A Legal Inquiry into the Sustainability of the West African Gas Pipelines Project

  • Kato Gogo KINGSTON Petroleum, Energy and Natural Resources Laws, Faculty of Law, Rivers State University, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
  • Linus O. NWAUZI Department of Private and Property Law, Rivers State University, Nkpolu-Oroworukwo, Port Harcourt, Nigeria

Abstract

The history of cross border and transit oil and gas pipelines suggests a tendency to cause conflict and discrepancy which do result in the interruption of output. It is inviting to link this to poor political relations between neighbor countries. The concern with transit and cross-border pipelines has a significant legal implication. The intricacies of the legal and regulatory frameworks for the regional pipeline project together with the issues of multiple jurisdictions require well-articulated dispute settlement regime. This is necessary in view of the disorganized judicial systems throughout the West African region – disputes in the Nigerian and Ghanaian courts have the tendency to drag on for years without determination. In the face of the disparity in the legal systems of the contracting nations, this study critically examined the legal sustainability of the West African Gas Pipeline Project.

References

[1] Akoutou, A.B., et al. 2014. Understanding Regional Integration in West Africa - A Multi-Thematic and Comparative Analysis. West Africa Institute, Centre for European Integration, Bonn/Praia, Bulletin No, 17.
[2] Aldrich, D., Fights, S. 2008. Divisive Facilities and Civil Society in Japan and the West. Cornell University Press.
[3] BC Oil and Gas Commission Oil and Gas Water Use in British. Columbia. https://www.bcogc.ca/node/5837/download (retrieved 20 May 2018).
[4] Bjørnmose, J., et al. 2009. An Assessment of the Gas and Oil Pipelines in Europe. The European Parliament's Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, Brussel.
[5] Cameron, P. 2002. Competition in Energy Markets: Law and Regulation in the European Union. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
[6] Decommissioning of Pipelines in the North Sea Region 2013. https://oilandgasuk.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/OP083.pdf (retrieved 16 May 2018).
[7] Dimitroff, TJ. 2014. The Journal of World Energy Law & Business, Volume 7, Issue 4, 1 August, 287-339, https://doi.org/10.1093/jwelb/jwu024 (retrieved 30 April 2018).
[8] ECOWAS. 2018. A Proactive Mechanism For Change: Regional Strategic Plan (2011 – 2015). Ecowas Energy Bulletin.
[9] Gómez-Mera, L., and Varela, G. 2015. Does political risk deter FDI from emerging markets? https://www.miga.org/ (retrieved 20 April 2018).
[10] Griffin, P. 2002.Transnational Gas Projects and their Agreements, in Natural Gas Agreements, 69. Martyn R. David, ed., London: Sweet and Maxwell.
[11] Hopkins, P. 2007. Pipelines: Past, Present, and Future. The 5th Asian Pacific IIW International Congress Sydney, Australia 7th - 9th March 2007.
[12] Kraev, G., et al. 2017. Cryogenic Displacement and Accumulation of Biogenic Methane in Frozen Soils. Atmosphere 8(6):105.
[13] Langenkamp, D.R. 2012. Cross-Border Pipeline Arrangements - What Would a Single Regulatory Framework Look Like? by Ishrak Ahmed Siddiky - Book review. OGEL 5 Online at: www.ogel.org/article.asp?key=3332 (retrieved 30 April 2018).
[14] Leach, S. 2012. Environment, Energy, and Economy: Impacts of Natural Gas Pipelines in 9 Watersheds of North-Central Pennsylvania. Master of Environmental Studies Capstone Projects. 55 at, 23. http://repository.upenn.edu/mes_capstones/55 (retrieved 20 May 2018).
[15] MacAvoy, P. 2000. The Natural Gas Market Sixty Years of Regulation and Deregulation. London: Yale University Press.
[16] Martyn, D. 2002. Natural Gas Agreements. London: Sweet and Maxwell.
[17] McLellan, B. 1992. Transporting Oil and Gas – the Background to the Economics. Oil and Gas Finance and Accounting 7(2).
[18] Nomhwange, G.W. 2005. Transboundary Pipelines: What Is the Role of the Energy Charter Treaty Regarding Disputes Settlement? Unpublished PhD Thesis Submitted to the University of Dundee, 5.
[19] PHMSA: Stakeholder Communications – Gathering Pipelines, https://primis.phmsa.dot.gov/comm/factsheets/fsgatheringpipelines.htm (retreived 20 May 2018).
[20] Stevens, P. 2003. Cross-Border Oil and Gas Pipelines: Problems and Prospects. Joint UNDP/World Bank Energy Sector Management Assistance Programme (ESMAP).
[21] Stevens, P. 2009. Transit Troubles Pipelines as a Source of Conflict. A Chatham House Report. The Royal Institute of International Affairs, Chatham House, www.chathamhouse.org.uk (retrieved, 30 April 2018).
[22] Talus, K. 2009. Public-Private Partnerships in Energy – Termination of Public Service Concessions and Administrative Acts in Europe’. Journal of World Energy Law and Business 2 1, 43-67.
[23] Talus, K. 2016. Oil and Gas, in E. Morgera and K. Kulovesi, Research Handbook in International Law and Natural Resources (Edvard Elgars 2016).
[24] Talus, K. Heffron, RJ. 2016. The Evolution of Energy Law and Energy Jurisprudence: Insights for Energy Analysts and Researchers’. Energy Research & Social Science 19 (1-10).
[25] Vinogradov, S. 2001. Cross-Border Oil and Gas Pipelines International Legal and Regulatory Regimes. AIPN Study.
[26] Vinogradov, S., Mete, G. 2013. Cross-Border Oil and Gas Pipelines in International Law. German Yearbook of International Law 56
[27] World Energy Council (WEC), Regional Energy Integration In Africa. A Report of the World Energy Council, 2005. Available at: http://www.worldenergy.org/documents/integrationii.pdf (Retrieved 17 May 2018).
[28] Yahaya, N., et al. 2011. New Technique for Studying Soil-Corrosion of Underground Pipeline. J. Appl. Sci. 11(9), 1510-1518.
Published
2019-03-31
How to Cite
KINGSTON, Kato Gogo; NWAUZI, Linus O.. A Legal Inquiry into the Sustainability of the West African Gas Pipelines Project. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 10, n. 1, p. 238-246, mar. 2019. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/4348>. Date accessed: 26 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jarle.v10.1(39).24.