Water Resources of Kalmykia: The Contemporary Aspect

  • Mergen M. SANGADZHIEV Kalmyk State University named after B.B. Gorodovikov, Russian Federation
  • Victor A. ONKAEV Kalmyk State University named after B.B. Gorodovikov, Russian Federation
  • Amina N. BADRUDINOVA Kalmyk State University named after B.B. Gorodovikov, Russian Federation
  • Yuliya S. GERMASHEVA Kalmyk State University named after B.B. Gorodovikov, Russian Federation
  • Adik V. ONKAEV Kalmyk State University named after B.B. Gorodovikov, Russian Federation

Abstract

The article analyzes the current state of surface and groundwater resources in the Western Caspian region, Kalmykia. Geological and geographic characteristics of the investigated region are considered: tectonics and stratigraphy, the influence of relief, meandering processes, wells and springs, river and lake shorelines, reservoirs and canals, tailings, origin of desertification foci, climate. The work uses the data of the conducted expedition routes for recent years, the results of reports of state departmental bodies working in the field of ecology. Stock materials of geological organizations and the work of the students of the Faculty of Engineering and Technology of the Kalmyk State University were also used in the article. According to the results of the research, the current state of water resources in Kalmykia, their shortages for drinking needs and the large mineralization that directly affects the growth and development of flora, fauna, desertification and the health of the population of the republic are determined. Particular attention is paid to the issue of water purification and storage and the role of water influence on nutrition and health of the republic's population. The article can also be used by students, researchers to write final qualification papers.

References

[1] Badmaeva, C.N., Sangadzhiev, M.M. 2013. The impact of Kalmykia's water resources on human health. Caspian Sea Bulletin, 1: 25–30.
[2] Berg, L.S. 1922. Climate and Life. Moscow: Gosizdat.
[3] Gordaeva, K.N., Laglaeva, G.N., Sangadzhiev, M.M. 2014. Energy and natural and climatic zones of Kalmykia: typological requirements for residential buildings at the stages of agricultural construction. Innovations in Agriculture, 3(8): 27–30.
[4] Harchenko, V.M., Dordzhiev, A.G., Sangadzhiev M.M., Dordzhiev A.A. 2012. Engineering-geological zoning of the territory of Kalmykia. Elista: Publishing house of the Kalmyk University.
[5] Lerua, L.Je. 1971. Climate history for 1000 years. St. Peterburg: Hidrometeoisdat.
[6] Morduhaj-Boltovskogo, D.D. 1964. Surface water resources of the USSR: Hydrological study. 8. The Northern Caucasus. St. Petersburg: Gidrometeoizdat.
[7] Oliver, S. 1984. Tectonics and relief. Moscow: Nedra.
[8] Sangadzhiev, M.M. 2015. Sands, dry winds their influence on the ecological situation of the Caspian and Northern Caucasus regions. All-Russia forum with international participation "Ecological and economic potential of the ecosystems of the North Caucasus Federal District, the causes of the current state and the likely ways of sustainable development of the socio-natural complex", Mahachkala, Russian Federation.
[9] Sangadzhiev, M.M. 2014. Geoecological consequences of human economic activity (on the example of the Republic of Kalmykia). Zbior raportow naukowych. “Wspjlczecna nauka. Nove perspektywy”, 61–67 pp.
[10] Sangadzhiev, M.M. 2015. Features of subsoil use in the territory of the Republic of Kalmykia. Elista: Publishing house of the Kalmyk University.
[11] Sangadzhiev, M.M., Degtjarev, K.S., Gordaeva, K.N. 2015. Wind loads in the territory of Kalmykia and the possibility of using wind energy in agriculture. All-Russian Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture Electrification, 2: 189–194.
[12] Sangadzhiev, M.M., Degtjarev, K.S., Mandzhieva, T.V., Namysova A.N. 2014. The current state of the potential of renewable energy resources in the northwestern part of the Caspian Sea region is exemplified by Kalmykia. Science and Business: Ways of Development, 12(42): 7–12.
[13] Sangadzhiev, M.M., Degtjarev, K.S., Onkaev, A.V., Ledzhinov, V.S. 2016. Ergeni Kalmykia: geological and geographical features, problems, future. Geomechanics, Geotechnics, Geoecology, Hydraulic Engineering, 283–289 pp.
[14] Sangadzhiev, M.M., Hohlova, L.I., Seratirova, V.V., Onkaev, V.A. 2014. The edge of the mirages: foci of desertification in the Yashkul region. Republic of Kalmykia. Global Scientific Potential, 6(39): 67–72.
[15] Sangadzhiev, M.M., Jerdniev, O.V., Badrudinova, A.N., Arashaev, A.V. 2016. The water quality factor of Kalmykia water bodies and the health of the population of the Republic of Kalmykia. Geology, Geography and Global energy, 2(61): 70-76.
[16] Sangadzhiev, M.M., Onkaev, V.A., Onkaev, A.V. 2016. The springs and wells are a modern geological and ecological assessment of the state on the territory of the Republic of Kalmykia. Successes of Modern Science, 8(2): 163–169.
Published
2018-01-03
How to Cite
SANGADZHIEV, Mergen M. et al. Water Resources of Kalmykia: The Contemporary Aspect. Journal of Environmental Management and Tourism, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 5, p. 1020-1028, jan. 2018. ISSN 2068-7729. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jemt/article/view/1604>. Date accessed: 25 feb. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jemt.v8.5(21).06.