Approaches to Improving the Effectiveness of Forensic Tactical Operations Implemented During Pre-Trial Investigation of Man-Made Accidents in The Republic of Kazakhstan
The article substantiates the relevance of effective methods to improve tactical operations for investigation of industrial disasters, taking into account the ever increasing harmful impact of man-made accidents and aggravated consequences of their impact on national security in the Republic of Kazakhstan (RK). The research is aimed at the development of a set of practical measures to improve the effectiveness of forensic pre-trial investigation of man-made accidents. By means of logical semantics method, the essence of the concept of emergency man-made situations has been clarified. A differentiated approach to understanding the legal nature of emergency situations of anthropogenic nature has been substantiated. Features of pre-trial investigation of man-made accidents as destructive factors of their legal classification have been revealed and substantiated. Approaches to amending the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan on initiation of pre-trial investigation into a criminal case and a pre-trial investigation with the aim to establish the true causes of man-made incidents have been substantiated. An algorithm for modifying the Mindmap method in the practice of forensic tactical operations during the investigation of man-made accidents has been argued and presented. A structural and logical model has been developed to improve the criminal pre-trial investigation of man-made accidents in Kazakhstan.
 Bjørnskov, Cristian, and Voigt, Stefan. 2018. Why do governments call a state of emergency? On the determinants of using emergency constitutions. European Journal of Political Economy, DOI: 10.1016/J.EJPOLECO.2018.01.002
 Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Administrative Offenses. 2014. https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31577399#pos=0;0
 Crime Index for Country. 2018. Numbeo. https://www.numbeo.com/crime/rankings_by_country.jsp?title=2018
 Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 2014. https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31575252#pos=0;0andsdoc_params=text%3D%25D1%2585%25D0%25B0%25D0%25BB%25D0%25B0%25D1%2582%25D0%25BD%25D0%25BE%25D1%2581%25D1%2582%25D1%258C%26mode%3Dindoc%26topic_id%3D31575252%26spos%3D1%26tSynonym%3D0%26tShort%3D1%26tSuffix%3D1andsdoc_pos=1
 Criminal Procedure Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan. 2014. https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=31575852#pos=0;0andsdoc_params=text%3D%25D1%2581%25D1%2583%25D0%25B4%25D0%25B5%25D0%25B1%25D0%25BD%25D0%25BE%25D0%25B5%2520%25D1%2580%25D0%25B0%25D0%25B7%25D0%25B1%25D0%25B8%25D1%2580%25D0%25B0%25D1%2582%25D0%25B5%25D0%25BB%25D1%258C%25D1%2581%25D1%2582%25D0%25B2%25D0%25BE%26mode%3Dindoc%26topic_id%3D31575852%26spos%3D1%26tSynonym%3D0%26tShort%3D1%26tSuffix%3D1andsdoc_pos=18
 Esteves, Ana Maria, Factor, Gabriela, Vanclay, Frank, Götzmann, Nora, and Moreira, Sergio. 2017. Adapting social impact assessment to address a project's human rights impacts and risks. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 67, 73-87. DOI: 10.1016/j.eiar.2017.07.001
 Fennelly, Lawrence, and Perry, Marianna. 2017. Crime and Crime Prevention Techniques. In Physical Security: 150 Things You Should Know, pp. 97-113
 Frolov, Alexey I. 2014. Emergencies: civil-law aspect. Strategy of Civil Protection: Problems and Research, 4, 1 (6), 4-15. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/v/chrezvychaynye-situatsii-grazhdansko-pravovoy-aspekt
 Gupta, Jatinder N.D., Kalaimannan, Ezhil, and Yoo, Seong-Moo. 2016. A heuristic for maximizing investigation effectiveness of digital forensic cases involving multiple investigators. Computers and Operations Research, 69, 1-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.cor.2015.11.003
 Kemali, Maigul S. 2014. The new Criminal Procedure Code of Kazakhstan will considerably increase the effectiveness of the investigation and the protection of human rights. Bulletin of the St. Petersburg University of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia, 1 (61), 73-77. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/v/novyy-upk-kazahstana-suschestvenno-povysit-effektivnost-predvaritelnogo-rassledovaniya-i-zaschity-prav-cheloveka
 Kotkin, Petr N. 2016. Technogenic security as an object of legal and forensic research. Moscow: Prospect LLC.
 Kulba, Vladimir, Bakhtadze, Natalia, Zaikin, Oleg, Shelkov, Alexei, and Chernov, Igor. 2017. Scenario analysis of management processes in the prevention and the elimination of consequences of man-made disasters. Procedia Computer Science, 112, 2066-2075. DOI: 10.1016/j.procs.2017.08.247
 Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 188-V ‘On Civil Protection’. 2014 https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31534450.
 Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 527-IV. ‘On National Security of the RK.’ 2012 https://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31106860
 Mason, Marianne. 2016. The ‘preparatory’ and ‘argumentation’ stages of police interrogation: A linguistic analysis of a criminal investigation. Language and Communication, 48, 79-87. DOI: 10.1016/j.langcom.2016.03.001
 Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Emergency Committee. (2018). http://emer.gov.kz/ru/
 National Security Strategy of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 2017. Official website of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan. http://www.akorda.kz/ru/official_documents/strategies_and_programs
 Nuţă, Ionel, Orban, Octavian, and Grigore, Lucian. 2015. Development and Improvement of Technology in Emergency Response. Procedia Economics and Finance, 32, 603-609. DOI: 10.1016/S2212-5671(15)01438-0
 Order of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan No. 46. 2015 ‘On Approval of Rules for investigation of accidents, incidents, disasters leading to emergency situations’. http://online.zakon.kz/Document/?doc_id=31675474#pos=0;0
 Order of the Minister of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan No 52. 2015. ‘On the approval of the Action Plan of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan for the Elimination of Emergencies of Natural and Technogenic Character of Global and Regional Scale’. https://online.zakon.kz/document/?doc_id=37368509#pos=1;-61
 Raimbekov, Kendebai Zh. and Kusainov, Arman B. 2017. Risk assessment in the field of emergency situations. Kokshetau: Kokshetau Technical Institute of the Ministry of Emergency Situations of the Republic of Kazakhstan Press. https://kti-tjm.kz/public/uploads/OBNOVLENIE_SAITA_2015/BIBLIOTEKA/RMEB/otsenka_riska_v_chs_zadachi.PDF
 Samusenko, Lydia A. (2017). Emergency Situations of Natural and Technogenic Character: Problems of Legal Definitions. Sofia: Law and Economics, 1, 72-77. http://elib.bsu.by/bitstream/123456789/166933/1/72-77.pdf
 Sharon, Ori, Fishman, Sydney, Ruhl, J.B., Olander, Lydia, and Roady, Stephen. 2018. Ecosystem services and judge-made law: A review of legal cases in common law countries. Ecosystem Services, 32, A, 9-21. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2018.05.010
 Sokol, Valery Yu. (2017). Crisis of domestic criminalistics: a monograph. Krasnodar. https://s.siteapi.org/a14c49accd5abbe.ru/docs/b1dce8bb90f4fea369c0812ef2beefb88b0f5f80.pdf
 Sommer, Morten, Njå, Ove, and Lussand, Kjetil. 2017. Police officers' learning in relation to emergency management: A case study. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 21, 70-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijdrr.2016.11.003
 Strategy ‘Kazakhstan-2050’, 2012. Development Strategy of Kazakhstan until 2050. Official website of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan http://www.akorda.kz/ru/official_documents/strategies_and_programs
 Witanto, Joseph Nathanael, Lim, Hyotaek, and Atiquzzaman, Mohammed. 2018. Smart government framework with geo-crowdsourcing and social media analysis. Future Generation Computer Systems, 89, 1-9. DOI: 10.1016/j.future.2018.06.019
 You, Chengjing. 2016. An examination of the theory of crimes in common partly establishment standard of joint crime under the factual crime system. International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 45, 152-170. DOI: 10.1016/j.ijlcj.2015.12.004
The Copyright Transfer Form to ASERS Publishing (The Publisher)
This form refers to the manuscript, which an author(s) was accepted for publication and was signed by all the authors.
The undersigned Author(s) of the above-mentioned Paper here transfer any and all copyright-rights in and to The Paper to The Publisher. The Author(s) warrants that The Paper is based on their original work and that the undersigned has the power and authority to make and execute this assignment. It is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission to quote material that has been previously published in any form. The Publisher recognizes the retained rights noted below and grants to the above authors and employers for whom the work performed royalty-free permission to reuse their materials below. Authors may reuse all or portions of the above Paper in other works, excepting the publication of the paper in the same form. Authors may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above Paper for the Author's personal use or for internal company use, provided that the source and The Publisher copyright notice are mentioned, that the copies are not used in any way that implies The Publisher endorsement of a product or service of an employer, and that the copies are not offered for sale as such. Authors are permitted to grant third party requests for reprinting, republishing or other types of reuse. The Authors may make limited distribution of all or portions of the above Paper prior to publication if they inform The Publisher of the nature and extent of such limited distribution prior there to. Authors retain all proprietary rights in any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in The Paper. This agreement becomes null and void if and only if the above paper is not accepted and published by The Publisher, or is with drawn by the author(s) before acceptance by the Publisher.