Efficiency of Tourism Activities in Ukraine: A Regional Comparison

  • Halina HORBAN V. I. Vernadsky Taurida National University, Ukraine
  • Iryna PETROVSKA V. I. Vernadsky Taurida National University, Ukraine
  • Anatolii KUCHER V. N. Karazin Kharkiv National University, Ukraine
  • Anna DIUK Vinnytsia National Agrarian University, Ukraine

Abstract

The purpose of the research is to evaluate the efficiency of functioning of tourism entities in the regions of Ukraine using the method of analysis of the functioning environment. It was found that in terms of cost effectiveness, the activities of tour operators in the cities of Kyiv, Lviv, Volyn, and Chernihiv regions were technically effective in 2018, and in other regions ineffective. At the same time, the travel agents of Kyiv, Cherkasy, Lviv and Poltava regions took the leading positions in terms of technical efficiency of operating expenses. According to the results of evaluating the technical effectiveness of the tour operators', tour agents' and subjects' of excursion activity total costs, the analyzed regions are grouped into three groups: (i) entities that form the operating environment – the regions whose positions form the line of technical efficiency, that is, technically effective (Kyiv, Kherson, Volyn, and Chernihiv regions); (ii) the entities whose tourism activities affect the operating environment are the positions of the regions between the technical efficiency line and its projection (Ivano-Frankivsk, Kyiv, Lviv and Odesa regions); (iii) entities whose tourism activities do not affect the environment and depend on the status of such activities in other regions (Vinnytsia, Transcarpathian, Rivne and Cherkasy regions). The results of the study can be used in planning measures to improve the technical efficiency of the tourism business in the regions of Ukraine.

References

[1] Boiko, M., Vedmid, N., Bovsh, L. and Okhrimenko, A. 2018. Investment attractiveness of the Ukrainian tourism system. Investment Management & Financial Innovations, 15(4): 193. DOI:http://dx.doi.org/10.21511/imfi.15(4).2018.16
[2] Cracolici, M. F., Nijkamp, P. and Rietveld, P. 2008. Assessment of tourism competitiveness by analysing destination efficiency. Tourism economics, 14(2): 325–342. DOI:https://doi.org/10.5367/000000008784460427
[3] Dolgikh, Y. 2019. Evaluation and analysis of dynamics of change of efficiency of grain production in Ukraine by DEA method. Agricultural and Resource Economics, 5(3): 47–62. DOI:https://doi.org/10.22004/ag.econ.293985.
[4] Ihnatenko, M., et al. 2019. Models of implementation of enterprises in agricultural green tourism in European countries and assessment of their efficiency. International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering 8(12): 337–340. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35940/ijitee.L3240.1081219
[5] Kovalchuk, Yu., Furman, I., Humenyuk, H. and Kucher, A. 2020. Potential and opportunities for development of tourism in Ukraine. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 1(41): 194–201. DOI:http://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.v11.1(41).22
[6] Kozmenko, O., Poluliakhova, O. and Iastremska, O. 2015. Analysis of countries investment attractiveness in the field of tourism industry. Investment management and financial innovations, 12(3): 56–63.
[7] Levkov, K. 2017. Bulgaria's place in world tourism (an attempt to positioning). New knowledge Journal of science 6(1): 151–162. Available at: http://science.uard.bg/index.php/newknowledge/article/view/208/172
[8] Levkov, K. and Lakov, P. 2018. The tourism regions in Bulgaria – situation and problems. Proceedings of conference «Regional Economy and Sustainable Development», University of Economics – Varna, 1: 497–506. Available at: https://ideas.repec.org/a/vra/pr1803/y2018i1p497-506.html
[9] Levkov, K. and Meskhia, E. 2018. Opportunities for sustainable development of the tourist exchange between Republic of Georgia and Republic of Bulgaria. Sustainable development and competitiveness of regions: collective monograph; ed. O. Stoichkova. Plovdiv: Academic publishing house «Talent», 1: 75–86. Available at: http://science.uard.bg/index.php/sustdev/article/viewFile/411/332
[10] Levkov, K. and Pavlova, D. 2015. Nyakoi vazmozhnosti za uvelichavane na turisticheskiya obmen mezhdu Balgariya i Ukrayna kato chast ot dvustrannite ikonomicheski otnosheniya. ІV international scientific-practical conference „Ukraine – Bulgaria – European union: current situation and prospects”, vol. 1. Varna–Kherson, 127–131.
[11] Martsenyuk, L. V. 2015. Problems and prospects of tourism development in Ukraine. Economics Bulletin, 3: 76–82. Available at: https://ev.nmu.org.ua/docs/2015/3/EV20153_076-082.pdf
[12] Mazaraki, A., et al. 2018. Formation of the national tourism system of Ukraine. Problems and Perspectives in Management, 16(1): 68-84.
[13] Niemets, L., et al. 2018. Rural tourism in Ukraine: Peculiarities and trends of development. Proceedings of the 32nd International Business Information Management Association Conference, IBIMA 2018 – Vision 2020: Sustainable Economic Development and Application of Innovation Management from Regional expansion to Global Growth, 290–301.
[14] Polkovnychenko, S. and Krasiy, A. 2020. Ukraine’s attractiveness at the European tourism services market. Efektyvna ekonomika 1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32702/2307-2105-2020.1.78
[15] Ryabova, T. A. 2018. State and prospects of development of tourism in Ukraine. Efektyvna ekonomika 4. Available at: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=624
[16] Sakhno, A., Hryvkivska, O., Salkova, I. and Kucher, L. 2019a. Evaluation of the efficiency of enterprises by the method of analysis of functioning environment. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 3(35): 499–507. DOI: https://doi.org/10.14505/jemt.v10.3(35).04
[17] Sakhno, A., Polishchuk, N., Salkova, I. and Kucher, A. 2019b. Impact of credit and investment resources on the productivity of agricultural sector. European Journal of Sustainable Development, 8(2): 335–345. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14207/ejsd.2019.v8n2p335
[18] Sakhno, A., Salkova, I., Broyaka, A. and Priamukhina, N. 2019c. Methodology for the impact assessment of the digital economy on agriculture development. International Journal of Recent Technology and Engineering, 8(3C): 160–164. DOI: https://doi.org/10.35940/ijrte.C1027.1183C19
[19] Shcherbakova, N. A. 2019. State and trends of sustainable development of tourism in Ukraine and the world. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, 9(8): 1712–1724. DOI:https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v9.8(32).10
[20] Official site of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine. Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua
Published
2020-06-30
How to Cite
HORBAN, Halina et al. Efficiency of Tourism Activities in Ukraine: A Regional Comparison. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 4, p. 874-882, june 2020. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/5210>. Date accessed: 15 aug. 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v11.4(44).11.