Specifics of the Mechanism of Civil Regulation of Investment Relations: Russia's Results
This article explores specifics of the mechanism of civil regulation of investment relations in the context of Russian private law. The authors analyze the main approaches to determining the nature and structure of the legal regulation mechanism that have been developed by legal theorists. Exploring legal categories (legal norms, legal relations and acts of exercising subjective legal rights and obligations) that underlie the general theoretical construction of the mechanism of legal regulation, this study enables a better understanding of branch features concerning civil law regulation of investment relations in modern conditions. As part of this study, the authors proposed the definitions of the concepts ‘civil remedies’, ‘mechanism of civil law (private law) regulation’, ‘investment legal relations’, which allowed justifying the mechanism of civil law (private law) regulation of investment legal relations as the unity of norms of investment law and legal acts adopted in accordance with them that regulate private autonomous provisions (transaction acts and corporate acts). At the same time, for the integrity of the study, the authors distinguish civil means from actions related to their use by parties of social relations, which means that some of its well-known elements, namely acts of exercising subjective legal rights and obligations and legal relations were ‘cut out’ from the mechanism of civil regulation of social relations. In addition, the authors carried out a detailed analysis of various groups of investment law sources (legislation, international treaties, etc.), since the legal norm is the main legal tool for regulating and guiding the behavior of investors and other participants in such legal relations.
 Baker, and McKenzie. 2017. Promoting foreign investment in Russia. In Doing business in Russia (pp. 28–43). Moscow, St. Petersburg, Russia: CIS Limited. https://www.bakermckenzie.com/-/media/files/insight/publications/doing-business-in/bk_russia_doingbusiness_2017.pdf?la=en (accessed March 17, 2018).
 Beers, D.A. 2011. Practical methods for legal investigations: concepts and protocols in civil and criminal cases. Boca Raton: CRC Press: 382.
 Bogatyrev, A.G. 2015. Actual problems of legal regulation of investment relations in the Russian Federation. Economic and Law Issues, 9, 25-28.
 Chironova, I. Comparative analysis of Anglo-American and Russian legal systems and terminology. hse.ru›data/680/391/1240/Comparative_analysis1.doc (accessed March 31, 2018).
 Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Part I No. 51-FZ of November 30, 1994. http://gss.unicreditgroup.eu/sites/default/files/markets/documents/CCRF.pdf (accessed March 13, 2018).
 Code of Good Practices of Relations between Trade Networks and Consumer Goods Suppliers of the Russian Federation. http://www.codeofconduct.ru/files/codekspractik/kdp.pdf (accessed November 22, 2014).
 Convention Establishing the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency. 1985. Seoul. http://english.dipublico.org/793/convention-establishing-the-multilateral-investment-guarantee-agency/ (accessed March 14, 2018).
 Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States. 1965. Washington. http://court-inter.us/sites/default/files/users/user8/washington_65.pdf (accessed March 15, 2018).
 Djulius, H. 2017. Energy use, trade openness, and exchange rate impact on foreign direct investment in Indonesia. International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy, 7(5), 166-170.
 Federal Law N 160-FZ ‘On Foreign Investments in the Russian Federation’ of July 9, 1999. http://www.mid.ru/investicionnoe-sotrudnicestvo/-/asset_publisher/ykggrK2nCl8c/content/id/606240 (accessed May 7, 2017).
 Feldbrugge, F.J.M. (Ed.). 2007. Russia, Europe, and the Rule of Law. Series: Law in Eastern Europe. Volume 56. https://brill.com/view/title/13429?page=3 (accessed March 31, 2018).
 Groceries Supply Code of Practice. 2009. https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/groceries-supply-code-of-practice/groceries-supply-code-of-practice (accessed March 31, 2018).
 Ifraimov, V.Yu. 2013. Internal documents of corporations as a source of legal regulation of intracorporate relations in Russia and Azerbaijan. Bulletin of the Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, 4, 229-241.
 Jelnova, C.V. 2013. Analysis of the practice of decision-making in the field of investment policy. Contemporary Economic Issues, 4. DOI:10.24194/41302. http://economic-journal.net/index.php/CEI/article/view/83/70 (accessed March 12, 2018).
 Lisitsa, V.N. 2011. Legal regulation of investment relations: theory, legislation and application practice. Novosibirsk: Novosibirsk State University: 467.
 Magomedov, R.Yu. 2013. Comparative law research: Public and private legal acts (comparative study of the USA and the RF). Law and Modern States, 5, 53-60. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/public-and-private-legal-acts-comparative-study-of-the-usa-and-the-rf (accessed March 31, 2018).
 Mayfat, A.V. 2006. Civil-legal investment constructions. Moscow: Wolters Kluwer.
 Minakova, L.V., and Anikanov, P.V. 2013. Modelling of area of possible results of the innovative investment project. Contemporary Economic Issues, 1. DOI:10.24194/11321. http://economic-journal.net/index.php/CEI/article/view/34/22 (accessed April 13, 2018).
 OECD Code of Liberalization of Capital Movements. 2003. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. https://read.oecd-ilibrary.org/finance-and-investment/oecd-code-of-liberalisation-of-capital-movements_9789264199897-en#page1 (accessed April 16, 2018).
 OECD Investment Policy Reviews: Russian Federation - Progress and Reform Challenges. 2004. Paris: Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development. http://www.oecd.org/russia/oecdinvestmentpolicyreviewsrussianfederation-progressandreformchallenges.htm (accessed April 25, 2018).
 Puginsky, B.I. 2010. Commercial law of Russia. Moscow: Zertsalo.
 Rossiyskaya Gazeta. 1993. The Constitution of the Russian Federation (adopted on the national vote on December 12, 1993). No. 237.
 Rossiyskaya Gazeta. 2007. Federal Law ‘On Self-Regulating Organizations’ No. 315-FZ of December 1, 2007. Federal Issue No. 4536 of December 6, 2007.
 Russian Civil Code. 2000. Moscow: Moscow University Press - NORMA Publishers: 768.
 Salini Costruttori S.p.A., and Italstrade S.p.A. v. ICSID Case No. ARB/00/4. https://www.italaw.com/cases/958 (accessed January 18, 2018).
 Senden, L. 2004. Soft Law in European Community Law. Portland: Hart Publishing: 533.
 Ten Cate, I.M. 2013. The costs of consistency: Precedent in investment treaty arbitration. Columbia Journal of Transnational Law, 51(2), 418-478.
 Tyrtyshny, A., and Tomas, S. 2015. Interaction of European and Russian legal consciousness. BRICS Law Journal, 2(2), 34-49. https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/interaction-of-european-and-russian-legal-consciousness (accessed March 31, 2018).
 United Nations Commission on International Trade Law. 1985. UNCITRAL Model Law on International Commercial Arbitration. http://www.uncitral.org/pdf/english/texts/arbitration/ml-arb/07-86998_Ebook.pdf (accessed April 19, 2018).
 Vdovin, I.A. 2017. Investments attraction in the transformations epoch. Moscow: National Agency for Direct Investment: 53. https://www.hse.ru/data/2017/06/15/1170372353/Вдовин%20И.А.-%20Механизмы%20и%20источники%20финансирования%20проектов.pdf (accessed May 5, 2018).
 Zykin, I.S. 2010. Investment arbitration: challenges and prospects. Arbitration Court, 6(72), 10-13.
The Copyright Transfer Form to ASERS Publishing (The Publisher)
This form refers to the manuscript, which an author(s) was accepted for publication and was signed by all the authors.
The undersigned Author(s) of the above-mentioned Paper here transfer any and all copyright-rights in and to The Paper to The Publisher. The Author(s) warrants that The Paper is based on their original work and that the undersigned has the power and authority to make and execute this assignment. It is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission to quote material that has been previously published in any form. The Publisher recognizes the retained rights noted below and grants to the above authors and employers for whom the work performed royalty-free permission to reuse their materials below. Authors may reuse all or portions of the above Paper in other works, excepting the publication of the paper in the same form. Authors may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above Paper for the Author's personal use or for internal company use, provided that the source and The Publisher copyright notice are mentioned, that the copies are not used in any way that implies The Publisher endorsement of a product or service of an employer, and that the copies are not offered for sale as such. Authors are permitted to grant third party requests for reprinting, republishing or other types of reuse. The Authors may make limited distribution of all or portions of the above Paper prior to publication if they inform The Publisher of the nature and extent of such limited distribution prior there to. Authors retain all proprietary rights in any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in The Paper. This agreement becomes null and void if and only if the above paper is not accepted and published by The Publisher, or is with drawn by the author(s) before acceptance by the Publisher.