Environmental and Legal Regulation of the Handling of Chemicals

  • Assiya KUDERINA Zhetysu University named after I. Zhansugurov, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Ilyas KUDERIN Zhetysu University named after I. Zhansugurov, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Dauren BEKEZHANOV Zhetysu University named after I. Zhansugurov, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Bolat AITIMOV Zhetysu University named after I. Zhansugurov, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Dana NURBEK Zhetysu University named after I. Zhansugurov, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Indira AMREEVA Academy Kainar, Republic of Kazakhstan

Abstract

The implementation of a set of measures aimed at consistently reducing the negative impact of hazardous chemical factors on the population and the environment to an acceptable level of risk provides for the development and analysis of the experience of the European Union and its member States in the field of chemical management, as well as the development of recommendations for improving legislation and other regulatory legal acts on environmental protection from chemical pollution. To this end, the article presents the rationale and conceptual approaches to the formation of legislation in the field of chemical safety within the framework of state policy. The most important aspect in the formation of legislation is the global nature of chemical safety problems, in this connection, the article points to the need to bring the law in this area closer to partners in economic cooperation and integration. Taking into account the focus of future laws on reducing the level of negative impact of hazardous chemicals on the population and the environment, the legal and political consequences of their implementation are outlined.

References

[1] Bekezhanov D. et al. 2020. Environmental and Legal Framework for Regulating Consumer and Industrial Waste Management. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 11(1): 186-193
[2] Bekezhanov, D.N. and Yerkinbayeva, L.K. 2017. Legal Regulation of Municipal Solid Waste Treatment in the Transition of Developing Countries to ‘Green Economy. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, 8(3): 25.
[3] Dubovik, V.N. 2000. Giryaeva Über die Ergebnisse der ökologischen und rechtlichen Forschung der angegebenen Situation siehe die Redaktion von OJI. Dubovik, VN Giryaeva / / Staat und Recht, 9: 119-121.
[4] Dzhangirov, G. S. 2015. Environmental problems of Kazakhstan at the present stage. Bulletin of KazNPU. 377p.
[5] Huweis Hermann. 2007. Ein neues Chemikalicnrecht fur Europa II Gewerbearchiv (GewArch), Alfeld Gidebuchverlag GmbH&Co/KG, S. 398, 398-401
[6] Ivanova, A. L. 2006. Actual problems of European environmental law. Pp. 106, 96-97; Dubovik O. L. Zabelina M. I. Legal regulation of environmental trade // Politics and society, 6: 126.
[7] Khadartsev, A.A., Khrupachev, A.G. and Ganyukov, S.P. 2018. Transformation of technogenic pollutants in the atmospheric air. Fundamental research, 12: 158.
[8] Lebedev, A. T. 2015. Mass spectrometry in organic chemistry. Moscow: Technosphere, 704 p.
[9] Mathis, A. 1995. Douze millions de produits chimiques et les publications concernant la chimie. Bull. Phys. 89(733): 739.
[10] Mukhtarova, S. M. 2008. The Concept of environmental pollution under the legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Bulletin of the Treasury. Legal series. – 2008. Available at: https://articlekz.com/article/7083
[11] Rakhmanin, Yu. A. and Rosenthal, O. M. 2019. Improvement of water quality control to ensure the sanitary and hygienic requirements imposed on it. Gigiena i Sanitariia, 98(2):203-204. DOI: 10.18821/0016-9900-2019-98-2-203-204
[12] Sokolovsky, V. G. 2007. REACH: new legislative regulation of the European Union. Ecology of production, 7: 81-85.
[13] Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) – A Division of the American Chemical Society. https://www.cas.org/about/cas-content
[14] Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan (adopted at the Republican referendum on August 30, 1995) Available at: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=1005029 (in Russian).
[15] Ecological code of the Republic of Kazakhstan.2007. 9 January 2007. Available at: http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/K070000212 (in Russian).
[16] General product safety Directive 2001/95/EC (GPSD. Available at: https://www.icqc.eu/index.php?choosed=ru/certifikacija-ce/obshchaya-bezopasnost-produkcii-gpsd. (in Russian).
[17] Kazakhstan's legislation on the turnover of chemicals presented in the OECD CCS. Date of publication February 16, 2018. Available at: https://www.gov.kz/memleket/entities/comprom/press/news/details/zakonodatelstvo-kazahstana-po-oborotu-himicheskih-veshchestv-prezentovali-v-khv-oesr?lang=ru (in Russian).
[18] Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 21, 2007 No. 302-III "on the safety of chemical products”. Available at: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=30113861 (in Russian).
[19] Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated March 18, 1997 No. 85-I “On environmental expertise”. Available at: https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=1007437 (in Russian).
[20] Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 361-II of 4 December 2002. About sanitary and epidemiological welfare of the population. https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=1034904 (in Russian).
[21] Law on protection from dangerous substances. Regulation (EC) no 1907/2006. Available at: https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/chemg/inhalts_bersicht.html (in German).
[22] On approval of the Regulations of the Republican state institution Committee for environmental regulation and control of the Ministry of ecology, geology and natural resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan and its territorial bodies. Order No. 5-P of the Executive Secretary of the Ministry of ecology, geology and natural resources of the Republic of Kazakhstan, dated July 30, 2019. Available at: http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/G1900000005
[23] ON PEOPLE'S HEALTH AND HEALTHCARE SYSTEM Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated July 7, 2020 No. 360-VI ZRK. http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/K2000000360 (in Russian).
[24] Passport of the national project "Ecology". By the Presidium of the presidential Council for strategic development and national projects, Protocol No. 16 of 24.12.2018. Available at: http://www.mnr.gov.ru/activity/directions/natsionalnyy_proekt_ekologiya/
[25] REACH-Verordnung (EG) Nr. 1907/2006-Herstellung und Vertrieb von Chemikalien, Produktprüfungen. Available at: https://www.tuv.com/germany/de/reach.html (in German)
Published
2021-03-29
How to Cite
KUDERINA, Assiya et al. Environmental and Legal Regulation of the Handling of Chemicals. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 12, n. 2, p. 371-381, mar. 2021. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/5958>. Date accessed: 11 may 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v12.2(50).06.