Man and the Arctic Environment: Parameters of Reciprocal Influence

  • Marina L. BELONOZHKO Department of Marketing and Public Administration Tyumen Industrial University, Russian Federation
  • Oleg M. BARBAKOV Department of Business Informatics and Mathematics Tyumen Industrial University, Russian Federation
  • Lyudmila K. GABISHEVA Department of Marketing and Public Administration Tyumen Industrial University, Russian Federation

Abstract

The paper deals with the analysis of specific parameters of reciprocal influence between man and the Arctic environment, the formulation of the theoretic provisions, as well as the development of the scientific conclusions regarding the definition of the perspectives and peculiarities of the Arctic Region environmental development under conditions of globalization and the world environmental crisis. As the results of the conducted research, the authors revealed and generalized the scientific approaches towards the definition of the legal status of the Arctic; stated the legal contents and the meaning of the basic environmental standards and programs of the international legislation regarding the Arctic Region; considered the spheres of influence of the states on the Arctic territory and on the environmental situation of this region in general; characterized the environmental conditions for living of the Arctic population; and defined the nature of the adverse anthropogenic effect on the environment of the investigated region. The analysis of the literature helped to formulate the theoretical conclusions, to develop the practical recommendations and to forecast the long-run perspectives and peculiarities of the Arctic environmental development. It is substantiated that the reciprocal influence between man and the environment in the territory of the Arctic Region moves towards a qualitatively new stage, which forces the states to adopt the strategical decisions in the sphere of the reclamation of the Arctic Region only considering the preservation of the ecosystem, provision of the proper living quality of the Arctic population, as well as the environmentalization of all the kinds of economic activities in the region. The paper contains the scientific substantiation and proposes the development of the Concept of Sustainable Development and Preservation of the Ecosystem for the Arctic Region, which will also include the monitoring system for the condition of the Arctic.

References

[1] Agreement between the governments in the Barents euroarctic region on cooperation within the field of emergency prevention, preparedness and response. Available at: https://www.barentsinfo.fi/beac/docs/Agreement_Emergency_Prevention_Preparedness_and_Response_English.pdf
[2] Agreement on cooperation on aeronautical and maritime search and rescue in the Arctic. Available at: http://www.ifrc.org/docs/idrl/N813EN.pdf
[3] Agreement on Cooperation on Marine Oil Pollution Preparedness and Response in the Arctic. Available at: https://oaarchive.arctic-council.org/bitstream/handle/11374/529/EDOCS-2068-v1-ACMMSE08_KIRUNA_2013_agreement_on_oil_pollution_preparedness_and_response_signedAppendices_Original_130510.PDF
[4] Agreement on Enhancing International Arctic Scientific Cooperation Available at: https://www.state.gov/documents/organization/271057.pdf
[5] Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears. Available at: http://pbsg.npolar.no/en/agreements/agreement1973.html
[6] Alekseev, G.V. 2015. The manifestation and strengthening of global warming in the Arctic. Fundamental and Applied Climatology, 1: 11–26.
[7] Alexandrov, O.B. 2013. Who will ensure the security of the Arctic? Bulletin of MGIMO University, 2 (29): 18–23.
[8] Arctic Council addresses meteorological cooperation and connectivity during week of events in Finland. Available at: http://www.arctic-council.org/index.php/en/our-work2/8-news-and-events/486-sao-levi-2018-02
[9] Arctic Council. Official information. Available at: http://www.arctic-council.org/index.php/en/
[10] Axworthy, T.S. 2013. The Arctic Council is the best way for Canada to resolve its territorial disputes. The Globe and Mail 24: 7.
[11] Chilingarov, A.N. 2011. The role of the Arctic Council in the development of international Arctic cooperation. Arctic: Ecology and Economy, 3: 12–15.
[12] Chistyukhina, S.N. 2008. Protection of the Arctic environment (international legal aspect). Bulletin of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia. Series: Jurisprudence, 2: 94–100.
[13] Dzhunusova, D.N. 2010. On the Improvement of Domestic Legislation in the Sphere of Prevention of Pollution of Arctic Waters in the Process of Development of the Continental Shelf. Actual problems of economics and law, 4: 232–236.
[14] Huntington, H. 2018. When a Maximum is Minimum: What Low Sea Ice Extent Means for the Arctic. Available at: https://oceanconservancy.org/blog/2018/03/27/maximum-minimum-low-sea-ice-extent-means-arctic/
[15] Ivanov, I.S. 2013a. Proposals to the road map for the development of the international legal framework for Russia's cooperation in the Arctic. Moscow: Speckniga.
[16] Ivanov, I.S. 2013b. Arctic region: Problems of international cooperation. Moscow: Aspect Press.
[17] Jacobson, M. 2010. Cooperation in the Arctic Region: Legal Aspects. Paper presented at the Swedish – Finish Cultural Center, 8 November.
[18] Kapitonov, I.A., and Voloshin, V.I. 2017. Strategic directions for increasing the share of renewable energy sources in the structure of energy consumption. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 7(4): 90-98.
[19] Kattsov, V.M., and Porfiryev B.N. 2012. Climatic changes in the Arctic: consequences for the environment and the economy. Arctic: Ecology and Economy, 2(6): 66–79.
[20] Kharlampieva, N.K., and Lagutina M.L. 2010. International cooperation in the Arctic: the ecological and political aspect. Society. Wednesday. Development (Terra Humana), 3: 212–217.
[21] Khludneva, N.I. 2015. Prospects for the development of legal protection of Arctic ecosystems. Journal of Russian Law 11: 114–122.
[22] Lukin, Yu.F. 2014. Status, composition, population of the Russian Arctic. Arctic and North, 15: 57–94.
[23] Mednikov, V.A. 2016. International cooperation in the Arctic: new challenges and vectors of development. The Polar Code. An attempt at critical thinking. Moscow: Association of International Maritime Law, October 13. Available at: http://russiancouncil.ru/common/upload/6_Mednikov.pdf.
[24] Mikhina, I.N. 2003. The international legal regime of the Arctic sea areas. Author thesis … Candidate of Juridical Sciences. Moscow: Chernomorniiproekt.
[25] Movchan, A.P. 1972. Codification and progressive development of international law. Moscow: Yuridicheskaya literatura.
[26] Naval Doctrine of the Russian Federation. Available at: http://www.nti.org/media/pdfs/1_16.pdf?_=1317229205
[27] Nuuk Declaration on Environment and Development in the Arctic. Available at: http://iea-archive.uoregon.edu/pages/MarineMammals/engine/research/1-0279-0287htm_1.htm
[28] Ottawa Declaration. 1996. Available at: https://oaarchive.arctic-council.org/handle/11374/85
[29] Pegin, N.A. 2016. National Arctic Transport Line: Problems and Prospects. Arctic and North, 23: 32– 40.
[30] Pilyasov, A.N. 2015. The potential of the Russian Arctic for international cooperation. Moscow: Spetskniga.
[31] Plisetskiy, E.E. 2016. Priorities for the development of the Northern Sea Route in strategic management and planning. Arctic and North, 22: 101–111.
[32] Podberezkin, A.I., Rusakova Yu.A. 2012. The main actors of world politics and negotiators. International security as a consequence of the ideological paradigm of world development. Moscow: MGIMO-University.
[33] Revich, B.A. 2008. The impact of global climate change on the health of the population of the Russian Arctic. Available at: http://www.unrussia.ru/sites/default/files/doc/Arctic-ru.pdf
[34] Rothwell, D.R. 1995. International law and the Protection of the Arctic Environment. International & Comparative Law Quarterly, 44(2): 280–312.
[35] Savage, L.Ch. 2013. Why everyone wants a piece of the Arctic. Maclean's. Rogers Digital Media, May 13.
[36] Shelomentsev, V.N. 2015. Legal aspects of the development and protection of the Arctic. Scientific Bulletin of the Moscow State Technical University, 216: 113–117.
[37] Strategy for the development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation and ensuring national security until 2020. Available at: http://static.government.ru/media/files/2RpSA3sctElhAGn4RN9dHrtzk0A3wZm8.pdf
[38] The climate in the Arctic has impact worldwide. Available at: http://www.npolar.no/en/themes/climate/climate-change/global-climate-change/the-climate-in-the-arctic-has-impact-worldwide.html
[39] The Fundamentals of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic for the Period to 2020 and Further Prospects, approved by the President of the Russian Federation on September 18. 2008. Available at: http://docs.cntd.ru/document/902149373
[40] The Negative Impacts of Globalization on the Environment Avialable at: https://bizfluent.com/info-8564715-negative-impacts-globalization-environment.html
[41] United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. Available at: http://www.un.org/depts/los/convention_agreements/texts/unclos/unclos_e.pdf
[42] Ushakov, D., Akhmetova, S.G., Nevskaya, L.V. (2017). Economic growth and environmental performance: Correlation issues and future priorities. International Journal of Ecological Economics and Statistics, 38(4): 164-172.
[43] Vylegzhanin, A.N. 2012. International cooperation in the field of environmental protection, conservation and rational management of biological resources in the Arctic Ocean. Materials of the International Scientific Symposium, September 4, in Moscow, Russian Federation.
[44] Zhudro, I.S. 2014. Normally-legal norms as a component of the unique, historically developed status of the Arctic. Bulletin of the Northern (Arctic) Federal University, 6: 110–118.
Published
2018-12-30
How to Cite
BELONOZHKO, Marina L.; BARBAKOV, Oleg M.; GABISHEVA, Lyudmila K.. Man and the Arctic Environment: Parameters of Reciprocal Influence. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 5, p. 955-966, dec. 2018. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/2585>. Date accessed: 20 jan. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v9.5(29).07.