Labor Mobility in the European Union. Economic and Social Implications

  • Teodor Marian COJOCARU University of Craiova, Romania

Abstract

Recent economic growth has created opportunities for both domestic and foreign workers, because workers in all EU Member States directly contribute to a better functioning of economy by eliminating skills shortages and specific bottlenecks on labor market in certain European regions or states. Current studies highlight a general consensus among experts on the fundamental, global benefits of labor mobility in the EU. However, although these benefits apply at the macro level, there are always certain sectors or geographical areas where the general rules on general earnings do not apply and where costs and multiple disadvantages are concentrated.

References

[1] Anghel, R.G., Horváth, I. 2009. Sociology of Migration: Theories and Studies of Romanian Cases, Iași, Polirom Publishing House, ISBN: 978-973-46-1304-5, 310 p.
[2] Barnett, J., Sichelman, T.M. 2016. Revisiting labor mobility in innovation markets. USC CLASS Research Paper No. 16-13, USC Law Legal Studies Paper No. 16-15.
[3] Barslund, M., Busse, M. 2016. Labor mobility in the EU: Addressing challenges and ensuring ‘Fair Mobility’. CEPS Special Report, No. 13.
[4] Barslund, M., Busse, M., Schwarzwälder, J. 2015. Labor mobility in Europe: An untapped resource? CEPS Policy Briefs, 327: 1-6.
[5] Boeri, T., Brücker, H., Docquier, F., Rapoport, H. 2012. Brain drain and brain gain: The global competition to attract high-skilled migrants, Oxford University Press, London. ISBN: 978-0199654826.
[6] Boeri, T., Jimeno, J.F. 2016. Learning from the great divergence in unemployment in Europe during the crisis. Labor Economics, 41: 32-46.
[7] Bradley, A., Ewing, K.D., Knight, K.J.S. 2018. Constitutional and Administrative Law, 17th New Edition, Pearson, London. ISBN: 978-1292185866, 832 p.
[8] Brady, H. 2008. EU Migration Policy: An A-Z, Centre for European Reform (CER), London. Available at: http://te maasyl2.episerverhotell.net/Documents/Organisationer/Ovriga/EU%20Migration%20Policy%20A-Z.pdf
[9] Cobb-Clark, D., Khoo, S-E. 2006. Public policy and immigrant settlement, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham.ISBN-10: 1845422457, ISBN-13: 978-1845422455, 238 p.
[10] Coșciug, A. 2019. Religion, return migration and change in an emigration country. In: Anghel RG, Fauser M, Boccagni P. (eds) Transnational return and social change. Social hierarchies, cultural capital and collective identities. Anthem Press: London, ISBN: 9781785270949, 206 p.
[11] Craig, P., de Búrca, G. 2009.European Union Law. Comments. Jurisprudence and Doctrine, Hamangiu Publishing House, Bucharest, 532-534 pp.
[12] Esipova, N., Ray, J., Srinivasan, R. 2010. The world’s potential migrants, Gallup, Washington, D.C. Available at: https://www.migrationinstitute.org/files/events/gallup_whitepaper_migration.pdf
[13] Frei, A., Axhausen, K.W., Ohnmacht, T. 2009. Mobilities and social network geography. Size and spatial dispersion - the Zurich case study results, in Mobilities and inequality, Ashgate, Farnham, 99-120 pp.
[14] Glinos, I.A., Wismar, M., Buchan, J., Rakovac, I. 2015. How can countries address the efficiency and equity implications of health professional mobility in Europe? Adapting policies in the context of the WHO Code of Practice and EU freedom of movement. European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, Copenhagen, Denmark. Available at: https://www.euro.who.int/_data/assets/pdf_file/0008/287666/ OBS_PB18_How-can-countries-address-the-efficiency-and-equity-implications-of-health-professionalmobility -in-Europe.pdf?ua=1
[15] Gros, D., Roth, F. 2012. The Europe 2020 strategy: Can it maintain the EU’s competitiveness in the world?CEPS Papers 7260, Centre for European Policy Studies, Brussels.
[16] Kant, I., 2013. Zum ewigen Frieden: Ein philosophischer Entwurf, Create Space Independent Publishing Platform, Scotts Valley, CA.ISBN: 978-1484049266, 54 p.
[17] Keynes, J.M. 2012. The Economic Consequences of the Peace, Create Space Independent Publishing Platform, Scotts Valley, CA. ISBN: 978-1479368709, 142 p.
[18] Kiausiene, I. 2015. Comparative assessment of women unemployment and poverty in European Union. Intellectual Economics, 9 p.
[19] Krause, A., Rinne, U., Zimmermann, K.F. 2017. European labor market integration: What the experts think, International Journal of Manpower, 38(7): 954-974.
[20] Kuhnert, J., Leps, O. 2017. Neue Wohnungsgemeinnützigkeit: Wege zu langfristig preiswertem und zukunftsgerechte Wohnraum, Springer, Berlin. ISBN: 978-3-658-17570-2
[21] Michael, A., Manning, A. 2018. The persistence of local joblessness. American Economic Review, 108(7): 1942-1970.
[22] Ricardo, D. 1821. On the principles of political economy and taxation, 3rd Edition McMaster University Archive for the History of Economic Thought. Available at: https://socialsciences.mcmaster.ca/econ/ugcm/ 3ll3/ricardo/Principles.pdf
[23] Rousseau, J-J. 2017. L'etat de guerre, and, projet de paix perpétuelle: Two essays (Classic Reprint), Forgotten Books, London. ISBN: 978-1332885114, 152 p.
[24] Sandu, D. 2006. Living Abroad on a Temporary Basis. The Economic Migration of Romanians: 1990-2006. Open Society Foundation, Bucharest, 13-40 pp.
[25] Tobă D. 2012. Macroeconomics. University textbook, Universitaria Publishing, Craiova.
[26] Tremlett, G. 2008. Ghosts of Spain: Travels through Spain and its Silent Past, Bloomsbury, London. ISBN: 978-0802716743, 400 p.
[27] Udrea, A. 2010. Labor market. Analysis of the South-West Oltenia Development Region. Contemporary economy of Romania. Analysis. Research. Studies. Pîrvu, G. coordinator, Universitaria Publishing House, Craiova.
[28] Verbruggen, J. 2016. Effects of unemployment, conviction and incarceration on employment: A longitudinal study on the employment prospects of disadvantaged youths. The British Journal of Criminology, 56(4): 729-749.
[29] Zimmermann, K., Zaiceva, A. 2008. Scale, diversity and determinants of labor migration in Europe. Oxford Review of Economic Policy, 24: 428-452.
[30] Zimmermann, K.F. 2005. European labor mobility: Challenges and potentials. Die Economist, 153: 425-450.
[31] Zimmermann, K.F. 2009. Labor mobility and the integration of European labor markets. DIW Berlin Discussion PaperNo. 862: 1-26.
*** European Commission, EUROPA. 2020 A European strategy for smart, green and inclusive growth,2010. Available at: https://www.mae.ro/sites/default/files/file/Europa2021/Strategia_Europa_2020.pdf
*** European Commission. 2011. The global approach to migration and immobility, SEC 2011 1353. Available at: https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/RO/TXT/PDF/?uri=CELEX:52011DC0743&from=en
*** OECD. 2014. Non-regular employment, job security and the labor market divide, OECD Employment Outlook, OECD Publishing, Paris.
*** OECD 2020. Strengthening the governance of skills systems: Lessons from Six OECD Countries, OECD Skills Studies, OECD Publishing, Paris.
*** https://data.oecd.org/unemp/youth-unemployment-rate.htm
*** www.anofm.ro
*** http://www.statista.com
*** http://ec.europa.eu/eurostat
Published
2020-10-16
How to Cite
COJOCARU, Teodor Marian. Labor Mobility in the European Union. Economic and Social Implications. Journal of Advanced Research in Management, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 1, p. 39-50, oct. 2020. ISSN 2068-7532. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarm/article/view/5646>. Date accessed: 17 may 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jarm.v11.1(21).04.