Main Areas of the Implementation of Multiculturalism in Professional Educator Training in the USA

  • Ivan Stepanovich BAKHOV Interregional Academy of Personnel Management, Ukraine


The article raises the problem of professional preparation of future educators in the United States and Canada to work in a multicultural educational environment. Works of American and Canadian scholars dealing with issues of ethnocultural diversity of the educational environment of modern educational institutions and attempts to resolve them from the standpoint of a tolerant attitude in working with multiethnic and multicultural students are analyzed. Analysis of conceptual and empirical studies of American and Canadian authors, which until now have not been highlighted in the domestic press, is carried out. It is shown that teacher training programs at US colleges and universities, the curriculums and the policies of educational institutions have been revised to focus on the diversity of the ethnic composition of students and teachers, and that they reflect the main requirements of the goals and objectives of multicultural education.


[1] Allen, W.G. 1988. Black students in U.S. higher education: Toward improved access, adjustment, and achievement. Urban Review, 20 (3): 165-188.
[2] Altbach, P.G., and Lomotey, K. 1991. The racial crisis in American higher education. Albany: State University of New York Press, ISBN: 0585056714, 275 pp.
[3] Avery, P., and Walker, C. 1993. Prospective teachers’ perceptions of ethnic and gender differences in academic achievement. Journal of Teacher Education, 44 (1): 27-37.
[4] Bakhov, I.S. 2015. Historical dimension to the formation of multicultural education of Canada. Pedagogy Studies / Pedagogika, 117 (1): 7-15, DOI: 10.15823/p.2015.063
[5] Bakhov, I.S. 2013. Multicultural education of the U.S. in fundamental legislative acts. World Applied Sciences Journal 27: 28-31, DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.27.elelc.7
[6] Banks, J.A., and Banks, C.A.M. 2000. Approaches to multicultural curriculum reform (Chapter 10) In Multicultural education: Issues and perspectives, John Willey & Sons, Available at:
[7] Banks, J.A. 2006. Cultural diversity and education: Foundations, curriculum, and teaching. Boston: Pearson Education, Inc., ISBN-10: 0205461034, 198 pp.
[8] Baptiste, H., and Baptiste, M. 1980. Competencies toward multiculturalism. Multicultural teacher education: Preparing teacher educators to provide educational equity. Washington, DC: American Association of College for Teacher Education, 405 pp.
[9] Bennet, C.L, Cole, D., and Thomson, J.N. 1999. Teacher education in a collaborative multicultural classroom: Implications for critical-mass-minority and all-minority classes at a predominantly White university/ C.L Bennet (Chair), Project TEAM. Symposium conducted at the meeting of the American Educational Research Association, Montreal, Canada, 506 pp.
[10] Cochran-Smith, M., and Fries, K. 2001. Sticks, stones, and ideology: The discourse of teacher education. Educational Researcher, 30 (8): 3-15.
[11] Cochran-Smith, M. 1995.Color blindness and basket making are not the answers: Confronting the dilemmas of race, culture, and language diversity in teacher education. American Educational Research Journal, 32 (3). 493-522.
[12] Darling-Hammond, L., and Sclan, E.M. 1996. Who teaches and why. Handbook of research on teacher education. New York: Simon & Schuster, 67-101 pp.
[13] Fenstermacher, G. 2003. Reconsidering the teacher education reform debate: A commentary on Cochran-Smith and Fries. Educational Researcher, 31 (6): 20-22.
[14] Gay, G., and Howard, T. 2000. Multicultural teacher education for the 21st century. Teacher Educator, 36 (1):1-16.
[15] Gollnick, D.M., and Chinn, P.C. 2006. Multicultural education in a pluralistic society. New Jersey: Merrill Prentice Hall, ISBN: -10: 0131197193, 404 pp.
[16] Gordon, B. 2006. Knowledge construction, competing critical theories, and education. In J. Banks, & C.A.M. Banks. Handbook of research on multicultural education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 184-202 pp.
[17] Grant, С., and Secada, W. 1990. Preparing teachers for diversity. Handbook of research on multicultural education, Old Tappan, NJ: Macmillan, 403-422 pp.
[18] Graue, E., and Grant, C. 2002. Questions, calls, and conversations for researchers in teacher education. Journal of Teacher Education, 53 (3): 268-272
[19] Kotenko, O.V. 2008. Multicultural education of teachers. Bulletin of postgraduate education: a collection of scientific works. Volume 7, Kiev (in Ukrainian), 66-73 pp.
[20] Ladson-Billings, G., and Tate, W.F. 1995. Toward a critical race theory of education, Teachers College Record, 97 (1): 47-68, Fall
[21] Nieto, S. 2002. We speak in many tongues: Linguistic diversity and multicultural education. Multicultural education for the twenty-first century. Washington, DC: National Education Association, 389 pp.
[22] Sleeter, C. 2001. Culture, difference and power. New York: Teachers College Press, 325 pp.
[23] Toppo, G. 2001. Bush to sign education bill, but the debate over required testing goes on. The Washington Post. Available at:
[24] Villegas, A., and Lucas, T. 2002. Educating culturally responsive teachers: A coherent approach. Albany, NY: SUNY Press, 222 pp.
[25] Yaksa N.V. 2015. Multicultural education: European dimension – Problems of modern pedagogical education. Pedagogy and psychology, 46 (2): 354-361, Yalta, (in Russian).
*** National Commission on Teaching and America’s Future. 1997. Doing what matters most: Investing in quality teaching. New York, 367pp.
How to Cite
BAKHOV, Ivan Stepanovich. Main Areas of the Implementation of Multiculturalism in Professional Educator Training in the USA. Journal of Research in Educational Sciences, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 10, p. 14-21, feb. 2018. ISSN 2068-8407. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 22 jan. 2022.