Tactical Features of Use of Special Knowledge in the Investigation of Torture Committed by Members of the National Police of Ukraine

  • Ihor M. KOVAL Department of Theory and Philosophy of Law, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine
  • Mariia M. KOVAL Department of Criminal Law and Procedure, Lviv Polytechnic National University, Lviv, Ukraine
  • Anatoliy Yo. FRANTSUZ Department of State Legal Disciplines, KROK University, Kyiv, Ukraine University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw, Warsaw, Poland
  • Daria V. KOUCHERETS Department of Private Law, University of Modern Knowledge, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Viktoriia V. SHPILIAREVYCH Department of Criminal Law, Vasyl Stefanyk Precarpathian National University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Ukraine

Abstract

The article deals with the types of forensic examinations in the investigation of torture committed by officers of the National Police of Ukraine. It was stated that the effectiveness of the investigation of torture committed by members of the National Police depends on the use of the achievements of science and technology and the possibilities of forensic examinations. Based on special knowledge we can find out the mechanism of the formation of traces, tools of torture, the possibility of occurrence of a particular event, phenomenon, fact. A number of investigative actions during which assistance of a specialist or an expert is required are investigated. The list of questions concerning the appointment of a forensic medical examination for determining the severity of bodily injuries is given. It has been confirmed that forensic examinations during the investigation of torture help to identify and study traces and other evidence, determine the psychological state of the participants in the criminal process, determine the degree of bodily harm, the cause of the death of the victim, answer a variety of questions by identifying and studying the facts of the crime and those who committed it.

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Published
2019-03-31
How to Cite
KOVAL, Ihor M. et al. Tactical Features of Use of Special Knowledge in the Investigation of Torture Committed by Members of the National Police of Ukraine. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 263-273, mar. 2019. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/4355>. Date accessed: 22 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jarle.v10.1(39).27.