On the Problems and Directions for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency

  • Vladimir N. ZHADAN Department of Criminal Procedure and Judicial Activities, Kazan Federal University, Elabuga Institute, Yelabuga, Russian Federation
  • Galina T. KAMALOVA Department of Theory of State and Law, Constitutional and Administrative Law South Ural State University, Chelyabinsk, Russian Federation
  • Zhanna E. SADYKANOVA Institute of Administration, Academy of Public Administration under the President of Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan
  • Assel Ye. KARIPOVA Department of National and International Law, Turan-Astana University, Nur-Sultan, Kazakhstan


Despite many years of experience in the crime prevention in the juvenile environment, today the problem of committing offences and crimes among juveniles has not been solved and is still one of the most relevant which makes it necessary to improve preventive measures for reducing the potential number of offenders among juveniles. The purpose of this article is to identify the most effective and efficient measures to prevent juvenile delinquency based on cross-country comparison and retrospective analysis. The leading approach in this research is a comparative and legal approach to the study of the problem which allows to identify the most effective measures. The main aspects of the positive experience of regulating the issue of research in retrospect, as well as the mistakes that have taken place, which should not be made in the future, are identified. The degree of regulation of the issue at the international level is characterized. A comparative analysis of the system of agencies and institutions for the crime prevention among juveniles in Russia, Kazakhstan and Ukraine, as well as the regulation of the issue in Russia and foreign countries, is conducted. Recommendations are given regarding the directions of juvenile delinquency prevention, as well as statistical data on the countries in the dynamics. The development of recommendations and the solution of this problem should be carried out not only at the theoretical but also at the practical level and this will allow to create in the future favorable conditions for the development of the younger generation, the formation of favorable behavior and active participation in art, cultural, sports and social activities.


[1] BBC. 2018. By Ali Gordon. More Than 1,000 Children Convicted of Crimes in Five Years. BBC News NI. https://www.bbc.com/news/uk-northern-ireland-45004999.
[2] Zhadan, V.N., et al. 2017. General Social and Personal-Microenviron Mental Determinants of Crimes Committed by Minors in Russian Modern Society. Man In India 97(2): 1-9.
[3] John Locke Pedagogical Heritage. 1987. Pedagogy.
[4] Yermolovich, G.P. 2004. Population and Police: Conteraction to Crime in the United States. Universitet Foundation for Support of Science and Education in the Field of Law Enforcement Activity.
[5] Zhadan, V.N. 2014. Reasons and Conditions of Crimes Committed by Minors and Young People in Russia. Humanities, Socio-Economic and Social Sciences 4: 227-232.
[6] Zhadan, V.N. 2017. Problems of Criminological Characteristics of Juvenile Delinquency in Russia. Baltic Humanitarian Journal 6(18): 179-182.
[7] Law of Kazakhstan of July 9, 2004 N 591.On Juvenile Delinquency Prevention and Prevention of Сhild Neglect and Homelessness. https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=1049318.
[8] Law of Ukraine of 24.01.1995 No. 20/95. On Agencies and Offices of Children's Services and Special Establishments for Children. http://base.spinform.ru/show_doc.fwx?rgn=18735.
[9] General Remark of April 25, 2007, No. CRC/C/GC/10. The rights of child in the administration of juvenile justice. Committee on the Rights of the Child. http://hrlibrary.umn.edu/russian/crc/Rcrcomm10.html.
[10] Klemparskyi, М.М. 2015. Particularities of Foreign Experience in counteraction to Juvenile Delinquency and the Possibility of Its Use in Ukraine. Forum Prava 4: 110-113.
[11] Kolpakov, V.K. 2005. Tort Phenomenon in the Administrative Law of Ukraine. PhD diss. in Law: 12.00.07, Кyiv.
[12] Convention on the Rights of the Child. Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 44/25 of November 20, 1989. https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/childcon.shtml.
[13] The United Nations Standard Minimum Rules on Juvenile Justice (Beijing Rules) are adopted by the Resolution 40/33 of the General Assembly of November 29, 1985. https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/beijing_rules.shtml.
[14] Montesquieu, Ch. 1995. Selected Works. Gospolizdat.
[15] Official Website of the Committee on Legal Statistics and Special Records of the General Prosecutor's Office of Kazakhstan. Access Mode: http://pravstat.prokuror.gov.kz/rus/o-kpsisu/deyatelnost-komiteta/analiticheskaya-informaciya.
[16] Resolution of the Government of the Russian Federation of November 27, 2000. N 896 On the Adoption of Approximate Regulations on the Social Rehabilitation Center for Juveniles. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_256475/.
[17] Resolution of the Russian Federation's Government of November 6, 2013. N 995 On Adoption of Approximate Regulations on the Commissions for Juvenile Affairs and Protection of Their Rights. http://base.garant.ru/70497602/.
[18] Order of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia of October 15, 2013. N 845 On Approval of the Instruction on organising the work of subdivisions for Affairs of juveniles of law enforcement agencies of the Russian Federation.
[19] A Child Has Committed a Serious Crime. Access Mode: https://impactlab.media/2019/05/16/rebenok-sovershil-prestuplenie.
[20] Delinquency and Social Change // Adopted by the Committee of Ministers on November 29, 1978 at the 296x meeting of the Representatives of Ministers. http://docs.cntd.ru/document/901992015.
[21] Recommendations CM / Rec (2010) 1 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states On Probation Rules. 20.01.2010. https://kvs.gov.ua/rekomendacia_2010.pdf.
[22] Recommendations No. R (87) 20 On the Social Response to Juvenile Delinquency. http://ukrprison.org.ua/international_documents/1203842002.
[23] Recommendations Rec (2000)20 On Impact of Early Psychosocial Intervention on Crime Prevention. https://issuu.com/uccg/docs/14_rec_on_juv_just_rus.
[24] Recommendations Rec (88) 6 on Social Response to Juvenile Offenders among Young People from Migrant Families. https://issuu.com/uccg/docs/14_rec_on_juv_just_rus.
[25] Recommendations N Rec (2003) 21 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states On Cooperation in the Field of Crime Prevention. - 24.09.2003. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/994_847.
[26] Recommendations R (87) 20 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to member states On Public Response to Juvenile Delinquency. - Sep.17, 1987. Adopted at the 410th meeting of Representatives-Deputy Ministers. https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/994_865 .
[27] Recommendations Rec (2003) 20 of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to Member States On New Approaches to Juvenile Delinquency and the Importance of Justice in Relation to Juvenile Cases. - 24.09.2003.
[28] Reutov, Ye.V., Filonov, N. 2016. Social Factors and Characteristics of Juvenile Delinquency (Regional Aspect). Problems of Law Enforcement 2: 66-72.
[29] Russia in Figures. 2018: Brief Statistical Digest. Rosstat: Moscow, 76. 2018.
[30] The United Nations Guidelines for Juvenile Delinquency Prevention // Adopted by General Assembly Resolution 45/112 on December 14, 1990. https://www.un.org/ru/documents/decl_conv/conventions/juveniles_deinquency_prevention.shtml.
[31] Federal Law of December 21, 1996. N 159-FL On Additional Guarantees for Social Support of Orphans and Children Left Without Parental Care. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_12778/.
[32] Federal Law On Bases of System of Prevention of Neglect and Offences of Minors of June 24, 1999 N 120-FL.
[33] Federal Law of July 24, 1998. N 124-FL On Basic Guarantees of the Rights of the Child in the Russian Federation. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_19558/.
[34] Federal Law of June 24, 1999. N 120-FL On Bases of System of Prevention of neglect and Offences of Minors. http://www.consultant.ru/document/cons_doc_LAW_23509/.
[35] Shulga, A.A. 2019. Socio-Legal and Legislative Bases of Social Work with a Family and Children: Child Protection Organising. Мoscow: Urait.
[36] Yuzikova, N.S. 2011. Measures of Juvenile Delinquency Prevention in the Soviet Times. Law Herald 4(21): 111-115.
[37] Zhadan, V.N. 2013. On the Criminogenic Situation in Russia and Its Significance to the Security of Citizens. World Applied Sciences Journal 25(4): 664-668.
How to Cite
ZHADAN, Vladimir N. et al. On the Problems and Directions for the Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 401-411, mar. 2019. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/4372>. Date accessed: 26 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jarle.v10.1(39).42.