Formation of the Philosophy of Law of Ukraine and the USA under the Influence of Individualist Views: A Consideration through History Aspect
The relevance of such a study is that when considering modern Ukraine there is an active interest of philosophers, scientists, lawyers in the study, definition and reconstruction of philosophical and legal studies of the legal system of Ukraine, due to the previous loss of uniqueness because of the totalitarian Soviet regime. The concept of individualism and its impact on the legal system plays an important role in many modern states, including the United States. Individualism, first of all, substantiates personal freedoms, emphasizes the value of an individual. This approach creates a human rights institution that is defined in each state and is protected from interference as a matter of priority. The aim is to study and reveal the concept and nature of the concept of individualism in the philosophy of law, determine its role in shaping the legal system of modern Ukraine and compare the impact of the concept of individualism on the legal system of Ukraine and the United States. This study used the dialectical method, historical and legal method, comparison, analysis and synthesis. The result of this article is a comparison that will allow to understand the influence of individualism on the formation of the system of Ukrainian social consciousness in contrast to the assertion of the consciousness of society under the influence of individualism in the United States.
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