Improving the Mechanism of Countering Certain Types of Fraud in the Republic of Kazakhstan

  • Lyazzat А. TEMIRZHANOVA Collegium of Advocates of Astana, Astana, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Nurtai K. IMANGALIEV Interdepartmental Research institute, Academy of Law Enforcement Agencies under the General Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kosshy, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Almaz Zh. SYZDYKOV Department of Postgraduate Education, Academy of Law Enforcement Agencies under the General Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kosshy, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Almaz A. ESHNAZAROV Department of Postgraduate Education, Academy of Law Enforcement Agencies under the General Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kosshy, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Bakhytzhan Zh. SAGYMBEKOV Interdepartmental Research institute, Academy of Law Enforcement Agencies under the General Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Kosshy, Republic of Kazakhstan

Abstract

The urgency of the problem stated in the article is due to the fact that the widespread digitalization of the economy leads to the fact that crimes such as theft and fraud are committed using computer tools and systems. According to statistics from Kazakhstan, as a result of fraud using computer technology, damage in the amount of more than 28 billion tenge was caused, of which individuals - 24.7 billion tenge, legal entities - 1.8 billion tenge and the state - more than 1 billion tenge. In this regard, the study touched upon issues of ensuring information security and countering cyber threats. The purpose of the article is to develop effective measures to prevent the commission of fraud with the use of information technology, since theft begins from cyber attacks on information systems. In this study, methods such as comparative legal analysis and expert evaluation were used. Amendments are proposed to the criminal legislation of the Republic of Kazakhstan regarding the jurisdiction of crimes, on the addition of qualifying signs, and on the need to adopt a new Law on real estate activity in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Amendments to the criminal law will have a positive effect on the ‘unloading’ of investigators of the internal affairs bodies, since the number of ordinary crimes related to their competence significantly exceeds the number of crimes in the sphere of economic activity. The adoption of a new law on real estate activity in the Republic of Kazakhstan will avoid the facts of re-registration of apartments for criminal purposes, the commission of fraud by realtors.

References

[1] Akhmetova, N. 1990. Customary Law of the Kazakhs in the late XVIII-XIX centuries. Kent.
[2] Akhmetshin, E.M., Osadchy, E.A. 2015. New requirements to the control of the maintenance of accounting records of the company in the conditions of the economic insecurity. International Business Management 9(5): 895-902.
[3] Akhmetshin, E.M., et al. 2018. Formation of institutional arrangement of economic security improvement of Russia: Task definition. Proceedings of the 31st International Business Information Management Association Conference – Innovation Management and Education Excellence through Vision 2020: 6395-6401.
[4] Analytical Information of the 2nd Department of the Prosecutor General's Office. http://prokuror.gov.kz/eng/taxonomy/term/47.
[5] Analytical Materials KPSISU GP RK. https://qamqor.gov.kz.
[6] Analytical Materials of the 10th Department of GP. http://prokuror.gov.kz/eng/taxonomy/term/47.
[7] Analytical Materials of the General Prosecutor's Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan. https://prokuror.gov.kz
[8] Apakhayev, N., et al. 2017. Legal basis for ensuring freedom of access to information on the operation of state administration bodies in Kazakhstan. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics 8(3):722-729.
[9] Asyaeva, E.A., Chizhankova, I.V., Bondaletova, N.F., Makushkin, S.A. 2016. Methods for assessing the credit risk of leasing assets. International Journal of Economics and Financial Issues 6(S1): 96-100.
[10] Biekenov, N.A. 2014. Some problems of ensuring cyber security in the Republic of Kazakhstan. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/nekotorye-problemy-obespecheniya-kiberbezopasnosti-v-respublike-kazahstan-1.
[11] Dangerous Deal: When Not Worth Buying an Apartment. 2016.https://www.kn.kz/article/8257/
[12] Davletgalieva, A. 2005. Shifting on real estate?Building a house is profitable, buying is expensive. https://www.zakon.kz/62493-sdvinemsja-na-nedvizhimosti-stroit.html
[13] Information legal system ‘Adilet’. Plan of the nation – the path to the Kazakh dream. 2016. http://www.akorda.kz/ru/events/akorda_news/press_conferences/statya-glavy-gosudarstva-plan-nacii-put-k– kazahstanskoi-mechte.
[14] Information Prosecutors of Astana. http://astana.prokuror.gov.kz/eng/novosti/stati
[15] Isaev, M.M. 1938. Criminal law. The special part. Property crimes. Moscow: Legal publishing house of the NCU Union of the USSR.
[16] Isyumbaeva, M. 2016. Under the mask of a realtor. https://www.zakon.kz/4788613-pod-maskojj-rieltorov-m.isjumbaeva.html.
[17] Message of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 2017. http://www.akorda.kz/ru/addresses/addresses_of_president/poslanie-prezidenta-respubliki-kazahstan-nnazarbaeva-narodu-kazahstana-31-yanvarya-2017-g.
[18] Mishchenko, V.I., Naumenkova, S.V., Shapoval, O.A. 2016. Consumer loans securitization. Actual Problems of Economics 186(12): 311-321.
[19] Nikolaev, A.B., and M.V.Tumbinskaya. 2014. Cybercrime: history of development, problems of the investigation practice. http://www.computer-museum.ru/articles/materialy-mezhdunarodnoy-konferentsii-sorucom-2014/629/.
[20] Pchelyanskaya, I. 2016. 10 Signs of an Unscrupulous Realtor. https://krisha.kz/content/articles/2016/10-priznakov-nedobrosovestnogo-rieltora.
[21] Report of the 10th UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders. (2000). Tenth United Nations Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders.
[22] Schwab, K. 2016. The Fourth Revolution. http://expert.ru/2016/01/21/chetvertaya-promyishlennaya-revolyutsiya.
[23] The Charter of the HKSAR. http://uark.biz/ru/ustavoarkrus.php
[24] The Concept of ‘Cybershield’, approved by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated June 30, No. 30. 2017. https://tengrinews.kz/zakon/pravitelstvo_respubliki_kazahstan_premer_ministr_rk/hozyaystvennaya_deyatelnost/id-P1700000407/.
Published
2018-09-30
How to Cite
TEMIRZHANOVA, Lyazzat А. et al. Improving the Mechanism of Countering Certain Types of Fraud in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 5, p. 1776-1788, sep. 2018. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/3403>. Date accessed: 05 dec. 2022. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jarle.v9.5(35).33.