Research of the Social Methods of a Project Team Formation and Its Complementarity. Example in Tourism Industry

  • Kairzhan MENDIGALIEV Faculty of Economics Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan
  • Alexey TSEKHOVOY Faculty of Economics Al-Farabi Kazakh National University, Kazakhstan
  • Zhangul BASSHIEVA Faculty of Economics Aktobe Regional State University named after K.Zhubanov, Kazakhstan
  • Nuradin KUDAIBERGENOV Kazakh Ablai Khan University of International Relations and World Languages, Kazakhstan
  • Yelena TOKAREVA Faculty of Economics Narxoz University, Kazakhstan


In the conditions of the existing competition in the market of innovative products, the requirements for personnel entrusted with the development of a new product or other type of activity are increasing. The need to have effective workers is dictated by the necessity to be the first to present a new product in the market, accordingly, the team working on a specific task should work efficiently, without any loss of time. Eventually, this brings up the question of how can you form an effective team?

This article analyzes the concept and types of an effective team, the signs and characteristics of an effective work team, it pays attention to the managerial and organizational need for an effective team, and the stages of forming an effective team. Analysis of the concepts and methods of personnel management and their applicability to assess the performance of the project team will allow practitioners to more effectively form a project team taking into account interpersonal relations. The formulation of the task of forming a project team considering interpersonal relations of employees is shaped. To assess the optimality of the composition of the team a criterion characterizing the contribution of employees to group interaction is proposed. The methodological role of the principles of complementarity and its place in modern economics is analyzed.


[1] Adizes, I. K. 2016. Managing change. SpB. Peter. 340.
[2] Andrews, M.C. 2017. Group Cohesion as an Enhancement to the Justice–Affective Commitment Relationship. Group & Organization Management, 6(33): 736–755. DOI: 10.1177/1059601108326797.
[3] Baiden, B. K. 2011. The effect of integration on project delivery team effectiveness. International Journal of Project Management, 2(29): 129–136.
[4] Born, M. 1972. Einstein's theory of relativity. Мoscow. Mir. 369.
[5] Bushuyev, S.D., and Reinhard, W.F. 2014. IPMA Delta and IPMA Organisational Competence Baseline (OCB): New approaches in the field of project management maturity. International Journal of Managing Projects in Business, 2(7): 302 – 310.
[6] Caplinska, A., and Ohotina, A. 2019. Analysis of financial literacy tendencies with young people. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues, 6(4): 1736-1749.
[7] Chanceler, P. A. 2016. Self-Managing Work Teams. An empirical study of Group Cohesiveness in ―Natural Work Groups. Small Group Research, 1(34): 101–120. DOI: 10.1177/1046496402239579.
[8] Fizpatrick, E. L. 2015. Forming effective workers teams with multifunctional skill requirements. Journal of Computers & Industrial Engineering, 3 (48): 593–608. DOI: 10.1016/j.cie.2004.12.014.
[9] Hoegl, M. 2016. Teamwork quality and the success of Innovative Projects: a theoretical concept and empirical evidence. Organization Science, 4(12): 435–449.
[10] Imangulova, Z.A., and Kolesnik, L.V. 2016. Algorithm of project team formation in accordance with staff interactions. Eastern European journal of technologies, 3(84): 201-206.
[11] Levin, S.V. 2011. Game theory approach to solving multi criterion tasks of function. Open information and computer integrated technologies, 8(50): 103–110.
[12] Markovskaya, I.M. 2017. Sociometric methods in psychology. Chelyabinsk: UrGU. 146.
[13] Maurer, I. 2017. How to build trust in inter-organizational projects: The impact of project staffing and project rewards on the formation of trust, knowledge acquisition and product innovation. International Journal of Project Management, 7 (28): 629–637.
[14] Sabadosh, L.U. 2013. Method of formation of multipoject teams. Data processing systems, 2 (109): 290–293.
[15] Startseva, N.V., and Artyomov A.V. 2014. Effective model of teamwork - the foundation of the system of motivation and stimulation. Vestnik MIEP, 4 (17): 85–97.
[16] Tseng, T. L. 2014. Novel approach to multifunctional project team formation. International Journal of Project Management, 2(22): 147–159.
[17] Weiss, J. W. 2016. Project Management Process in Early Stage e-Business: Strategies for Leading and Managing Teams. Proceedings of the 34th Annual Hawaii International Conference on System Sciences, DOI: 10.1109/hicss.2001.927158.
[18] Yaroshenko, F.A., and Bushuyev, S.D. 2012. Management of innovative projects and programs based on the P2M knowledge system. Summit-Book. 272.
[19] ***Data of the Committee on Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2014-2018. Available at:
[20] ***Encyclopedia of Chemistry. Available at:
[21] ***Wikipedia, free encyclopedia. Available at:
How to Cite
MENDIGALIEV, Kairzhan et al. Research of the Social Methods of a Project Team Formation and Its Complementarity. Example in Tourism Industry. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 8, p. 1863-1873, feb. 2020. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 27 may 2022. doi: