Comparative Analysis of Foundations of Legal Regulation of Criminal Liability for Organ Trafficking in the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, and the European Union
Currently, organ trafficking occupies a leading position among transnational organized criminal groups due to the high demand for illegal services and the relatively low rates of detection of illegal actions by law enforcement agencies. In this context, the purpose of the paper was to conduct a comparative analysis of the foundations of the legal regulation of criminal liability for organ trafficking and trafficking in the Russian Federation, Kazakhstan, and the European Union to form scientifically substantiated conclusions and suggestions for improving existing national legislation. To achieve this purpose, general scientific and special methods were used. The study also uncovers vectors and substantiates the feasibility of implementing EU legislation in the field of organ trafficking and trafficking in the criminal legislation of the Russian Federation and Kazakhstan, predicts the prospects for improving legal regulation on the subject matter and outlined the priority actions of legislative bodies. At the same time, promising areas of research in this matter are the issues of punishability of such acts and the appointment of the appropriate punishment. Furthermore, the creation of a highly regulated transplantation system at the national level was proposed, which is to be managed by a national transplantation authority with broad oversight powers. The creation of such a centralised competent authority will ensure the implementation of the scope of measures that would effectively reduce the risk of organ trafficking and trafficking and protect potential victims.
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