Social Adaptation of Persons released from Places of Deprivation of Freedom as Prevention of Recidivism

  • Maigul Egeubaevna BALGOZHINA Karagandy Academy of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan of the name of B. Beysenov, 124 Yermekov Street, Karaganda

Abstract

The article explores the problems of social adaptation of persons, released from places of deprivation of freedom, as a multidimensional factor in preventing recidivism. The points of view of different researchers, the statistics of committing repeated offences, the relevant rules of legal regulation, the legal experience of a number of foreign countries have been studied. It has been noted that the problem of recommitting crimes is closely allied to unemployment of ex-prisoners. The problems of luck of legal basis of cooperation between the penal enforcement system and the employment service, absence of generalized information about the situation in the field of social adaptation of ex-prisoners have been also shown. In author’s opinion, the activity of local rehabilitation centers for ex-prisoners, existing in some regions of Kazakhstan, new regional projects providing different types of social assistance, must be encouraged. Summarizing the information studied, the author supports the idea of drafting a basic law on social adaptation of ex-prisoners as a main legal measure.

References

[1] Afanasyeva, O. 2013. On the question of studying social consequences of recidivism. Russian investigator, 7, 30-31.
[2] Babayan, S. 2013. Current state and prospects of promotional institutions of the penal law. Criminal-Executive system: law, economy, management, 3: 5-8.
[3] Budatarov, S. 2008. Legal regulation of resocialization of persons released from places of deprivation of freedom: problems and solutions. Vedomosti UIS (The Bulletin of the Penal System), 8: 24-26.
[4] Ezhova, O. 2009. The problem of resocialization of the convicted women. Vedomosti UIS (The Bulletin of the Penal System), 11: 10-15.
[5] Garmash, A. 2012. It is better to prevent than to cure. Prevention of recidivism among ex-prisoners. EZH-Yurist, 3, 14.
[6] Garmash, A. and Kosikhin, D. 2011. What lies ahead? On the rights of persons released from places of deprivation of freedom. EZH-Yurist, 48, 11.
[7] Garmash, A., Anosov, M. and Muraleva, L. 2012. Resocialization of ex-prisoners: the experience of foreign countries. EZH-Yurist, 32, 15.
[8] Golovko, P. 2011. Penitentiary policy, humanism and economy. Criminal-Executive System: Law, Economy, Management, 5: 29-32.
[9] In the Republic of Kazakhstan an optimal model of resocialization of ex-prisoners is being developed. (2012, November 13). Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://tv7.kz/ru/news/show/1160.
[10] Kutukov, S. 2013. Penal system as part of society: social functions and interaction problems. Criminal-Executive System: Law, Economy, Management, 1, 21.
[11] Lazareva, Yu. 2010. Modern problems of social rehabilitation of persons released from places of deprivation of freedom. Criminology Journal of Baikal State University of Economics and Law, 1: 50-53.
[12] Mikhailova, A., and Suslova, I. 2012. All to assist the released. EZH-Yurist, 12: 15.
[13] Pogodina, I., and Simagina, N. 2012. Actual problems of social adaptation of persons released from places of deprivation of freedom. Criminal-Executive System: Law, Economy, Management, 2: 9-11.
[14] Tataurov, O. 2010. Problems of social adaptation of convicted persons released from places of imprisonment. Criminal-Executive System: Law, Economy, Management, 2: 13-15.
[15] The authorities of Kazakhstan will follow Kirovograd experience of resocialization of convicts. (n.d.). Proceedings of the international round table on the problems of resocialization of ex-prisoners. Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://www.vechirka.com.ua .
[16] The Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan (with amendments as of 02.02.2011). (1995, August 30). Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=1005029.
[17] The Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 1255 ‘On approval of natural nutritional standards and material and welfare support for suspects, defendants, convicts and children in the child care centres of institutions of the penal system and of samples of the uniforms of prisoners, as well as the Rules on the provision of free travel, food or money for the route of persons, released from serving sentences in the form of arrest or imprisonment, to the place of residence or work’ (2014, November 28). Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31640035#sub_id=100.
[18] The Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 1039 ‘On measures to increase efficiency of law-enforcement activity and judicial system in the Republic of Kazakhstan’. (2010, August 17). Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://www.inform.kz/rus/article/2295346.
[19] The Kostanay region has launched the project on social adaptation of ex-prisoners. (2014, November 1). Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://patrioti.kz/novosti/item/2231.
[20] The law of the Republic of Kazakhstan No.149-II ‘About employment of the population’ (with amendments as of 29.12.2014). (2001, January 23). Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=1021547#sdoc.
[21] The Penal Execution Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 234-V (with amendments as of 06.04.2015). (2014, July 5). Retrieved May 19, 2015, from http://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31577723#sdoc.
Published
2016-12-05
How to Cite
BALGOZHINA, Maigul Egeubaevna. Social Adaptation of Persons released from Places of Deprivation of Freedom as Prevention of Recidivism. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 6, n. 2, p. 277-283, dec. 2016. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/479>. Date accessed: 21 apr. 2024.
Section
Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics

Keywords

recidivism, social adaptation, resocialization and best practices