Aims and Scope

Many economists today are concerned by the proliferation of journals and the concomitant labyrinth of research to be conquered to reach the specific information they require. To combat this tendency, Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields has been conceived and designed outside the realm of the traditional economics journal. It consists of concise communications that provide a means of rapid and efficient dissemination of new results, models, and methods in all fields of economic research. Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields publishes original articles in all branches of economics – theoretical and empirical, abstract and applied, providing wide-ranging coverage across the subject area. The journal promotes research that aims at the unification of the theoretical-quantitative and the empirical-quantitative approach to economic problems and that are penetrated by constructive and rigorous thinking. It explores a unique range of topics from the frontier of theoretical developments in many new and important areas, to research on current and applied economic problems, to methodologically innovative, theoretical, and applied studies in economics.

The aim of Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields is to enable economists to address issues appropriate to the current global public situation and articles that innovatively link ideas from various branches of economics. At the same time, Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields aims to challenge authors who can bring perspectives from other disciplines (philosophy, technology, mathematics, history, ecology, etc.) to economics. We consider that the promotion of interdisciplinarity is a defining element of the progress of knowledge.

The interaction between practical work and economic policy is an important feature of the journal. The primary aim of the Journal has been and remains the provision of a forum for the dissemination of a variety of international issues, scientific research, and other matters of interest to researchers and practitioners in a diversity of subject areas linked to the broad theme of economic sciences.

Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields publishes original articles in all branches of economics - theoretical and empirical, abstract and applied, providing wide-ranging coverage across the subject area. 

The journal promotes research that aims at the unification of the theoretical-quantitative and the empirical-quantitative approach to economic problems and that are penetrated by constructive and rigorous thinking. It explores a unique range of topics from the frontier of theoretical developments in many new and important areas, to research on current and applied economic problems, to methodologically innovative, theoretical and applied studies in economics. The interaction between empirical work and economic policy is an important feature of the journal.

Therefore, Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields is a peer-reviewed international journal published biannually online with open access and aims to disseminate the theoretical and pragmatic results of scientific research in the economic or related fields.

The journal should be of interest to a broad interdisciplinary audience including academics, practitioners, business managers and consultants.

Open access statement
Open access refers to making content available to readers without charge and giving the permission of the copyright owner to reuse content. In the current context of publishing in international journals, either in the traditional system or in the Open Access system, it becomes essential to know your rights as an author, but also the ways in which the articles written by you can be used by a third party.
Treatment of copyright in the digital environment is evolving at an unprecedented rate. Copyright exists to protect the rights of an owner of an original piece of work by imposing restrictions on reuse, but it does not always fit well with how we use and share information in the digital sphere.

Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields is a Gold Open Access Journal. To provide gold open access, this journal has a publication fee (Article Publishing Charge - APC) which needs to be met by the authors or their research funders for each article published open access. This ensures your article will be immediately and permanently free to access by everyone. APCs enable the long-term stability of our program, and facilitate equal opportunity to seek, share and create knowledge that benefits all society without restriction. Article Publishing Charge is 500 euro. 
Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields’ articles are published under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License BB CY, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original authors and the source are credited.

Copyright statement
Under the Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields Non-Exclusive License Agreement and Publishing Agreement, authors of the articles published in Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields retain copyright on their articles, except for any third-party images and other materials added by ASERS Publishing or/ and Editor in Chief of Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields, which are subject to copyright of their respective owners. Authors are therefore free to disseminate and re-publish their articles, subject to any requirements of third-party copyright owners and subject to the original publication being fully cited. As an author or contributor, you grant permission to others to reproduce your articles, including any graphics and third-party materials supplied by you, in accordance with the Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields Publishing Agreement.

Abstracting and Indexing: Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields is indexed in SCOPUSEBSCORePECProQuest, and CEEOL databases.

Other information regarding the publication process (publication fee, withdrawal of an article, etc.) can be found in the documents below.

Publishing Agreement

Template for Authors

Non-Exclusive License Agreement

eISSN: 2068-7710
 
Publishing schedule: Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields is a quarterly journal published in March, June, September and December.
 
Acceptance rate: 58%
Percentage of submitted articles accepted during a calendar year; the total number of articles accepted out of the total number of articles submitted in the same year.
 
Journal's official e-mailtpref@aserspublishing.eu
 
Office address: 7, Eugeniu Carada Street, Craiova, Dolj County, 200390, Romania.
 
Ownership and management
Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields is a quarterly journal published by ASERS Publishing, an online academic publisher established in 2010.
 
Publishing Licenses
We aim to provide the best choice of user license options, which define how readers can reuse open access articles published on our platforms.
ASERS Publishing, the Owner, and users have non-exclusive rights to the ‘Article’ under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0). ‘Article’ means the manuscript submitted by the Author(s) for publication in the Journal (including any embedded rich media) and all subsequent versions. The definition of ‘Article’ does not extend to any supporting information submitted with or referred to in the ‘Article’ (‘Supporting Information’). To the extent that any Supporting Information is submitted to the Journal, the Owner is granted a perpetual, non-exclusive license to publish, republish, transmit, sell, distribute and otherwise use this Supporting Information in whole or in part in electronic and print editions of the Journal and in derivative works throughout the world, in all languages and in all media of expression now known or later developed, and to license or permit others to do so.
Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to complete a 'Non-exclusive License Agreement' where authors will retain copyright.
The publishing license is under the Attribution 4.0 International Public License (CC BY 4.0).
 
Editorial Board

Editor in Chief:  PhD Laura Ungureanu, Spiru Haret University, Romania (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7455-567X)

Editorial Advisory Board:

Aleksandar Vasilev, International Business School, University of Lincoln, United Kingdom (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3956-6314)
Germán Martinez Prats, Juárez Autonomous University of Tabasco, Mexic (https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6371-448X)
Alessandro Morselli, University of Rome Sapienza, Italy (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0354-2708)
The Kien Nguyen, Vietnam National University, Vietnam (https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8994-5585)
Emerson Abraham Jackson, Bank of Sierra Leone, Sierra Leone (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2802-6152)
Tamara Todorova, American University in Bulgaria, Bulgaria (https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5598-3815)
Fatoki Olawale Olufunso, University of Limpopo, South Africa (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1539-8333)
Mădălina Constantinescu, Spiru Haret University, Romania (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4911-9435)
Esmaeil Ebadi, Gulf University for Science and Technology, Kuwait (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2092-561X)
Alessandro Saccal, Independent researcher, Italy (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0324-4524)
Lesia Kucher, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Ukraine (https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7112-8763)
Hardy Hanappi, VIPER - Vienna Institute for Political Economy Research, Austria (https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5394-4919)
Philippe Boyer, Académie d’Agriculture de France, France (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6348-7966)
Nazaré da Costa Cabral, Center for Research in European, Economic, Financial and Tax Law (CIDEEFF) of the University of Lisbon, Portugal (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7070-4236)
Jumadil Saputra, University of Malaysia Terengganu, Malaysia (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2919-5756)
Malika Neifar, Institute of Higher Commercial Studies (IHEC), University of Sfax, Tunisia (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2014-010X)
Michael Emmett Brady, California State University, Dominguez Hills, United States (https://csudh.academia.edu/MichaelBrady)
Mina Fanea-Ivanovici, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2921-2990)
Bakhyt Altynbassov, University of Bristol, United Kingdom (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4142-4315)
Theodore Metaxas, University of Thessaly, Greece (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6781-1401)
Elia Fiorenza, University of Calabria, Italy (https://scholar.google.com/citations?hl=en&user=WBpinPQAAAAJ)
Cristina Barbu, Spiru Haret University, Romania (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0787-6980)
Joanna Próchniak, University of Gdańsk, Poland (https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1096-3196)

Publication Ethics and Publication Malpractice Statement

Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields is committed to pursuing the highest standards of probity and the elimination of malpractice in research presented within this journal. Journal's ethics and malpractice statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.

The prevention of publication malpractice is a major objective of the editorial team of ASERS Publishing and Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields and is the responsibility of every author, editor, reviewer, publisher and institution. Another important objective of our editorial activity is to identify and take all the legal and ethical measures to solve all the issues regarding: allegations and misconduct, authorship and contributorship, complaints and appeals, conflicts of interests and competing interests, in accordance with the best editorial practices and COPE guidelines on publication ethics and malpractice.
Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields’ editors and reviewers are committed to pursuing the highest standards of probity and the elimination of malpractice in research presented within this journal.

1. Allegations of misconduct
ASERS Publishing’s Editors in Chief adopted COPE’s guideline in sharing of information among editors-in-chief (EICs) regarding cases of suspected misconduct and are agreed that this can play a significant role in preserving the integrity of the scientific record, allowing EICs of affected journals to conduct investigations with greater efficiency and effectiveness.

2. Authorship and contributorship
In order to manage potential disputes and to assure transparency around who contributed to the work and in what capacity, all our authors will sign the Non-Exclusive License Agreement, Credit Authorship Contribution Statement and the Publishing Agreement which stipulates in an accurate way the contribution of each author. If the ‘Article’ was prepared jointly with other authors, the corresponding author have informed the co-author(s) of the terms of the Non-Exclusive License Agreement and that he/she is signing on their behalf as their agent, and represent that he/ she is authorized to do so.

3. Changes to authorship
Authors are expected to consider carefully the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original submission. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a change, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author: (a) the reason for the change in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or removed.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.

4. Complaints and appeals
Complains and appeals should be sent to apg@aserspublishing.eu 
The Editor in Chief of Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields will analyse the complaints/ appeal and will send a resolution regarding the signalled aspects with concrete measures that will be implemented in order to solve the situation in no more than 1 week, after the consultation with Editorial Board of ASERS Publishing and Editorial Advisory Board of the Journal. Moreover, responses should be neutral and based on facts, indicating the intended action. If the investigation finds that the concern is valid, the Editor in Chief will follow the appropriate COPE guidance for dealing with the issue. We consider also that it is important to respect the correspondent’s right to anonymity.

5. Conflicts of interest
The journal requires that all authors disclose any potential sources of conflict of interest. Any interest or relationship, financial or otherwise that might be perceived as influencing an author's objectivity is considered a potential source of conflict of interest. These must be disclosed when directly relevant or directly related to the work that the authors describe in their manuscript. Potential sources of conflict of interest include but are not limited to: patent or stock ownership, membership of a company board of directors, membership of an advisory board or committee for a company, and consultancy for or receipt of speaker's fees from a company. The existence of a conflict of interest does not preclude publication. If the authors have no conflict of interest to declare, they must also state this at submission. It is the responsibility of the corresponding author to review this policy with all authors and collectively to disclose with the submission ALL pertinent commercial and other relationships.
Authors should complete the declaration of competing interest statement using this template of Declaration of competing interests and upload it to the submission system. Declaration of competing interests
Funding
Authors should list all funding sources in the Acknowledgments section. Authors are responsible for the accuracy of their funder designation. If in doubt, please check the Open Funder Registry for the correct nomenclature: https://www.crossref.org/services/funder-registry/. Please include the grant number(s) alongside the names of any sponsors.

6. Data and reproducibility
Data sharing enables others to reuse the results of experiments and supports the creation of new science that is built on previous findings, making the research process more efficient. Data sharing also supports transparency and reproducibility, building trust in science. Editors of ASERS Publishing and Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields are a key role in supporting researchers who want to store, share, discover, and reuse data, and we are committed to working with other stakeholders to address challenges in making data more effective.
Although much research data is disseminated as part of journal articles, a host of other data is not made available through article publication. This policy concerns research data that often underlies, but exists outside of research articles. Publishers can help make this hidden data discoverable and our research data policy provides the framework for our support and engagement in this important area. The precise notion of what constitutes research data will differ from field to field, but, broadly speaking, it refers to the result of observations or experimentations that validate research findings, and which are not already published as part of a journal article. Research data can include, but are not limited to: raw data, processed data, software, algorithms, protocols, methods, and materials.
The following principles underpin Editor’s research data policy: research data should be made available free of charge to all researchers wherever possible and with minimal reuse restrictions; researchers should remain in control of how and when their research data is accessed and used, and should be recognized and valued for the investments they make in creating their research data and making it available; expectations and practices around research data vary between disciplines and discipline-specific requirements need to be taken into account; enabling effective reuse of research data is a shared aim and all stakeholders should work together to pursue this collectively, to find efficiencies and avoid duplication of effort; platforms, publications, tools and curation services can enhance research data by improving their discoverability, use, reuse and citation; where others add value and/or incur significant cost in enhancing research data to enable its reuse, these contributions need to be recognized and valued.

7. Ethical oversight
ASERS Publishing and Editorial Board of Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields act accordingly with policies on consent to publication, publication on vulnerable populations, ethical conduct of research using animals, ethical conduct of research using human subjects, handling confidential data and ethical business/marketing practices.

8. Trade Sanctions and Publishing
ASERS Publishing is committed to the principles of freedom of expression and we believe strongly in the international dimension of science. Sharing information about science and health improves lives and creates new insight and value. We acknowledge that governments have legitimate interests in promoting human rights, security and terrorism concerns, the rule of law, and preventing the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction. We are committed to finding a balance between these interests, which will sometimes involve challenging government over-reach or over-interpretation.

9. Intellectual property
Journal’s policies on intellectual property are specified in Publishing Agreement, including copyright and publishing licenses. Moreover, the authors will sign Non-Exclusive License Agreement.

10. Post-publication discussions
Editorial Board of the Journal encourage debates post publication through letters to the Editor in Chief, and if the situation require, we will apply our mechanisms for correcting, revising or retracting articles after publication.
All ASERS Publishing's Journals adopt the COPE guidelines on publication ethics http://publicationethics.org/resources/code-conduct.
Editorial staff of Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields apply in their current activities and publishing practice the COPE's Principles of Transparency and Best Practice in Scholarly Publishing.

Malpractice Statement of ASERS Publishing
ASERS Publishing is committed to pursuing the highest standards of probity and the elimination of malpractice in research presented within own journals.
It is ultimately the responsibility of the editors-in-chief to ensure that this policy is disseminated to all and followed through. If any third party believes that malpractice has occurred, they are encouraged to contact the Editors-in-Chief of the journal.
Where malpractice has been found to occur, the article in question will be removed from the journal. Individuals found to have deliberately undertaken actions that result in malpractice will be excluded from publishing in the Journal in the future.

Publication malpractice statement
Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields is committed to pursuing the highest standards of probity and the elimination of malpractice in research presented within this journal. Journal's ethics and malpractice statement is based on COPE’s Best Practice Guidelines for Journal Editors.
All ASERS Publishing's Journals adopt the COPE guidelines on publication ethics http://publicationethics.org/resources/code-conduct.

The review process 

The review process and publication flow can take up to 12 weeks, sometimes even longer. The aim of the review process is to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the article, in terms of originality, interest, up-to-dateness, coherence, and balanced argumentation. As such, all manuscripts submitted to Journal of Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields go through a two-step double-blind peer review process.
The publishing and review processes consist in 11 steps:
Step 1 – the author registers in the platform and submits the complete manuscript in .doc or .docx format. at https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/tpref/user/register Submitted Manuscript will be assigned a manuscript number. Occasionally, journal may accept submissions by email.
Step 2 – Check the composition and arrangement of the paper according to the Journal Author's Guide to make sure it includes the necessary sections and stylizations.
Step 3 - Manuscript submitted by registered author will be checked by the Editor in Chief. The Editor in Chief screens the manuscript with iThenticate software in order to find similarities. At this time the article may be rejected without being reviewed any further if not fulfilling the standard research criteria, if it not consistent with the aims and scope of our journal or has similarities with other articles in the field.
Step 4 – Peer review process will be started, and manuscript will be sent to two reviewers (manuscript may be rejected if reviewer comments are indicating the poor research quality). The two reviewers are chosen from the list of 26 reviewers registered in our platform, depending on the field of the article. The review is then submitted to the journal, with a recommendation to accept or reject it – or else with a request for revision (usually flagged as either major or minor) before it is reconsidered.
Step 5 – After the external doubly-masked peer review of a manuscript, the corresponding author will receive an email in which she/he will be informed of the status of the manuscript and reviewer’s comment/s.
Step 6 – If the manuscript is accepted for publication the author/s has to submit the revised manuscript to the Editor in Chief and the manuscript checked by one of the reviewers (may be rejected if not satisfying the reviewer’s queries). The authors could see from our Platform, by login in, in real time the stage of their manuscript, assuring a transparent review process.
Step 7 – Revised Manuscript will be accepted for publication.
Step 8 – The author completes and signs the copyright form and publishing agreement
Step 9 – Galley proof will be formed for the author/s approval and it will be sent back to author/s.
Step 10 – Manuscript typesetting and final editing process will be started based on the author/s feedback.
Step 11 – Manuscript will be published after the final approval from the author/s.

The Editorial Board takes responsibility for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, policies of the journal editorial board and legal restraint acting against plagiarism, libel and copyright infringement.
Publishing and review timeline:
1. Time to First Decision (Steps 1 - 3 of publication and review processes): 3 weeks.
The average number of weeks it takes for an article to go from manuscript submission to the initial decision on the article, including standard and desk rejects. It includes also the plagiarism check-up with Similarity Check via iThenticate.
2. Review Time (Steps 4 - 5 of publication and review processes): 6 weeks.
The average number of weeks it takes for an article to go through the editorial review process for this journal, including standard and desk rejects.
3. Publication Time (Steps 7 - 11 of publication and review processes): 3 weeks
The average number of weeks it takes to reach from manuscript acceptance to the online publication of the article (with DOI, How to cite system and Bibliographic metadata).

Join us as reviewer 
ASERS Publishing invites the interested scholars to contribute into ASERS Publishing’s research network by joining us as a part of Editorial Board of ASERS Publishing and/or Theoretical and Practical Research in Economic Fields for its scientific double blind peer-reviewed journals and books' collections.
Interested applicants must submit register in pour website as reviewer, copletting the research areas and send a detailed CV along with a List of Publications at apg@aserspublishing.eu.
Please remember that your help with the review of the papers/ book chapters would be very much appreciated.

Duties of Authors:
• Submitted manuscripts must be the original work of the author(s)
• Only unpublished manuscripts should be submitted.
• It is unethical to submit a manuscript to more than one journal concurrently.
• Any conflict of interest must be clearly stated.
• Acknowledge the sources of data used in the development of the manuscript.
• All errors discovered in the manuscript after submission must be swiftly communicated to the Editor.

Duties of Reviewers:
• That all the manuscripts are reviewed in fairness based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry nor political values of author(s).
• That any observed conflict of interest during the review process must be communicated to the Editor.
• That all information pertaining to the manuscript is kept confidential.
• That any information that may be the reason for the rejection of publication of a manuscript must be communicated to the Editor.

Duties of Editors:
• That all the manuscripts are evaluated in fairness based on the intellectual content of the paper regardless of gender, race, ethnicity, religion, citizenry nor political values of authors.
• Any observed conflict of interest pertaining manuscripts must be disclosed.
• That information pertaining manuscripts are kept confidential.
• The editor should respect the intellectual independence of authors.
The Editorial Board takes responsibility for making publication decisions for submitted manuscripts based on the reviewer’s evaluation of the manuscript, policies of the journal editorial board and legal restrain acting against plagiarism, libel and copyright infringement.

Malpractice Statement of ASERS Publishing 
ASERS Publishing is committed to pursuing the highest standards of probity and the elimination of malpractice in research presented within own journals.
It is ultimately the responsibility of the editors-in-chief to ensure that this policy is disseminated to all and followed through. If any third party believes that malpractice has occurred, they are encouraged to contact the Editors-in-Chief of the journal.
Where malpractice has been found to occur, the article in question will be removed from the journal. Individuals found to have deliberately undertaken actions that result in malpractice will be excluded from publishing in the Journal in the future.