Activities of the Government of the Ukrainian State in 1918 in Solving the Issue of Unemployment in the Context of Social Exclusion: Structural and Organizational Aspect

Abstract


The purpose of this study is to examine archival materials and historical experience in the fight against unemployment in 1918. To achieve this goal, the following methods were used: archival, statistical, historical, and hermeneutical methods. During the study, various archival data were analysed, which allowed creating an objective and comprehensive picture of social exclusion in a particular period. Additionally, unemployment statistics were reviewed, which revealed a high level of unemployment during the study period. The analysis of historical documents related to the government’s activities during this period led to the conclusion that Pavlo Skoropadskyi and his government took various measures to improve the situation. The Cabinet of Ministers of 1918 created new committees and exchanges aimed at addressing the problems of social exclusion and the economic situation of the population. The study of historical and policy documents for 1918 revealed that their effect was ambivalent, causing both positive and negative aspects in society. On the one hand, the committees helped to overcome social exclusion and stabilize the economic situation by promoting the development of new industries and markets. On the other hand, some measures may have caused negative reactions and conflicts in society, leading to some tension and uncertainty about the country’s future development path.


 

References

[1] Bernardini, Gabriele (2022). Unemployment in Retrospect: Economic Thought on Unemployment in Some Crucial Phases of the History of Economics. Rome: Luiss Guido Carli University. DOI:https://tesi.luiss.it/34790/
[2] Bhat, Rashid M., and Silllalee A/L S. Kandasamy (2023). Concepts and Contexts: The Interplay of Philosophy and History in Understanding Human Society. East Asian Journal of Multidisciplinary Research 2(6): 2581-2590. DOI: https://doi.org/10.55927/eajmr.v2i6.4052
[3] Borbély-Pecze, Tibor B., Lenka Hloušková, and Tomas Šprlák (2022). Career/Lifelong Guidance Systems and Services: Continuous Transformations in a Transition Region. International Journal for Educational and Vocational Guidance 22: 67-91. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10775-021-09473-4
[4] Bridgman, Benjamin, and Ryan Greenaway-McGrevy (2023). The Economic Impact of Social Distancing: Evidence from State-Collected Data during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic. Explorations in Economic History 90: 101531. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.eeh.2023.101531
[5] Çifligu, Eneida (2023). The Role of Trade Unions in Regulating Social and Labour Relations and Shaping National Policy in Latvia. Foreign Affairs 33(5). DOI: https://doi.org/10.46493/2663-2675.33(5).2023.37-44
[6] Dashko, Iryna, and Lubomir Mykhailichenko (2023). Features of the Use of Innovative Technologies in the Personnel Management System. Economic Forum 1(2): 3-10. DOI: 10.36910/6775-2308-8559-2023-2-1
[7] Doroshenko, Dmytro (2002). History of Ukraine, 1917-1923: The Ukrainian Hetman State of 1918. Kyiv: Tempora. Available at: http://resource.history.org.ua/item/0009620
[8] Dudnyk, Olena (2022). Uman District under the Rule of Hetman Pavlo Skoropadskyi. Scientific Papers of the Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsyiubynskyi State Pedagogical University Series History 39: 17-25. DOI:https://doi.org/10.31652/2411-2143-2022-39-17-25
[9] Dyczok, Marta (2000). Ukraine. Movement without Change, Change without Movement. London: Routledge. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4324/9781315080000
[10] Eckhard, Jan (2022). Gender Differences in the Social Consequences of Unemployment: How Job Loss Affects the Risk of Becoming Socially Isolated. Work, Employment and Society 36(1): 3-20. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1177/0950017020967903
[11] Gabbuti, Giacomo (2021). Labor Shares and Inequality: Insights from Italian Economic History, 1895-1970. European Review of Economic History 25(2): 355-378. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ereh/heaa010
[12] Gregory, Denis, and Christine Noble (1982). Trades Unions and Special Measures for the Young Unemployed. In: Youth Unemployment and State Intervention. London: Routledge. Available at: https://www.taylorfrancis.com/chapters/edit/10.4324/9781003308591-6/trades-unions-special-measures-young-unemployed-denis-gregory-christine-noble?context=ubxandrefId=7db1736c-75a3-482a-8b58-90dbc833eab6
[13] Hai-Nyzhnyk, Pavlo (2007). The Ministry of Labour of the Ukrainian State and the Labour Legislation of the Hetmanate of 1918 in the Light of Unknown Documents. In: Collection of Scientific Papers of the Research Institute of Ukrainian Studies (pp. 325-350). Kyiv: Printing Centre ‘Foliant’. Available at: https://hai-nyzhnyk.in.ua/doc/122doc.php
[14] Haliv, Mykola, Taras Batyuk, and Dmytro Shykitka (2023). Activities of Ukrainian Public Organizations in Drohobych County in the Conditions of the Revival of Ukrainian Statehood (1918-1919): According to the Materials of the Newspaper ‘Drohobytsky Lystok’ (‘Drohobych Leaf’). Scientific Papers of the Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsyiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Series History 46: 86-93. DOI:https://doi.org/10.31652/2411-2143-2023-46-86-93
[15] Korniyenko, Olga (2020). Social Policy on Ukrainian Lands: Historical and Legal Aspect. Legal Bulletin of ‘Krok’ University 38: 34-42. Available at: https://lbku.krok.edu.ua/index.php/krok-university-law-journal/article/view/244
[16] Kučera, Rudolf (2016). Rationed life: Science, Everyday Life, and Working-Class Politics in the Bohemian Lands, 1914-1918. New York, Oxford: Berghahn Books. Available at: https://www.degruyter.com/document/doi/10.1515/9781785331299/html
[17] Liu, Yifei (2021). The High Unemployment Rate in Britain during the Interwar Period. In: The Fourth International Conference on Social Science, Public Health and Education. Huhhot: EDP Sciences. Available at: https://www.shs-conferences.org/articles/shsconf/abs/2021/34/shsconf_ssphe2021_01027/shsconf_ssphe2021_01027.html
[18] Maksimović, Marijana, and Jelena Zvezdanović Lobanova (2022). Employment, Unemployment and Inequalities – Current Challenges. In: International Scientific Conference ‘Towards a Better Future: Visions of Justice, Equality, and Politics’ (pp. 142-154). Bitola: University St. Kliment Ohridski. Available at: http://iriss.idn.org.rs/1223/
[19] Melnychuk, Оleh, Olha Murashova, and Ruslan Prylypko (2023). Activities of State Authorities to Overcome Unemployment in the Ukrainian SSR in the 1920s. Scientific Papers of the Vinnytsia Mykhailo Kotsyiubynskyi State Pedagogical University, Series History 46: 34-42. Available at: https://vspu.net/nzhist/index.php/nzhist/article/view/922
[20] Pyrig, Ruslan Ya., and Fedir M. Prodanyuk (1992). Pavlo Skoropadskyi: Touches to a Political Portrait. Ukrainian Historical Journal 9: 91-105. Available at: http://resource.history.org.ua/cgi-bin/eiu/history.exe?I21DBN=EJRNandP21DBN=EJRNandS21REF=10andS21CNR=20andS21STN=1andS21FMT=ASP_metaandC21COM=Sand2_S21P03=IDP=and2_S21STR=journal_1992_9_91
[21] Ramskyi, Andriy (2021). Ways to Overcome Poverty and Income Inequality in the Context of New Global Challenges: The Most Important Conclusions for Ukraine. Comparative Economic Research. Central and Eastern Europe 24(3): 53-73. Available at: https://www.ceeol.com/search/article-detail?id=982579
[22] Reci, Senada, and Gasper Kokaj (2023). Legal Framework of Professional Mobility in the EU. Social and Legal Studios 6(3): 135-42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.32518/sals3.2023.135
[23] She, Bibi, Siva Shankar Ramasamy, and Piang-or Loahavilai (2024). Based on Data: Assessing the Impact of the ‘Double Reduction’ Policy on the Local Economy. Scientific Bulletin of Mukachevo State University. Series ‘Economics’ 11(1): 83-91. DOI: https://doi.org/10.52566/msu-econ1.2024.83
[24] Terlyuk, Іvan (2020). Establishment of Ukrainian National Legislation in the Domain of Social and Economic Relations (1917-1921). Law of Ukraine 1: 180-196. Available at: https://pravoua.com.ua/en/store/pravoukr/pravo_2020_1/pravo_2020_1-s11/
[25] Vasylyeva, Olena, Lidiia Horoshkova, and Svitlana Shvydka (2023). The Imbalance of the Labor Market in Ukraine: Current Trends and Guidelines for Overcoming Disproportions. University Economic Bulletin 18(2): 99-109. DOI: https://doi.org/10.31470/2306-546X-2023-57-99-109
[26] Velde, François R. (2022). What Happened to the U.S. Economy during the 1918 Influenza Pandemic? A View through High-Frequency Data. The Journal of Economic History, 82(1): 284-326. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022050722000055
[27] Velychenko, Stephen (2011). State Building in Revolutionary Ukraine: A Comparative Study of Governments and Bureaucrats, 1917-1922. Toronto: University of Toronto Press. DOI:https://doi.org/10.3138/9781442686847
[28] Verba, Snizhana (2022). Legal Regulation of Scientific Activities during the Hetmanate of Pavlo Skoropadskyi in 1918. Scientific Notes. Series: Law 13: 19-23. Available at: https://pravo.cusu.edu.ua/index.php/pravo/article/view/198
[29] Verstyuk, Vladislav, Olena Dzyuba, and Volodymyr Reprintsev (1995). Ukraine From the Earliest Times to the Present: A Chronological Guide. Kyiv: Scientific Thought. Available at: http://resource.history.org.ua/item/0001278
[30] Yablonskyi, Vasyl (2023). Formation and Transformation of Political Regime of the Ukrainian People’s Republic Directory at the End of 1918-1919. Kyiv Historical Studies 16(1): 73-83. DOI:https://doi.org/10.28925/2524-0757.2023.18
[31] Document No. 3300-18 ‘Letter to the Entire Ukrainian Nation’. (1918). Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/n0003300-18#Text
[32] The Central State Archive of Higher Authorities and Administration of Ukraine. (1918). Available at: https://tsdavo.gov.ua/?s=%D0%A6%D0%94%D0%90%D0%92%D0%9E%2C+%D0%A4.+1064
Published
2024-06-28
How to Cite
KHOMENKO, Olena. Activities of the Government of the Ukrainian State in 1918 in Solving the Issue of Unemployment in the Context of Social Exclusion: Structural and Organizational Aspect. Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields, [S.l.], v. 15, n. 2, p. 207-216, june 2024. ISSN 2068-7710. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/tpref/article/view/8461>. Date accessed: 13 july 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505/tpref.v15.2(30).05.