The Efficiency of Special Knowledge in Criminal Proceeding

  • Elvira ABDIKAPBAROVNA ALIMOVA Almaty Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kazakhstan

Abstract

The problems of the definition and use of the special knowledge of the experts in the criminal procedure are studied in this article. The procedural status of the expert, the procedural and non-procedural forms of his or her participation in proceedings in criminal cases are subject to analysis and theoretical and legal assessment.
A clear understanding of the concept, content and opportunities for the use of special knowledge in the criminal proceeding is necessary for the successful investigation of any criminal case. The special knowledge is characterized by a number of special features: it is not common, it is not publicly available; it can be obtained in the course of theoretical and practical professional training; it is repeatedly used; it is involved in the procedure in accordance with the law in case of need for this kind of knowledge; it constitutes the evidence in case of use in the procedural form.
In the literature, the concept of special knowledge has repeatedly been subjected to study, but the unity of views has not been achieved. The points of view of various scientists concerning the concept and the content of the special knowledge used in the criminal proceeding are presented in this article. The opinions on the admissibility criteria and the reliability of the evidence obtained through the use of special knowledge are also provided. The use of the special knowledge, in general, has a significant impact on the entire averment procedure.
The article deals with the novels, introduced by the new Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan (CPC RK), which entered into force on January 1th, 2015. The CPC RK contains the statutory enshrined definition of special knowledge. This allows distinguishing more clearly the knowledge of the experts, used in the criminal proceeding, from the common general knowledge.
The abilities of conclusions and expert evidence in finding of the criminal case facts are quite significant. At the same time, the use of these abilities requires the investigators and the judges to understand clearly the idea of how the conclusion and the expert evidence should be evaluated and the facts, established by this evidence, should be evaluated.

References

[1] Alimova, A.E. 2015. Soderzhanie spetsial'nykh znaniy i ikh ispol'zovanie v ugolovnom protsesse [The Content of the Special Knowledge and Its Use in the Criminal Proceeding]. Vestnik YuUrGU, 15(3): 33.
[2] Arsenyev, V.D., and Zabolotskiy, V. G. 1986. Ispol'zovanie spetsial'nykh znaniy pri ustanovlenii fakticheskikh obstoyatel'stv ugolovnogo dela [The Use of the Special Knowledge in Establishing of the Factual Circumstances of the Criminal Case]. Krasnoyarsk: Publishing House of the Krasnoyarsk University, p. 4.
[3] Grishina, E.P. 2012. Svedushchie litsa v rossiyskom ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: teoreticheskie problemy dokazyvaniya i pravoprimenitel'naya praktika [Experts in the Russian Criminal Procedure: The Theoretical Problems of Averment and Legal Practice]. Moscow: MIIT, pp. 8-9.
[4] Korukhov, Yu.G. (Ed.). 2003. Sudebnaya ekspertiza po novomu zakonodatel'stvu Rossii (v ugolovnom, grazhdanskom, arbitrazhnom, administrativnom protsessakh) [Forensic Examination under the New Russian Legislation (in the Criminal, Civil, Arbitration, Administrative Procedures)]. Moscow: MIIT, p. 254.
[5] Kudryavtseva, A.V. 2006. Teoriya dokazyvaniya v yuridicheskom protsesse [The Theory of Averment in the Legal Procedure]. Chelyabinsk: Polygraph-Master, p. 109.
[6] Lazareva, V.A. 2007. Problemy dokazyvaniya v sovremennom ugolovnom protsesse Rossii [The Problems of Averment in the Modern Criminal Proceeding in Russia]. Samara: Samara University, p. 259.
[7] Mailis, N.P. 2015. Vvedenie v sudebnuyu ekspertizu: ucheb. posobie [Introduction to Forensic Expertise: Study Guide]. Moscow: Unity-Dana: Zakon i pravo, p. 21.
[8] Makhov, V.N. 2000. Ispol'zovanie znaniy svedushchikh lits pri rassledovanii prestupleniy [The Use of the Knowledge of the Experts in the Investigation of the Crimes]. Moscow: Publishing House of People's Friendship University, pp. 36-39.
[9] Nesterov, A.V. 2012. O zarozhdenii i razvitii nekotorykh kategoriy ekspertiki [On the Origin and Development of the Certain Categories of the Expertics]. Ekspert-kriminalist, 2, 20.
[10] Novikov, A.A. 2007. Institut spetsialista v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve Rossii: dis. kand. yurid. nauk [The Specialist Institution in the Criminal Procedure in Russia (PhD Thesis)]. Kaliningrad Law Institute of the Russian Interior Ministry, Kaliningrad, pp. 71-72.
[11] Sartayev, S.S., and Sozakbaev, S. A. 1994. Materialy po istorii gosudarstva i prava Kazakhstan [Files on the History of the State and Law of Kazakhstan]. Almaty: Atamura, p. 280.
[12] Selina, E.V. 2002. Primenenie spetsial'nykh poznaniy v ugolovnom protsesse [The Use of the Special Cognition in the Criminal Proceeding]. Moscow: Yurlitinform, p. 6.
[13] Shakirov, K.N., and Tapalova, R. B. 2012. Sudebnaya ekspertiza v Respublike Kazakhstan: organizatsiya i proizvodstvo [Forensic Expertise in the Republic of Kazakhstan: Organization and Conduct]. Almaty: Kazakh University, pp. 55-56.
[14] Shikanov, V.I. 1980. Problemy ispol'zovaniya spetsial'nykh znaniy i nauchno-tekhnicheskikh novshestv v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: avtoref. dis. doktora yur. nauk [Problems of Use of the Special Knowledge and Scientific and Technological Innovations in the Criminal Proceeding (Doctoral Thesis)]. Kutafin Moscow State Law University (MSAL), Moscow, p. 11.
[15] Sokolov, A.F., and Remizov, M. V. 2010. Ispol'zovanie spetsial'nykh znaniy v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve: ucheb. posobie [The Use of the Special Knowledge in the Criminal Proceeding: Study Guide]. Yaroslavl: Yaroslavl State University Press, p. 6.
[16] Sorokotyagina, D.A., and Sorokotyagin, I. N. 2006. Sudebnaya ekspertiza [Forensic Examination]. Rostov-on-Don: Feniks, p. 35.
[17] Trapeznikova, I.I. 2006. Spetsial'nye znaniya v ugolovnom protsesse Rossii [Special Knowledge in the Criminal Proceeding in Russia]. Chelyabinsk: Polygraph-Master, p. 31.
[18] Ugolovno-protsessual'nyy kodeks Respubliki Kazakhstan [The Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan]. (2014, July 4).
[19] Varenikova, S.P. 2004. Primenenie spetsial'nykh znaniy v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve Respubliki Kazakhstan [The Use of Special Knowledge in the Criminal Procedure of the Republic of Kazakhstan]. Almaty: HAS, p. 19.
[20] Zaitseva, E.A. 2005. Primenenie spetsial'nykh poznaniy v ugolovnom sudoproizvodstve [The Use of the Special Knowledge in the Criminal Proceeding]. Volgograd: VA MID RF, p. 54.
Published
2016-12-12
How to Cite
ABDIKAPBAROVNA ALIMOVA, Elvira. The Efficiency of Special Knowledge in Criminal Proceeding. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 7, n. 5, p. 964–971, dec. 2016. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/505>. Date accessed: 14 apr. 2024.

Keywords

evidence; averment; justice; expert; professional; special knowledge; criminal proceeding