Public-Private Partnership in Conditions of Innovative Development of Kazakhstan
The relevance of the subject matter is conditioned by the fact that the innovative development of Kazakhstan, which is based on the introduction of technological advance, the use of computer and resource-saving technologies, industrial and innovative achievements, is currently of great importance for the country's economy. Without the growth of innovative potential in the country, it is impossible to ensure the competitiveness of the economy. In this connection, further reform of the innovation development management system both of public and private sectors is necessary, and the current means of increasing their effective functioning is the development of partnerships between the state and business, which will allow to attract additional resources to the public sector of the economy, primarily investment. In such a system of relations, the resources and potentials of the state and business are combined, which helps to increase the efficiency of the use of available resources, the distribution of risks between the public and private sectors and their minimisation. The purpose of the study: The purpose of the paper is to prepare recommendations for the development of public-private partnerships in the conditions of innovative development of Kazakhstan. Leading approach to the study of the subject matter. The leading methods of researching the issues of the paper include the analysis of theoretical sources, analysis of statistics, and comparison. The analysis of statistical indicators plays a crucial role in the study, since data on the innovation level, on the development of public-private partnerships can be directly obtained from statistical databases. The results of the study. The paper discusses the concept of public-private partnerships, methods, mechanisms, stages of development of public-private partnerships in Kazakhstan, analyses the innovative development of Kazakhstan, the development of public-private partnerships, identifies issues of public-private partnerships and develops solutions to them. Prospects for further research. For the development of projects that are carried out on an innovative basis, cooperation between the state and business is necessary. Certain risks and consequences are inherent in innovative projects; therefore, such projects require private partners who agree to public-private partnerships even under unstable political, economic and social conditions, and also have corresponding production and innovative potential. Given the improvement of the regulatory framework at the national level and in the regions, increasing the attractiveness of such cooperation, and providing comprehensive support for such projects, a partnership between the state and business in the innovation sector will develop. The materials of the paper are of practical value for the development of public-private partnership in the conditions of innovative development of Kazakhstan.
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