Assessment of Environmental and Occupational Safety in Mining Industry during Underground Coal Mining

  • Marat L. RUDAKOV Saint Petersburg Mining University, Russian Federation
  • Konstantin A. KOLVAKH Saint Petersburg Mining University, Russian Federation
  • Iana V. DERKACH Saint Petersburg Mining University, Russian Federation

Abstract

Ensuring the ever-increasing demands of society for energy resources is a key problem for the development of the economy of all countries of the world. At this stage, to improve the living and working conditions of a person, the development of industry and transport, the growth of production based on scientific and technological progress, a continuous increase in energy use is required. Analysis of the environmental consequences of coal mining shows that the human impact on the environment in the process of economic activity becomes global. Therefore, the main goal of the work is to assess the environmental safety in production because of a decrease in rock mass during underground coal mining. The work analyses the levels of negative environmental impact of coal industry enterprises. The relationship between the key statistical indicator that affects the accident rate and the value of professional risk is demonstrated. It is shown that despite the general tendency to reduce the number of cases of fatal injuries to coal mine workers, the procedure for assessing the risk caused by rock falls needs to be improved. In this regard, when assessing occupational risk, it becomes relevant to use information from multifunctional systems of safety (MSS). The complex method of effective control of mountain pressure is illustrated by application of the developed methodology of computer modelling of geo-mechanical processes, instrumental and geophysical methods for protection and maintenance of mine workings at development of a coal seam of the Barentsburg field.

References

[1] Amirgaliev, E., et al. 2014. Recognition of rocks at uranium deposits by using a few methods of machine learning. Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing, 273: 33-40.
[2] Babenko, A.G., Orzhekhovsky, S.M., Lapin, S.E. and Wilhelm, A.V. 2008. Mining safety increase by means of integrated implementation of requirements for gas control and personal equipment of miners. Paper presented at the proceedings of the 21st world mining congress, September 7-11, in Krakow, Poland.
[3] Bao, S. 2017. Analysis on environmental conditions of freeze-thaw erosion in coal mining subsidence area. Agro Food Industry Hi-Tech, 28(1): 3019-3022.
[4] Chechel, A. 2013. Ecological component alignment of balance of industrial regions. Skhid, 4(124): 98-103.
[5] Chernikova, O.P., and Baranov, P.P. 2018. Environmental reporting in coal mining. Gornyi Zhurnal, 3: 82-85.
[6] Craynon, J.R., Sarver, E.A. and Robertson, D.P. 2013. Could a public ecology approach help resolve the mountaintop mining controversy? Resources Policy, 38(1): 44-49.
[7] Falshtynskyi, V.S., et al. 2018. Substantiation into "rock massive – Underground gasifier" system adaptability of Solenovskyi site in the Donetsk coal basin. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 3: 14-21.
[8] Kabanov, E.I., et al. 2017. Development of a methodology for assessing the risks of accidents in coal mines, taking into account specific mining and geological conditions. Mountain News and Analysis Bulletin, 4: 374-383.
[9] Kryvonos, Y.G., et al. 2017. Independent devices and wireless sensor networks for agriculture and ecological monitoring. Recent Advances in Information Technology (pp. 105-134). London: CRC Press. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1201/9781351243179
[10] Lei, S., Bian, Z., Daniels, J.L. and He, X. 2010. Spatio-temporal variation of vegetation in an arid and vulnerable coal mining region. Mining Science and Technology, 20(3): 485-490.
[11] Lozynskyi, V.G., et al. 2016. Experimental study of the influence of crossing the disjunctive geological fault on thermal regime of underground gasifier. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 5. 21-29.
[12] Ma, X., Huang, J., Li, J. and Ning, S. 2019. Groundwater level threshold under the constrain of ecology security in mining area. Journal of the China Coal Society, 44(3): 675-680.
[13] Mazina, I.E., Gangan, P.P. and Anh, P.T. 2019. Reduction in environmental impact of underground coal mining with backfilling. Mining Informational and Analytical Bulletin, 2: 28-35.
[14] Mylliemngap, W., and Barik, S.K. 2019. Plant diversity, net primary productivity and soil nutrient contents of a humid subtropical grassland remained low even after 50 years of post-disturbance recovery from coal mining. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 191: Article number 697.
[15] Pivniak, H.H., Pilov, P.I., Pashkevych, M.S., and Shashenko, D.O. 2012. Synchro-mining: Civilized solution of problems of mining regions' sustainable operation. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 3: 131-138.
[16] Pivnyak, G., et al. 2018. Mathematical and geomechanical model in physical and chemical processes of underground coal gasification. Solid State Phenomena, 277: 1-16.
[17] Pivnyak, G.G., and Shashenko, O.M. 2015. Innovations and safety for coal mines in Ukraine. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 6: 118-121.
[18] Rabota, E.N. 2015. The development of the fundamental principles of continuum mechanics as applied to the study of geomechanical and geodynamic processes that occur in a rock mass under natural and man-made impacts. Military Space Academy A.F. Mozhaysky.
[19] Report of the Federal Service for Ecological, Technological and Nuclear Supervision “State of industrial safety at hazardous production facilities of the coal industry”. 2019. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/560448587
[20] Savon, D.Y., Aleksakhin, A.V., Skryabin, O.O. and Goodilin, A. 2019. Occupational health and safety digitalization in the coal industry. Eurasian Mining, 2: 70-72.
[21] Sdvizhkova, Ye.A., Babets, D.V., and Smirnov, A.V. 2014. Support loading of assembly chamber in terms of Western Donbas plough longwall. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 5: 26-32.
[22] Sena, K., Agouridis, C., Miller, J. and Barton, C. 2018. Spoil type influences soil genesis and forest development on an appalachian surface coal mine ten years after placement. Forests, 9(12): Article number 780.
[23] Shvankin M.V., Mulev, S.N., Skakun, A.P. and Rabota, E.N. 2012. Experience in the application of geophysical methods for monitoring the VAT of a rock mass to change design decisions when eliminating flooding of the emergency section of mine No. 1-5 of the Barentsburg mine. Notes of the Mining Institute, 198: 137-143.
[24] Tabachenko, N.M., Dychkovskiy, R.Ye., and Falshtynskiy, V.S. 2012. About extraction of methane and slate gas from coal and slate deposits. Naukovyi Visnyk Natsionalnoho Hirnychoho Universytetu, 2: 44-48.
[25] Tang, Q., et al. 2018. Characterization of heavy metals in coal gangue-reclaimed soils from a coal mining area. Journal of Geochemical Exploration, 186: 1-11.
[26] Vlasova, E., Кovalenko, V., Kotok, V., and Vlasov, S. 2016. Research of the mechanism of formation and properties of tripolyphosphate coating on the steel basis. Eastern-European Journal of Enterprise Technologies, 5(83): 33-39.
[27] Xu, J., et al. 2018. Integrated tech-paradigm based innovative approach towards ecological coal mining. Energy, 151: 297-308.
[28] Yang, Q., and W. Liu. 2012. The study on land reclamation technology and ecological control for coal mining subsidence area. Advanced Materials Research, 446: 2973-2977.
[29] Zenkov, I.V. 2018. Territorial and technological features of open mining of coal in the republic of Vietnam. Ugol, 12: 102-103.
[30] Zhu, H.Z., Liu, P., Wang, H.J. and Tong, Z.Y. 2014. Research review and advance on shallow buried coal seam mining pressure. Applied Mechanics and Materials, 675-677: 1425-1428.
Published
2020-06-14
How to Cite
RUDAKOV, Marat L.; KOLVAKH, Konstantin A.; DERKACH, Iana V.. Assessment of Environmental and Occupational Safety in Mining Industry during Underground Coal Mining. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 3, june 2020. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/5034>. Date accessed: 30 nov. 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v11.3(43).10.