of SARS: The Case of Hong-Kong. Asian Economic Papers, 1(3): 62-83.
[14] Viboud, C., et al. 2016. Global mortality impact of the 1957-1959 influenza pandemic. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 213(5): 738-745.
[15] Wallace, G. 2020. Airlines and TSA report 96% drop in air travel as pandemic continues. Available at:
[16] Yunus, A.P., Masago, Y. and Hijioka, Y. 2020. COVID-19 and surface water quality: improved lake water quality during the lockdown. Science of the Total Environment, 731: 139012.
[17] Zhilenko, V.Yu., et al. 2017a. Conceptual foundation for the development of tourist clusters in Russia. International Journal of Economic Perspectives, 11(3): 1389-1396.
[18] Zhilenko, V.Yu., et al. 2017b. Problems and prospects of development of ecological tourism in Ireland. Espacios, 38(33): 9.
[19] Zogopoulos, E. 2020. COVID-19: the curious case of a green virus. Energy industry review. Available at:
[20] IEA. 2020. Oil Market Report: March 2020.
[21] UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs. 2021. World Economic Situation and Prospects: February 2021 Briefing, No. 143. Available at:
[22] UNСTAD. 2020. Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on trade and development. Geneva, New York: United Nations Publications.
[23] WHO. 2021. WHO Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) Dashboard. Available at:
How to Cite
ZHILENKO, Vilena Yurievna et al. The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on the Global Economy and Environment. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 5, p. 1236-1241, sep. 2021. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 27 may 2022. doi: