A Model of the Causal Relationships between the Factors Influencing the Performance of Green Organizations Managing Energy-Saving Buildings in Bangkok and Vicinity

  • Witaya PATARAMETAGUL Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University, Thailand
  • Ananya POPRADIT Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University, Thailand
  • Nisa PAKVILAI Valaya Alongkorn Rajabhat University, Thailand
  • Ampon SHOOSANUK Independent Scholar, Thailand

Abstract

The objectives of the present study were (1) to develop a model of the causal relationships between the factors influencing the performance of green organizations (GPM) managing energy-saving buildings in Bangkok and vicinity and (2) to evaluate the consistency between the model constructs and empirical data. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were employed. For the quantitative approach, a survey questionnaire was used to collect data from a sample of 456 representatives of green organizations managing energy-saving buildings in Bangkok and vicinity. As regards the qualitative approach, in-depth interviews were conducted to validate the conceptual framework developed for this research. Then the data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, including percentage, mean, and standard deviation, and inferential statistics, including a structural equation analysis and a Chi-square test. The findings were as follows. First, environmental leadership and environmental innovations had a positive effect on the organizational culture of the green organizations. Also, the environmental management, environmental leadership, environmental innovations, and organizational culture of the green organizations exerted a positive impact on their competitive advantage. In addition, the organizational culture and competitive advantage of the green organizations wielded a positive influence on their performance. Finally, the constructs of the structural equation model were consistent with the empirical data at a satisfactory level with the 2 value of 453.977, the df value of 452, the 2/df of 1.004, the p-value of 0.465, the goodness of fit index (GFI) value of 0.946, the adjusted GFI, or AGFI, value of 0.925, and the root mean square error of estimation (RMSEA) value of 0.003.

References

[1] Alnesr, B., Ramzani, S.R. 2019. The impact of transformational leadership on innovation through the mediating role of knowledge sharing in public and private universities of Syria. Journal of Business and Management, 21(2): 76-82. DOI: https://doi.org/10.9790/487X-2102037682
[2] Anantanasuwong, D. 2016. Teaching document: Unit 13 Thailand and environmental issues. Bangkok: Sukhothai Thammathirat Open University.
[3] Baltaci, F., Yirik, Ş. 2015. From the ecocentric and anthropocentric perspectives, a survey of future tourism entrepreneurs' attitudes toward environmental issues: Sample of Akdeniz university. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 5 (1):139-143.
[4] Boonyasirinun, L. 2015. Factors influencing business development approach to access environmentally sustainable business in Thailand. Panyapiwat Journal, 7 (1):1-10.
[5] Chen, Y.-S. 2011. Green organizational identity: Sources and consequence. Management Decision, 49 (3): 384-404. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/00251741111120761
[6] De Marchi, V. 2012. Environmental innovation and R&D cooperation: Empirical evidence from Spanish manufacturing firms. Research Policy, 41 (3): 614-623. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.respol.2011.10.002
[7] Devall, B., Sessions, G. 2001. Deep ecology: Living as if nature mattered. Utah: Gibbs Smith
[8] Fernandez, E., Junquera, B., Ordiz, M. 2003. Organizational culture and human resources in the environmental issue: a review of the literature. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 14 (4): 634-656. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/0958519032000057628
[9] Flamholtz, E.G., Randle, Y. 2012. Corporate culture, business models, competitive advantage, strategic assets and the bottom line: Theoretical and measurement issues. Journal of Human Resource Costing and Accounting, 16 (2): 76-94. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/14013381211284227
[10] Hair, J.F., Babin, B.J., Anderson, R.E., Black, W.C. 2019. Multivariate data analysis. 8th ed. India: Cengage
[11] Hamdoun, M., Zouaoui, M. 2017. Impact of environmental management on competitive advantage of Tunisian companies: The mediator role of organizational culture. International Review of Management and Marketing, 7(2):76-82.
[12] Horbach, J., Rennings, K. 2013. Environmental innovation and employment dynamics in different technology fields – An analysis based on the German Community Innovation Survey 2009. Journal of Cleaner Production, 57: 158-165. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2013.05.034
[13] Jabbar, M.H., Abid, M. 2017. GHRM: Motivating Employees towards Organizational Environmental Performance. MAGNT Research Report, 2 (4): 267-278. DOI: 14.9831/1444-8939.2014/2-4/MAGNT.34
[14] Jardon, C.M., Martínez-Cobas, X. 2019. Leadership and organizational culture in the sustainability of subsistence small businesses: An intellectual capital based view. Sustainability 11 (12):1-16. DOI:https://doi.org/10.3390/su11123491
[15] Karataş, A. 2016. The role of environmental education in transition from anthropocentrism to ecocentrism. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 7 (1): 125-129. DOI: 10.30845/ijbss
[16] Küçükoğlu, M.T., Pınar, R.İ. 2015. Go green at work: Environmental organizational culture. Modern Environmental Science and Engineering, 1 (2): 79-88. DOI: 10.15341/mese(2333-2581)/02.01.2015/004
[17] Lam, A. 2010. Innovative organizations: Structure, learning and adaptation, innovation perspectives for the. 21st century. Madrid, Spain: BBVA
[18] Ledimo, O. 2014. The role of transformational leadership and organizational culture in service delivery within a public service organization. Journal of Governance and Regulation, 3 (3): 44-51.
[19] Losane, L. 2013. Innovation culture – Determinant of firms´ sustainability. World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology International Journal of Economics and Management Engineering, 7 (10): 2755-2760. DOI: https://doi.org/doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.1088492
[20] Mahmood, Z., Basharat, M., Bashir, Z. 2012. Review of classical management theories. International Journal of Social Sciences and Education, 2 (1): 512-522.
[21] Molina-Azorin, J.F., Tari, J.J., Pereira-Moliner, J., Logez-Gamero, M.D., Pertusa-Ortega, E.M. 2015. "The effects of quality and environmental management on competitive advantage: A mixed methods study in the hotel industry. Tourism Management, 50: 41-54. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2015.01.008
[22] Murphy, P.J., Cooke, R. A., Lopez, Y. 2013. Firm culture and performance: Intensity's effects and limits. Management Decision, 51 (3): 661-679. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/00251741311309715
[23] Quy, V.T. 2018. Organizational culture and firm performance – A comparative study between local and foreign companies located in Ho Chi Minh City. International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovative Technology, 5 (2): 45-53.
[24] Rasid, S.Z., Manaf, M.A., Quoquab, F. 2013. Leadership and organizational commitment in the Islamic banking context: The role of organizational culture as a mediator. American Journal of Economics, 3 (5C): 171-176.
[25] Schoenherr, T., Talluri, S. 2013. Environmental sustainability initiatives: A comparative analysis of plant efficiencies in Europe and the U.S. IEEE Transactions on Engineering Management, 60 (2): 353-365. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1109/TEM.2012.2198653
[26] Setyawati, S.M., Rosiana, M., Shariff, M.N.M. 2017. Competitive advantage as mediating variable on the relationship between innovation and business performance on SMES in Purwokerto province. Saudi Journal of Business and Management Studies, 2 (7): 693-699. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21276/sjbms
[27] Somuyiwa, A., Mcilt, M., Adebayo, T. 2012. Firm’s competitiveness through supply chain responsiveness and supply chain management practices in Nigeria. British Journal of Arts and Social Sciences, 10 (1): 42-52.
[28] Srisai, S. 2014. Green organization development. Journal of Public Health, 44 (3): 219-222.
[29] Tuan, N.P., Yoshi, T. 2010. Organisational capabilities, competitive advantage and performance in supporting industries in Vietnam. Asian Academy of Management Journal, 15 (1): 1–21.
[30] Umrani, W.A., Shah, S.M.M., Memon, P.A., Samo, A.H. 2017. Organizational culture and business performance: An empirical investigation in the Pakistani context. International Journal of Academic Research in Economics and Management Sciences, 6 (1): 93-107. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.6007/IJAREMS/v6-i1/2575
[31] Wu, S.I., Lin, S.R. 2016. The effect of green marketing strategy on business performance: a study of organic farms in Taiwan. Total Quality Management & Business Excellence, 27(1-2): 141-156. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/14783363.2014.959256
[32] Office of Natural Resources and Environmental Policy and Planning. 2017. Environmental quality situation report 2017. Available at: http://www.onep.go.th/ebook/soe/soereport2017.pdf
Published
2020-11-30
How to Cite
PATARAMETAGUL, Witaya et al. A Model of the Causal Relationships between the Factors Influencing the Performance of Green Organizations Managing Energy-Saving Buildings in Bangkok and Vicinity. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 7, p. 1656-1663, nov. 2020. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/5717>. Date accessed: 27 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v11.7(47).06.