The Role of Law Enforcement in Ensuring the Rights of Citizens

  • Nana M. BAKAIANOVA Department of Judicial, Law Enforcement Authorities and Advocacy, National University ‘Odessa Law Academy’, Odessa, Ukraine
  • Olena V. KRYZHANOVSKA Department of Police Administrative Activity, Odessa State University of Internal Affairs, Ukraine
  • Andrii V. KUBAIENKO Department of Judicial, Law Enforcement Authorities and Advocacy, National University ‘Odessa Law Academy’, Ukraine


The paper investigates human and citizen rights in Ukraine, their reflection in modern international regulations, in the laws of Ukraine. The features of the implementation of law enforcement in modern conditions are considered through the lens of the experience of other countries. The possibility of reforming the law enforcement system for improving its efficiency was analyzed. To achieve the purpose and form conclusions, various criteria for the effectiveness of law enforcement were considered. Particular importance in solving this issue was given to the analysis of foreign experience. The experience of other countries and world communities will allow to implement the best methods of law enforcement in Ukraine and improve its efficiency, paying particular attention to the rights of citizens even in high alert conditions (for example, in emergency situations, when human rights are minimized). Two leading approaches were used in the study: general theoretical and general historical. They helped identify the strengths and weaknesses of the current system in Ukraine and formulate specific positions for improving the activities of law enforcement agencies of Ukraine in protecting citizens' rights.



[1] Alizade, F.E. 2011. The legal foundation for joint (international) criminal investigations in European law. Eurasian Law Journal, 6: 48-58.
[2] Arutyunov, S.A., Karpov, M.V., and Asmolov, K.V. 2011. The General Historical, Sociocultural Context of Human Rights Issues in the Far East and Southeast Asia. Cultural Aspects and Law Enforcement Practices in the Field of Human Rights in the Far East and Southeast Asia. Publishing House of the Higher School of Economics.
[3] Filatov, D.S. 2016. Comparative analysis of the organization of the activities of the police of the Russian Federation and the USA. Molodoy Uchenyi, 8(1): 62-64.
[4] Janmaat, J.G. 1999. Language politics in education and the response of the Russians in Ukraine. The Journal of Nationalism and Ethnicity, 12: 475-501.
[5] Khalota, A. 2001. Methods of operation of law enforcement agencies to ensure the realization of human rights. Pravo Ukrainy, 5: 43-47.
[6] Kuchuk, A.N. 2014. Law as a sociocultural phenomenon and legal civilization. Bulletin of the Institute of Legislation and Legal Information of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 4(36): 100-103.
[7] Ortynsky, V.L. 2015. Law enforcement policy in the field of human rights protection in the context of the association of Ukraine with the EU. Bulletin of the National University Lviv Polytechnic. Series: Law, 824: 3-9.
[8] Panyonko, I.M. 2014. Reasons and measures for reforming the law enforcement bodies of Ukraine. Bulletin of the National University Lviv Polytechnic. Series: Law, 801: 195-201.
[9] Reznik, O.N., and Andriichenko, N.S. 2019. The participation of citizens in improving the efficiency of law enforcement agencies as subjects of protecting the financial and economic security of Ukraine. Problemy Zakonnosti, 2: 176-187.
[10] Skakun, O.F. 2001. The Theory of State and Law. Konsum.
[11] Sokolenko, O.L. 2013. The rights of citizens as an object of administrative legal protection. Comparative Analytical Law, 4: 230-234.
[12] Sokurenko, V.G., and Savitskaya, A.N. 1981. Right. Freedom. Equality. Vyshcha shkola.
[13] Svechnikov, N.I. 2016. The essence of law enforcement. Lex Russica, 7(116): 28-37.
[14] Tebin, N.P. 2008. Japan: Police must act as wise parents. Militia, 10: 124-129.
[15] Turuta, O.V. 2010. Legal mechanism for ensuring the reality of citizens' rights and freedoms. Forum Prava 2: 519-523. Available at:
[16] Volevodz, A.G. 2012. Legal networks in the field of judicial and police cooperation of the European Union. International Criminal Law and International Justice, 3: 9-12.
[17] Volynka, K.G. 2000. The Mechanism of Protection of Rights and Freedoms of the Person: Questions of Theory and Practice. V.M. Koretskyi Institute of State and Law.
[18] Yermolenko, D.O. 2002. Legal Status of Man and Citizen in Ukraine as a Social State. National University of Internal Affairs.
[19] Zavorotchenko, T.M. 2002. Constitutional Guarantees of Human and Citizen's Rights and Freedoms in Ukraine. V.M. Koretskyi Institute of State and Law.
[20] EU Regulation 2015/513. 2015. Official Journal of the European Union. Available at: legal-content/EN/TXT/PDF/?uri=OJ:JOL_2015_082_R_0009&qid=1427520950033&from=EN
[21] Europol joins forces with EU FIUs to fight terrorism financing and money laundering. 2016. Available at:
[22] Europol, basic information. Available at:
[23] Europol’s European Counter Terrorism Centre strengthens the EU’s response to terror. European Police Organization (Europol). Available at:
[24] Final Report of the International Association of Chiefs of Police of the Administration of Justice (George Mason University, USA) ‘Public image of the police’. Available at: 
How to Cite
BAKAIANOVA, Nana M.; KRYZHANOVSKA, Olena V.; KUBAIENKO, Andrii V.. The Role of Law Enforcement in Ensuring the Rights of Citizens. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 8, p. 2253 – 2261, dec. 2019. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 26 may 2024. doi: