Bali is Dressing-Up: Ritual as an Identity

  • Anak Agung Gede RAKA Universitas Warmadewa, Indonesia
  • Novi ANOEGRAJEKTI Universitas Jember, Indonesia
  • Putu Ngurah Suyatna YASA Universitas Warmadewa, Indonesia
  • Sudartomo MACARYUS Universitas Sarjanawiyata Taman Siswa, Indonesia
  • Anak Agung Gede Raka GUNAWARMAN Universitas Warmadewa, Indonesia

Abstract

Barong Landung in Bangli is recognized as one of the former relics of Bali-China contact. This visibly appears from character of its face and narrow lines of eyes. The contact between Balinese and Chinese culture is intertwined through trade channels. With an ethnographic method, the provision of library data of the present study was complemented by field data collected through observation, participation, and in-depth interview with selected participants. Interpretation was done semiotic, by placing each data as a phenomenon of interconnected culture as a whole. The results showed that Sacred Barong Landung was purified and stored in the temple and used in ritual activities that took place inside and outside the temple, such as walking around the village where the temple is located. Sacred Barong Landung is located at Pura Pusering Jagat, Pejeng, Gianyar and at Penataran Sima Siladan Temple, Taman Bali. Profane Barong Landung is situated in Gurukula Foundation, Kubu Sub-district, Bangli and in Sukawati, Gianyar. Traditional theater Calonarang play as a ritual brought in audiences from all levels of the society, including children, teenagers and elderly. Every person coming into the temple follows the activity until the end at the early hours. All the activities are a series of procession of religious activities as a form of benediction to God and as a medium to plead with Him to enable the whole community to always be in a harmonious state in the future.

References

[1] Ardhana, I Ketut, I Nyoman Wijaya. 2017. Indian Influences on Balinese Culture : The Role of Hinduism and Buddhism in Present Day Bali. International Research Journal of Management, IT & Social Sciences, 4(1): 76. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21744/irjmis.v4i1.360
[2] Briones Alonso, E., Cockx, L., Swinnen, J. 2018. Culture and Food Security. Global Food Security, 17: 113-127. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gfs.2018.02.002
[3] Darma, I Kadek Sudana Wira. 2019.“Pengarcaan Dewa Wisnu Pada Masa Hindu-BUddha Di Bali (Abad VII-XIV Masehi). Forum Arkeologi.
[4] Escalona-Orcao, A. I., Escolano-Utrilla, S., Sáez-Pérez, L. A., Sánchez-Valverde García, B. 2016. The Location of Creative Clusters in Non-Metropolitan Areas: A Methodological Proposition. Journal of Rural Studies, 45: 112-122. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jrurstud.2016.03.007
[5] Figueiredo, B., Scaraboto, D. 2016. The Systemic Creation of Value through Circulation in Collaborative Consumer Networks. Journal of Consumer Research, 43(4): 509-533. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1093/jcr/ucw038
[6] Gottowik, V. 2019. Playing With Images: The Visualization of the Other in Hindu-Balinese Religion. International Journal of Interreligious and Intercultural Studies, 2(1): 78-91. DOI:https://doi.org/10.32795/ijiis.vol2.iss1.2019.315
[7] Mason, J. 2019. Review of Lock, Graham & Gary S. Linebarger (2018) Chinese Buddhist Texts: An Introductory Reader. Chinese as a Second Language (漢語教學研究—美國中文教師學會學報Chinese as a Second Language (漢語教學研究—美國中文教師學會學報). The Journal of the Chinese Language Teachers Association, USA, 59(1): 79-83. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1075/csl.00007.mas
[8] Oh, Deog Seong, Phillips, F., Park, S., Lee, E. 2016. Innovation Ecosystems: A Critical Examination. Technovation, 54: 1-6. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.technovation.2016.02.004
[9] Riastini, P., Widowati, A., Ratnasari, Y. and Darma, IGP. 2019. Enganging Balinese Culture and Technology in Digital Era: A Review to Foster Primary Teachers’ Competencies. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Educational Research and Innovation (ICERI 2018). Series:Advances in Social Science, Education and Humanities Research. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2991/iceri-18.2019.50
[10] Robinson, G. 2019. 1. Political Conflict and Violence in Modern Bali: An Overview. The Dark Side of Paradise., 1-18. DOI: https://doi.org/10.7591/9781501732188-006
[11] Ross Arief, D., Udkhiyati, M. 2016. The Essentials of English on International Marketing Management for Balinese Traditional Cloth and Barong SMEs. International Conference on Technology, Innovation, and Society, 566–73. ITP PRESS. DOI: https://doi.org/10.21063/ictis.2016.1087
[12] Sunarta, I. N., Adikampana, I. M., Nugroho, S. 2019. The Existence of Subak inside the Northern Kuta Tourism Area, Bali. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/313/1/012012
[13] Wijngaarden, Y., Hitters, E., Bhansing, P. V. 2019. Innovation Is a Dirty Word’: Contesting Innovation in the Creative Industries. International Journal of Cultural Policy, 25(3) 392-405. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1080/10286632.2016.1268134
[14] Winaja, I. Wayan, I. Wayan Sukma Winarya Prabawa, Putu Ratih Pertiwi. 2019. Acculturation and Its Effects on the Religious and Ethnic Values of Bali’s Catur Village Community. Journal of Social Studies Education Research, 10 (3): 249-275.
[15] Yang, X. 2017. Landscape Art in Chinese Buddhist Temples. Proceedings of the 2017 International Conference on Sports, Arts, Education and Management Engineering (SAEME 2017).. DOI:https://doi.org/10.2991/saeme-17.2017.61.
Published
2020-09-13
How to Cite
RAKA, Anak Agung Gede et al. Bali is Dressing-Up: Ritual as an Identity. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 6, p. 1560 - 1570, sep. 2020. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/5543>. Date accessed: 29 sep. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.v11.6(46).26.