Discrete Process of Development and Effective Functioning of the Fiscal System of the Ukraine and EU Countries
The article considers the discrete process of development and effective functioning of the fiscal system of the European Union and Ukraine. A comprehensive methodological approach to the development, sustainability and efficiency of the fiscal system, which provides structural restructuring of the economic system and affects the ‘fiscal maneuver’ of the initial formative component, balances the specific interests of all subjects of redistributive relations. The typology of fiscal systems depending on the approved level of income tax rates, wages and other taxes is studied. The method of estimating the level of tax burden at the macro level is substantiated, which shows the share of GDP that is redistributed through the total amount of tax revenues to the budgets of all levels and extra-budgetary funds. The method of determining the level of tax burden and its impact on the consumer market and production (of goods), as well as the coefficient of elasticity of tax revenues to the State Budget, which embodies the fiscal effect of the impact on the system of tax revenues is shown. The three-stage structure of indicators is determined, which allows to calculate the integrated indicator of the state of the fiscal system and to determine the dynamics of the level of its security by stimulant factors and disincentive factors. The normalized values of stimulus factors and disincentive factors, as well as an integrated indicator of the state of the fiscal system of Ukraine are estimated and determined. The share of direct and indirect taxes in the GDP, as well as the structure of tax payments in the revenues of state budgets of EU member states are analyzed. A modification of the taxonomic indicator of indicative development of the fiscal system (indirect tax harmonization index) has been developed, which characterizes the level and dynamics, as well as changes in the directions and scales of consumption taxation in EU member states and Ukraine under conditions of functioning in a single economic space with a certain degree of harmonization of the sphere of indirect taxes.
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