Peculiarities of Thunderstorms’ Occurrences on the Border of the Western Siberia Plains and Altai Mountains

  • Nina A. KOCHEEVA Department of Geography, Gorno-Altaisk State University(GASU), Russian Federation
  • Muhabat H. CHANKIBAEVA Department of Geography, Gorno-Altaisk State University (GASU), Russian Federation
  • Aleksandr I. MINAEV Department of Geography, Gorno-Altaisk State University (GASU) 649000, 1 Lenkin Str., Gorno-Altaisk, Russian Federation
  • Maria G. SUKHOVA Department of Geography, Gorno-Altaisk State University (GASU) Laboratory of Landscape Water and Ecological Researches and Environmental Management Institute of Water and Environmental Problems of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Science 656038, 1 Molodezhnaya Str., Barnaul, Russian Federation
  • Anton A. MODOROV Department of Geography, Gorno-Altaisk State University(GASU) 649000, 1 Lenkin Str., Gorno-Altaisk, Russian Federation

Abstract

Mountains of Altai are characterized by the greatest elevation in the Siberian region, creating an obstacle for Western air masses transfer. This fact determines the diversity of micro-climatic conditions. Complex climatic and geomorphologic factors create the variety of storms in certain regions of the mountainous country. At the same time, the climate and the weather in the mountains of Altai is the product of processes of general atmospheric circulation. Any economic activity feels the risk during storms. The airport on the territory of the Altai Republic which receives a lot of passengers, especially in the summer, operates again. Therefore, it is rational to conduct the study of the relationship of thunderstorm activity with cyclonic activity, which was the purpose of the study, on the Northern slopes of the Altai, where the airport and the weather station are situated. The results of the study allowed identifying the periods of thunderstorms’ manifestation on the border of the plains of Western Siberia and the Altai Mountains, as well as their confinement to the frontal phenomena.

References

[1] Agarkov, S.I., Druzhinin, I.P., Reznikova, A.V. 1980. Patterns and prediction of natural phenomena. Moscow: Nauka.
[2] Alekhina, N.M. 1979. The use of cycles in the forecast of thunderstorms. Proc. Zap. Sib. REGMI 45: 120-124.
[3] Arabadji, W.I. 1960. The Thunderstorm and lightning processes. Minsk: publishing house of Belgian-TA.
[4] Belikova, M.Y., Krechetova, S.Y., Kocheeva, N.A. Geyman, T.N. 2013. Estimation of parameters of the atmosphere according to the modis in the days with thunderstorms on the territory of the Republic of Altai. Siberian Tenth meeting on climate-environmental monitoring: proc. ROS. Conf. Tomsk: publishing house of Agap Press, 27-28 pp.
[5] Dmitriev, A.N., Krechetova, S.Y., Kocheeva, N. 2011. Thunderstorms and forest fires from thunderstorms on the territory of the Republic of Altai. Gorno-Altaisk: RIO Gaga.
[6] Ershova, T.V., Gorbatenko, V.P., Clipova, O.A. 2012. Thermodynamic parameters of the atmosphere in thunderstorms and showers. Bulletin of TSPU (TSPU Bulletin), 7(122): 9-14.
[7] Gijben, M., Dyson, L.L., Loots, M.T. 2017. A Statistical scheme to forecast the Daily Lightning threat over Southern Africa using the unified model. Atmospheric Research, 194: 78-88.
[8] Gorbatenko, V.P. 2003. The Influence of geographic factors of climate and SYNOPTIC processes on storm activity. PhD diss. in Geographic Sciences. St. Petersburg.
[9] Guo, X., Zhang, Q. 2017. Effects of geometrical parameters of two height-unequal adjacent objects on corona discharges from their tips during a thunderstorm. Atmospheric Research, 190: 113-120.
[10] Kocheeva, N.А. 2002. The influence of natural-technogenic systems on protagionist of the Altai Mountains. PhD diss. in Kazan, Candidate of Geologo-Mineralogical Sciences. Tomsk, 18 p.
[11] Konstantinova, D.A. 2013. The Spatial distribution of the parameters of thunderstorm activity and convection over Western Siberia. Author's theses. PhD, Tomsk.
[12] Krechetova, S. 2007. Development of algorithms and software complex for solving problems of storm of fire forests of the Altai Mountains. PhD diss. in Candidate of Physico-Mathematical Sciences. Kazan. Barnaul; Gorno-Altaisk, 20 p.
[13] Krechetova, S.Y., Kocheeva, N.A., Kudryavtsev, N.G., Belikova, Y.M., Geiman, T.N., Gefnider, A.A. 2013. Study of dangerous phenomena (for example thunder) on the territory of the Altai Republic using instrumental data. News of Altai branch of the Russian Geographical Society, 34: 109-113.
[14] Mecikalski, R.M., Carey, L.D. 2016. Lightning characteristics relative to radar, altitude and temperature for a multicell, mcs and supercell over Northern Alabama. Atmospheric Research 191: 128-140.
[15] Ratna, S.B., Ratnam, J.V., Behera, S.K., Yamagata, T., Cherchi, A., Wang, W. 2017. The unusual wet summer (July) of 2014 in Southern Еurope. Atmospheric Research 189: 61- 68.
[16] Ruml, M., Gregorić, E., Vujadinović, M., Matović, G., Vuković, A., Počuča, V., Radovanović, S., Stojičić, D. 2017. Observed changes of temperature extremes in Serbia over the period 1961–2010. Atmospheric Research, 183: 26-41.
[17] Rutjes, C., Camporeale, E., Ebert, U., Buitink, S., Scholten, O., Trinh, G. 2016. Extreme atmospheric electron densities created by extensive air showers. EGU General Assembly 2016, held 17-22 April, 2016 in Vienna Austria, 12201 pp.
[18] Sukhova, M.G. 2009. Bioclimatic conditions of human life in the Altai-Sayan mountain country. Tomsk: Tomsk University Press.
*** Altai: Historical and geographical overview. Available at: https://grani.agni-age.net/articles2/altai.htm. (accessed June 19, 2017).
*** Manual on Aeronautical Meteorology. Available at: http://files.fip.rshu.ru/%D0%7.pdf .
Published
2018-01-03
How to Cite
KOCHEEVA, Nina A. et al. Peculiarities of Thunderstorms’ Occurrences on the Border of the Western Siberia Plains and Altai Mountains. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 5, p. 1061-1068, jan. 2018. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/1607>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v8.5(21).09.