Legal Culture of Public Servants: The Comparative Legal Analysis of the Formation Practices of Various Countries
The legal culture of public servants is determined by the fact that the legislation implements a mechanism for the formation of a moral component, which allows to limit the use of punitive measures and at the same time ensure compliance with the law in the framework of public administration processes. The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that a public servant, in addition to following state standards for dealing with citizens, must also follow the general social culture of observing the rule of law. The novelty of the study is determined by the fact that as the main component in the formation of the legal culture of public servants, it is necessary to consider the implementation of law and the corresponding moral standard directly in the legislation and, based on this position, implement practical activities both within the framework of the public administration system and within the framework of public interaction. The authors investigate the theoretical aspects of the implementation of this provision in the legislation of the countries of the Euroregion, Kazakhstan and the United States. The article shows that the main impact on the legal culture of public servants here is exerted by norms that are implicit in the legislation. The practical significance of the study is determined by the fact that the theoretical model under study will make it possible to adopt basic regulations on the basis of the principles of sustainability of the society functioning and to adopt the concept of development of the rule of law.
 Denkova, J. 2015. Legal basis for responsible working of the administration in the Republic of Macedonia: an assessment. In A. Gurtoo and C. Williams (Eds.), Developing Country Perspectives on Public Service Delivery (pp. 167-178). Springer India. DOI: 10.1007/978-81-322-2160-9_11.
 Depré, R., Hondeghem, A., and Bodiguel, J.-L. (1996). Public servants in transition? In D. Farnham, S. Horton, J. Barlow and A. Hondeghem (Eds.), New Public Managers in Europe: Public Servants in Transition (pp. 281-295). Palgrave Macmillan UK. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-349-13947-7_13.
 Duren, D. 2017. Servant leadership: a new paradigm. In C.J. Davis (Ed.), Servant Leadership and Followership: Examining the Impact on Workplace Behavior (pp. 225-260). Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-59366-1_10.
 Erdurmazlı, E. 2019. Satisfaction and commitment in voluntary organizations: a cultural analysis along with servant leadership. VOLUNTAS: International Journal of Voluntary and Nonprofit Organizations 30(1): 129-146. DOI: 10.1007/s11266-018-9992-z.
 Hunt, G. 2013. Civil servants and whistle-blowing: loyal neutrality and/or democratic ideal? In C. Neuhold, S. Vanhoonacker and L. Verhey (Eds.), Civil Servants and Politics: A Delicate Balance, 45-67. Palgrave Macmillan UK. DOI: 10.1057/9781137316813_4.
 Ibrayeva, A., Seifullina, A., Kassymzhanova, A., and Alimbekova, M. 2017. The new management principles in the activities of law enforcement agencies’ system of Kazakhstan. Bulletin of the Kazakh National University. Legal Series 3: 38-47.
 Ibrayeva, A., Abdikarim, Y., and Alimbekova, M. 2014. The legal policy of Kazakhstan: New priorities and succession. World Applied Sciences Journal 29(8): 1071-1074. DOI: 10.5829/idosi.wasj.2014.29.08.13944.
 Ibrayeva, A.S., et al. 2019. The development of legal science in Kazakhstan: problems and prospects. Bulletin of KazNU. Judicial Series 1: 12-28.
 Jonason, P. 2018. The Swedish legal framework on the right of access to official documents. In H.-J. Blankeand R. Perlingeiro (Eds.), The Right of Access to Public Information: An International Comparative Legal Survey (pp. 235-264). Springer Berlin Heidelberg. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-662-55554-5_5.
 Kapitonov, I.A. 2019. International regulation of the restriction of the use of environment. Periodicals of Engineering and Natural Sciences 7(4): 1681-1697.
 Mac Cormaic, A. 2016. Theoretical perspectives and politicization in other jurisdictions. InModes of Politicization in the Irish Civil Service: Ministers and the Politico-Administrative Relationship in Ireland, 17-59. Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-33282-6_3.
 McGee-Cooper, A., and Trammell, D. 2010. Servant leadership learning communities. In D. van Dierendonck and K. Patterson (Eds.), Servant Leadership: Developments in Theory and Research, 130-144. Palgrave Macmillan UK. DOI: 10.1057/9780230299184_11.
 Morozova, T., et al. 2020. Crypto asset assessment models in financial reporting content typologies. Entrepreneurship and Sustainability Issues 7(3): 2196-2212.
 Otynshiyeva, A.A., et al. 2019. International and legal aspects of citizenship on the basis of analysis of the legislation in Kazakhstan and Great Britain. International Journal of Public Law and Policy 6(2): 138-154. DOI: 10.1504/IJPLAP.2019.097539.
 Sendjaya, S. 2015. Servant leadership research. In Personal and Organizational Excellence through Servant Leadership: Learning to Serve, Serving to Lead, Leading to Transform, 15-38. Springer International Publishing. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-16196-9_2.
 Tatsiy, V., Gutorova, N., Pashkov, V. 2017. Legal aspects of cancer diseases prophylactics: patients rights context. Wiadomosci Lekarskie 70(6): 1108-1113.
 Tong, D. 2019. Comparative analysis of political cognition. In Introduction to Comparative Political Culture: The Theoretical Reflection on the Plurality of Democracy, 37-147. Springer Singapore. DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-1574-9_2.
 Van Wart, M., and Hondeghem, A. 2015. Introduction: understanding the role and context of senior civil servant training. In M. Van Wart, A. Hondeghem, E. Schwella and P. Suino (Eds.), Leadership and Culture: Comparative Models of Top Civil Servant Training, 1-21. Palgrave Macmillan UK. DOI: 10.1057/9781137454133_1.
 Von Kielmansegg, S.G. 2006. Legal means for eliminating corruption in the public service. In E. Riedel and R. Wolfrum (Eds.), Recent Trends in German and European Constitutional Law, 211-245. Springer Berlin Heidelberg.
 Zacher, H.F. 2013. Social policy in the Federal Republic of Germany: The Constitution of the social. In Social Policy in the Federal Republic of Germany: The Constitution of the Social, 23-424. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-22525-3_2.
 Zafirovski, M. 2011. The enlightenment, civil society, and economy. In The Enlightenment and Its Effects on Modern Society, 225-278. Springer New York. DOI: 10.1007/978-1-4419-7387-0_6.
 Zhang, J. 2014. The introduction of western legal culture. In The Tradition and Modern Transition of Chinese Law, 469-509. Springer Berlin Heidelberg. DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-23266-4_16.
The Copyright Transfer Form to ASERS Publishing (The Publisher)
This form refers to the manuscript, which an author(s) was accepted for publication and was signed by all the authors.
The undersigned Author(s) of the above-mentioned Paper here transfer any and all copyright-rights in and to The Paper to The Publisher. The Author(s) warrants that The Paper is based on their original work and that the undersigned has the power and authority to make and execute this assignment. It is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission to quote material that has been previously published in any form. The Publisher recognizes the retained rights noted below and grants to the above authors and employers for whom the work performed royalty-free permission to reuse their materials below. Authors may reuse all or portions of the above Paper in other works, excepting the publication of the paper in the same form. Authors may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above Paper for the Author's personal use or for internal company use, provided that the source and The Publisher copyright notice are mentioned, that the copies are not used in any way that implies The Publisher endorsement of a product or service of an employer, and that the copies are not offered for sale as such. Authors are permitted to grant third party requests for reprinting, republishing or other types of reuse. The Authors may make limited distribution of all or portions of the above Paper prior to publication if they inform The Publisher of the nature and extent of such limited distribution prior there to. Authors retain all proprietary rights in any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in The Paper. This agreement becomes null and void if and only if the above paper is not accepted and published by The Publisher, or is with drawn by the author(s) before acceptance by the Publisher.