Combating Illegal Drugs Trafficking Using the Internet by Means of the Profiling Method

  • Mykola O. OVCHARENKO Department of Neurology, Psychiatry and Narcology, Luhansk State Medical University, Rubizhne, Ukraine
  • Oleksii V. TAVOLZHANSKYI Department of Criminology and Penitentiary Law, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Tetiana M. RADCHENKO Department of Psychiatry, Narcology and Medical Psychology, Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Kateryna D. KULYK Department of Criminology and Penitentiary Law, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • Nataliia V. SMETANINA Department of Criminology and Penitentiary Law, Yaroslav Mudryi National Law University, Kharkiv, Ukraine


The paper actualizes the issues of combating drug trafficking using the Internet on the example of Ukraine. Given the significant difference in the approach to this issue among Ukrainian and foreign scientists, this allowed to carry out a multifaceted analysis. The purpose of the article is to conduct a comprehensive study (criminological and forensic) on the use of the Internet in the commission of crimes related to drug trafficking, on the example of Ukraine. Profiling was used as the main method. The novelty of this work is the extrapolation of the method of profiling cybercriminals to persons who commit illicit drug distribution using the Internet in Ukraine as a special category of cybercriminals. The specific objectives of the study are: to study the characteristics of an offender who commits crimes related to drug trafficking via the Internet using the method of profiling; study of typical investigative situations that arise when committing crimes related to drug trafficking on the Internet; development of comprehensive recommendations for combating this group of crimes, taking into account both the identity of an offender and investigative situations that most often arise in practice. Based on the study, the article conducted (using secondary data) profiling of people who distribute drugs using the Internet in Ukraine. The profiling also includes a comprehensive portrait of such a criminal, which includes both socio-demographic and psychological characteristics of this category of criminals, studied their motivation, conducted a study of the victimological aspect and features of the study of evidence in this category of crimes.


[1] Baytekuly, K. 2011. On victimological prevention of illegal distribution of narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances. Bulletin Eurasian Law Academy named after D.A. Kunaev 15(3): 134-137.
[2] Bonn, S.A. 2012. Criminal profiling: the original mind hunters.
[3] Cilli, C. 2020. Deep & Darknet: The origins of threats.
[4] Creswell, J. 2014. Research design: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods approaches. SAGE Publications.
[5] Drago, I., et al. 2019. Are darknets all the same? On darknet visibility for security monitoring. In:Proceedings of the IEEE International Symposium on Local and Metropolitan Area Networks (LANMAN), 1-6. IEEE.
[6] Gao, H. 2013. Drug Abuse and drug trafficking in Asia. In: J. Liu, B. Hebenton, J. Susyan (Eds.), Handbook of Asian Criminology, 115-127. Springer New York.
[7] Kassa, H.S., and Rosen, J.D. 2019. Organized crime and drug trafficking in the Americas: trends and challenges. In: Illicit Markets, Organized Crime, and Global Security, 63-85. Palgrave Macmillan.
[8] Kipane, A. 2019. Meaning of profiling of cybercriminals in the security context. SHS Web Conference 68: art. No. 01009.
[9] Kirwan, G., and Power, A. 2013. Cybercrime: the psychology of online offenders. Cambridge University Press.
[10] Kostyuchenko, O.E., Kolesnik, T.V., Bilous, Z.V., and Tavolzhanskyi, О.V. 2019. Robotization of manufacturing process: economic and social problems and legal ways of their solution. Financial and Credit Activity: Problems of Theory and Practice 3(30): 454-462.
[11] Kravtsova, M. 2016. Cybercrime: criminological characteristics and security of police in Ukraine. Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs.
[12] Li, X. 2017. A review of motivations of illegal cyber activities. Criminology & Social Integration Journal 25(1): 110-126.
[13] Lykhova, S., Semchuk, N., and Rybikova, H. 2019. Psychological well-being of prisoners as a factor in penitentiary reform. International Journal of Applied Exercise Physiology 8(1): 341-351.
[14] Malkina-Pykh, I. 2011. Victimology. Psychology of victim behavior. MSTU.
[15] Petherick, W., Turvey, B.E., and Ferguson, C.E. 2010. Forensic criminology. Elsevier Academic Press.
[16] Rosen, J.D, and Kassa, H.S. 2019. Trends in drug trafficking and organized crime. In: Drugs, Gangs, and Violence (pp. 57-89). Springer International Publishing.
[17] Saroha, R. 2014. Profiling a cyber criminal. International Journal of Information and Computation Technology 4(3): 253-258.
[18] Shinder, D. 2010. Profiling and categorizing cybercriminals.
[19] Turney, B.E. (Ed.). 2012. Criminal profiling: an introduction to behavior evidence analysis. Elsevier Academic Press.
[20] Yuxno, O.O. 2018. Methodological recommendations ‘Features of investigation of crimes related to illicit trafficking in narcotic drugs or psychotropic substances with use modern telecommunication and other technologies’. Kharkiv National University of Internal Affairs.
[21] Zuhri, F.A. 2017. Profiling cybercriminals.
How to Cite
OVCHARENKO, Mykola O. et al. Combating Illegal Drugs Trafficking Using the Internet by Means of the Profiling Method. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 11, n. 4, p. 1296-1304, june 2020. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 15 aug. 2020. doi: