Extortion Committed by a Group of Persons by Previous Concert: Features and Peculiarities of Qualification

  • Serik M. KENENBAYEV Institute of Philosophy and Law of the National Academy of Science of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Chui, Kyrgyz Republic
  • Leila Ch. SYDYKOVA Institute of Philosophy and Law of the National Academy of Science of the Kyrgyz Republic, Bishkek, Chui, Kyrgyz Republic

Abstract

In the article, the authors consider such a qualifying sign as extortion of someone else's property, committed by a group of persons by previous concert. Extortion has become a common crime among all offenses in the context of the country's economic reforms, impoverishment of a part of the population against the global economic crisis, which predetermined the need for deep scientific analysis of extortion, its criminal-legal characteristics, consideration of controversial issues of qualification of this crime. The signs of the joint commission of this crime are considered. In the course of the study, it was concluded that, for the qualification of extortion on the grounds of committing it by previous concert by a group of persons, there might be cases of cooperation and other activities related to the distribution of roles of persons involved in committing a crime. In the process of studying the opinions of leading scientists in the field of criminal law and criminology, the authors highlighted the main directions of scientific research on the problem. Taking as a basis the study of theoretical and methodological issues and criminal legislation of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Republic of Kazakhstan, and based on the results of scientific research of domestic and foreign scholars-jurists, the authors fully considered the issue of the commission of extortion on qualifying signs, namely by a group of persons by previous concert. In addition, as a result of the study, the authors come to the conclusion about the urgency and necessity of further development of theoretical aspects of extortion. According to the authors, the scientific development of the theoretical aspects of the problem will further improve the criminal legislation and develop an effective system of measures aimed at preventing this type of crime.

References

[1] Abdymomunov, B.K., Turusbekov, R.U. 2003. Ugolovno-pravovye i kriminologicheskie problemy borby s vymogatelstvom [Criminal-Legal and Criminological Problems of Combating Extortion]. Bishkek: Prosveshcheniye; 235.
[2] Alauov, E.O. 1997. Problemy pravovoi borby s vymogatelstvom [Problems of Legal Struggle against Extortion]. Almaty: Jeti jargı: 231.
[3] Bimoldanov, E.M. 2010. Ugolovnoe pravo Respubliki Kazakhstan. Obshchaya chast: uchebnoe posobie (praktikum) [Criminal Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan. General Part: Training Manual (Case Study)]. Almaty: Academy of Economics and Law: 419.
[4] Borchashvili, I.Sh. 2015. Kommentarii k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Respubliki Kazakhstan. Osobennaya chast [Commentary to the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Special Part] (Vol. 2). Almaty: RGP na PKHV RTSPI MYURK: 1120.
[5] Byulleten Verkhovnogo Suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Bulletin of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation]. 1998. 1, 267.
[6] Dzhayanbaev, K.I. 2005. Ugolovno-pravovye i kriminologicheskie problemy borby s tyazhkimi nasilstvennymi prestupleniyami v Kyrgyzskoi Respublike [Criminal-Legal and Criminological Problems of Combating Serious Violent Crimes in the Kyrgyz Republic]. Bishkek: 197.
[7] Galiakbarov, R.R. 1980. Kvalifikatsiya gruppovykh prestuplenii [Qualification of Group Crimes]. Moscow: Legal literature: 135.
[8] Gauhman, L.D., Maksimov, S.V. 1999. Ugolovnoe pravo. Osobennaya chast [Criminal Law. Special Part]. Moscow: Jurisprudence: 580.
[9] Konstitutsiya Respubliki Kazakhstan [Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan]. 1995. Astana.
[10] Kovalev, M.I. 1962. Souchastie v prestuplenii. Ch 2. Vidy souchastnikov i formy souchastiya v prestupnoi deyatelnosti [Complicity in the Crime. Part 2. Types of Accomplices and Forms of Complicity in Criminal Activities]. In Uchenye trudy Sverdlovskogo yuridicheskogo instituta [Scientific Works of the Sverdlovsk Law Institute] (Vol. 5: 44-49). Sverdlovsk: Ural’sk. Rabochij.
[11] Kozlov, A.P. 2001. Souchastie: traditsii i realnost [Complicity: Tradition and Reality]. St. Petersburg: Legal Center Press: 321.
[12] Krieger, G.A. 1974. Kvalifikatsiya khishchenii sotsialisticheskogo imushchestva [Qualification of Embezzlement of Socialist Property]. Moscow: Legal literature: 286.
[13] Kriminologicheskie i ugolovno-pravovye problemy nakazaniya [Criminology and Criminal Law Problems of punishment]. 1983. Alma-Ata: Science of the Kazakh SSR: 187.
[14] Kudryavtsev, V.N. 1960. Obektivnaya storona prestupleniya [Objective Element of the Crime]. Moscow: Gosyurizdat Publ: 232.
[15] Lebedev, V.M. 1999. O nekotorykh voprosakh naznacheniya sudami ugolovnogo nakazaniya [On Some Issues of Appointment of Criminal Punishment by Courts]. Byulleten Verkhovnogo Suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii, 9, 2-5.
[16] Rogov, I.I., Rakhmetov, S.M. 2012. Kommentarii k Ugolovnomu kodeksu Respubliki Kazakhstan. V dvukh knigakh [Commentary to the Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan. In Two Books] (Book 2, Articles 120-124). Almaty, Zhetí zharġy: 632.
[17] Rogov, I.I., Baltabaev, K.Zh., Korobeev, A.I. 2016. Ugolovnoe pravo Respubliki Kazakhstan: Osobennaya chast v 2 t.: Uchebnik dlya vuzov [Criminal Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan: Special Part in 2 Vols.: Book for Universities] (Vol. 1, Chapters 1-10). Almaty: Zhetí zharġy: 500.
[18] Schneider, M.A. 1958. Souchastie v prestuplenii po sovetskomu ugolovnomu pravu [Complicity in the Crime of the Soviet Criminal Law]. Moscow: Gosyurizdat: 236.
[19] Ugolovnyi kodeks Respubliki Kazakhstan [Criminal Code of the Republic of Kazakhstan]. 2014. Astana.
[20] Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1948, December 10. Adopted by the Resolution of the UN General Assembly 217 A (III).
[21] Vladimirov, V.A. 1974. Kvalifikatsiya pokhishchenii lichnogo imushchestva [Qualification of Stealing of Personal Property]. Moscow: Legal literature: 260.
Published
2018-12-22
How to Cite
KENENBAYEV, Serik M.; SYDYKOVA, Leila Ch.. Extortion Committed by a Group of Persons by Previous Concert: Features and Peculiarities of Qualification. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 3(33), p. 990-996, dec. 2018. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/2549>. Date accessed: 21 mar. 2019. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jarle.v9 3(33).24.