The Concept of Privacy and Protection of its Inviolability in the Criminal Policy of the Kazakhstan Republic

  • Aigerim R. SHEGEBAYEVA Karagandy Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan named B. Beisenov, Karagandy

Abstract

The presented article deals with the issues related to the implementation of the criminal policy of the Kazakhstan Republic concerning the privacy of a person. Ensuring the right of privacy of criminal law means provides a solution to such issues as the definition of the private life of a person, a legal restriction or interference in the private (personal) life of man, the criminalization of illegal collection or dissemination of information about the private life of a person and sentence guilty of the correct qualification of the offense. The author studies the concept of privacy, the history of its development, its theoretical rationale, the legislation of the Kazakhstan Republic, which regulates its protection, the opinions of researchers on the imperfection of legal norms. The author draws the conclusion of insufficient legislative development of the concept of privacy required for improving the structure of the Art. 147 of the Criminal Code of the Kazakhstan Republic, recognizes the disbalance between the right to privacy of an individual and the information interests of the society, suggests the solutions to these problems. The absence of a specific law on the protection of privacy, according to the author, cannot effectively protect the right of every person to respect for his private life.

References

[1] Akhmetova, A.R. and Bazarova, G.S. Some Issues of Enshrining the Right to Privacy in the International Law Documents. Retrieved from www.rusnauka.com/38_NIEK_2014/Pravo/13_181991.doc.htm/.
[2] Divayeva, I.R. 2004. Criminal Law Protection of the Right to Privacy of a Person in Russia. PhD thesis. Ufa.
[3] Kadnikov, B.N. 2008. Criminal Law Protection of the Citizens' Constitutional Right to Privacy. PhD Thesis. Moscow
[4] Kadnikov, B.N. 2011. Criminal Law Protection of Privacy. М.: Jurisprudence Publishing House.
[5] Kanafin, D. K. 2009. Review of the Draft Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan ‘On Introducing Amendments and Additions to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Protection of the Citizen's Rights to Privacy’. The Right to Privacy in the Kazakhstan Republic; The Collection of Papers of the Experts' Meeting – Astana.
[6] Karpovich, V.D. 2002. Article-by-Article Commentary on the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Moscow
[7] Krasikov, A.N. 1996. Criminal Law Protection of the Rights and Freedoms of a Person in Russia. Saratov.
[8] Kuzhukeyeva, G. The Right to Privacy and the Right to Freedom of Expression: the Balance Problems. Retrieved from www.medialawca.org/node/4318/.
[9] Leibo, Y.I., Tolstopyatenko, G.P. and Eckstein, K.A. 2000. The Rights and Freedoms of a Person and a Citizen. Moscow
[10] Makeyev, P.N. 2006. Criminal Liability for Invasion of Privacy. PhD Thesis. Moscow
[11] Petrukhin, I.L. 1989. Privacy: the Limits of Interference. Moscow
[12] Pikurov, N.I. 2003. Some Issues of the Criminal Law Protection of Privacy. Criminal Law Protection of a Person and Its Optimization. Research-to-Practice Conference in Honour of Professor Krasikov A.N. (March 20-21, 2003).
[13] Polivanova, D. Today's Evolution of the Right to Privacy. Retrieved from www.law-n-life.ru/arch/131/131-8.doc/.
[14] Romanovsky, G.B. 1997. Constitutional Regulation of the Right to Privacy. PhD Thesis. St. Petersburg.
[15] Sapargaliyev, G.S. 2004. The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Legal Research Commentary. Almaty City.
[16] The Criminal Code No. 167-I of the Kazakhstan Republic. Retrieved July 16, 1997 from www.online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=1008032#sub_id=1420000/.
[17] The Criminal Code No. 226-V of the Kazakhstan Republic. Retrieved July 3, 2014 from www.online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31575252#sub_id=1470000/.
[18] The Criminal Procedure Code No. 231-V of the Kazakhstan Republic. Retrieved July 4, 2014 from www.online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31575852#pos=13;-274&sel_link=1004101030/.
[19] Toby Mendel. Freedom of Expression and the Right to Privacy. Retrieved from www.unesco.kz/cgi-bin/library?e=d-000-00-0ATACI-00-0-0-0prompt-10-4-0-1l-1-en-50-20-about-00031-001-1-0utfZz-8-00&a=d&cl=CL2.1&d=HASH6bd6842e750cbdd7d603cb.6/.
[20] Warren, S. & Brandeis, L. 1890. The right to privacy. Harvard Law Review, 4: 193- 220.
[21] Westin, A.F. 1968. Privacy and Freedom. New York: Athenaeum.
Published
2016-12-05
How to Cite
SHEGEBAYEVA, Aigerim R.. The Concept of Privacy and Protection of its Inviolability in the Criminal Policy of the Kazakhstan Republic. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 387-393, dec. 2016. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/506>. Date accessed: 22 apr. 2024.
Section
Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics

Keywords

privacy, criminal policy, criminal liability, fundamental rights