Language Situation and Language Legislation of Ukraine in the Context of Experience of the Countries with Similar Historical Background

  • Oksana I. KOBELIANSKA Department of Far East and Southeast Asia Languages and Literature, Institute of Philology Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Tamara K. KOMARNYTSKA Department of Far East and Southeast Asia Languages and Literature, Institute of Philology Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Yuliia S. KUZMENKO Department of Far East and Southeast Asia Languages and Literature, Institute of Philology Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Svitlana M. MAZUR Department of Foreign Languages, Faculty of Mathematics, Institute of Philology Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • Viktoriia O. FILONOVA Department of Far East and Southeast Asia Languages and Literature, Institute of Philology Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv, Kyiv, Ukraine

Abstract

The paper highlights the peculiarities of language legislation in Ukraine as compared to the corresponding laws of some other countries that have experienced similar language problems concerning the abuse of the national language and forcing the language of the invader. Special attention has been paid to the description of the language laws of Latvia, Lithuania and Republic of Korea as compared to the newly adopted language law of Ukraine. The text of the laws on the languages of Latvia, Lithuania, Republic of Korea and Ukraine were the material of the study. As a supporting material, the texts of the constitutions of Latvia, Ukraine, Moldova, as well as Basic Law: Israel – The Nation-State of the Jewish People, the language law of France, the European Charter for Regional Languages, were used. Many common features have been observed in language legislation of the above-mentioned countries. However, Ukraine seems to have a number of problems concerning implementation of the legislative decisions related to financial issues as well as sporadic character of legal procedures which leads to lack of real legislative mechanisms of language conflict regulation and state control of language legislation implementation.

References

[1] Gafurov, B. 1974. History of Korea (From ancient times to the present day).Nauka.
[2] Hubenko, D. 2000. Current language policy of the Baltic States.Ukrainian Language and Linguistic Experience of the World. KM Academy, 30-36.
[3] In Ukraine, the linguistic situations of Ireland, Belarus and Catalonia are combined –an American researcher. 2019. Available at: https://language-policy.info/2019/08/v-ukrajini-pojednuyutsya-movni-sytuatsiji-irlandiji-bilorusi-ta-kataloniji-amerykanskyj-doslidnyk/
[4] Klymenko, L. 2011. Legislative regulation of language policy of the countries of the world (comparative legal analysis). University Science Notes, 1(37): 40-46.
[5] Komarnytska, T. 2019. Hybridization and vulgarization of language in television genres of mass culture as a challenge to the language policy of Ukraine. Humanities science current issues, 24 (1): 114-122.
[6] Latvijas Republikas Saeima. 1995. Law on the State Language. Available at: https://www.uta.edu/cpsees/lithlang.htm
[7] Latvijas Republikas Saeima. 1998. The Constitution of the Republic of Latvia. Available at: https://likumi.lv/ta/en/id/57980-the-constitution-of-the-republic-of-latvia
[8] Latvijas Republikas Saeima. 1999. Official Language Law. Available at: https://likumi.lv/ta/en/id/14740-official-language-law
[9] Parlement français. 1994. Law 94-665 of 4 August 1994 relating to usage of the French language. Available at: http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr/affichTexte.do?cidTexte=LEGITEXT000005616341&dateTexte=vig
[10] Parlamentul Republicii Moldova. 1994. The Constitution of the Republic of Moldova. Available at: http://www.presedinte.md/eng/constitution
[11] Plakhuta, L. 2000. Goals of the language policy of the state: Ukrainian problems against the background of the experience of Latvia and Belarus.Ukrainian Language and Linguistic Experience of the World, KM Academy, 43-52.
[12] Ponomariv, O. 2011. Culture of the word: Linguistic and stylistic advice. Lybid.
[13] Skopenko, O. 2000. Language situation in Belarus and problems of norms of Belarusian literary language. Ukrainian Language and Linguistic Experience of the World, KM. Academy, 60-71.
[14] Strikha, M. 2000. Language Policy and Language Law of Ukraine. Language and Policy 9-20.
[15] The Knesset of the State of Israel. 2018. Basic Law: Israel – The Nation-State of the Jewish people. Available at: https://knesset.gov.il/laws/special/eng/BasicLawNationState.pdf
[16] The National Assembly of the Republic of Korea. 2005. Framework Act on Korean Language. Available at: http://law.go.kr/lsInfoP.do?lsiSeq=136820&chrClsCd=010203&urlMode=engLsInfoR&viewCls=engLsInfoR#0000
[17] The Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe. 1992. The European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages. Available at: https://www.coe.int/en/web/european-charter-regional-or-minority-languages/text-of-the-charter
[18] Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 1996. Constitution of Ukraine. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/254к/96-вр
[19] Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 1997. Law of Ukraine on the National Council for Television and Radio Broadcasting. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/cgi-bin/laws/main.cgi?nreg=538%2F97-%E2%F0
[20] Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine. 2019. Law of Ukraine on securing the functioning of the Ukrainian language as a state language. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2704-19
[21] Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine.1993. Law of Ukraine on television and radio broadcasting. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3759-12
[22] Zalizniak, H., and Masenko, L. 2001. Kyiv's linguistic situation: the present day and the future. KM Academy.
Published
2019-12-02
How to Cite
KOBELIANSKA, Oksana I. et al. Language Situation and Language Legislation of Ukraine in the Context of Experience of the Countries with Similar Historical Background. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 8, p. 2643-2652, dec. 2019. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/4118>. Date accessed: 25 feb. 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jarle.v9.8(38).14.