Improving the Economic Mechanism for Increasing Labor Productivity in Agriculture
The article is devoted to the problems of increasing labor productivity in agriculture in Kazakhstan. It explores the growth trends in labor productivity in the agricultural sector and presents a comparative analysis of individual factors that directly affect labor productivity indicators. The article considers the reasons for the lag of Kazakhstan in terms of labor productivity from developed countries, provides a detailed analysis of the level and dynamics of labor productivity in agriculture in Kazakhstan. The authors of the article calculated indicators of the dynamics of labor productivity and indices of the physical volume of gross agricultural output. Comparative indices of labor productivity in the economy, production of goods and agriculture are presented, an algorithm for analysing the efficiency of labor use of workers in the industry and assessing the reserves of growth in labor productivity were given. The aim of the work is to study the prevailing level of labor productivity and determine ways to increase it and the production efficiency of the agricultural sector. The differentiation of the use of the concepts of labor productivity and the productivity of the economic system was substantiated. The productivity of the economic system in accordance has a broader interpretation and includes the whole set of economic processes, such as labor productivity, marketing, managerial productivity and the creation of new products with high consumer qualities. The goals and objectives of labor productivity at the enterprise level was carried out, areas of responsibility at different managerial levels were decomposed.
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