How does Government Support Affect Primary Employment by Entrepreneurs in US States?
In this study, we examine if government support to entrepreneurs in US states affects the ‘type of entrepreneurship’ in these states. We differentiate between ‘full-time entrepreneurs’ who has their business as their primary employment and ‘part-time entrepreneurs’ who has their business as their secondary job or hobby. Our hypothesis is that more government support would help entrepreneurs so that they would not need to direct all of their time, energy, and focus on their small business. Our results show that, although there are more ‘part-time entrepreneurs’ in the states with relatively more government support for entrepreneurs, the results are statistically insignificant. Therefore, we can conclude that government support in a state generally does not alter the ‘type of entrepreneurship’ in that state.
 Block, J.H., and Landgraf, A.2016. Transition from part-time entrepreneurship to full-time entrepreneurship: the role of financial and non-financial motives. International Entrepreneurship and Management Journal, 12(1): 259-282.
 Cagetti, M., and De Nardi, M.C. 2006. Entrepreneurship, frictions, and wealth. Journal of political Economy, 114(5): 835-870.
 Folta, T.B., Delmar, F., and Wennberg, K.2010. Hybrid entrepreneurship. Management Science, 56(2): 253-269.
 Giacomin, O., Janssen, F., Guyot, J.L., and Lohest, O. 2011. Opportunity and/or necessity entrepreneurship? The impact of the socio-economic characteristics of entrepreneurs.
 Heimonen, T. 2013. Entrepreneurship in Golden Years-Creative Opportunity or Not? China-USA Business Review, 12(1).
 Kerr, W., and Nanda, R. 2009. Financing constraints and entrepreneurship. No. w15498. National Bureau of Economic Research.
 Kourilsky, M.L., and Walstad, W.B. 2002. The early environment and schooling experiences of high-technology entrepreneurs: Insights for entrepreneurship education. International Journal of Entrepreneurship Education, 1(1): 1-20.
 Okpara, F.O. 2007. The value of creativity and innovation in entrepreneurship. Journal of Asia Entrepreneurship and Sustainability, 3(2): 1.
 Rangarajan, R., and Lakshmi, R. 2013. Creativity and Innovation in Entrepreneurship-A Brief Assessment. Sumedha Journal of Management, 2(4): 55.
 Rantamaki-Lahtinen, L., and Vihinen, H. 2004. The role of equine industries in Finnish rural development–rural entrepreneurship and policy perspectives. Nordic Association of Agricultural Scientists: Horse Management-Premises and Landscape (Seminar 367).
 Shah, S.K., and Tripsas, M. 2007. The accidental entrepreneur: The emergent and collective process of user entrepreneurship. Strategic Entrepreneurship Journal, 1(12): 123-140.
 Tambunan, T.. 2009. Women entrepreneurship in Asian developing countries: Their development and main constraints. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics, 1(2): 027-040.
 Van der Merwe, S.P., and Lebakeng, M. 2010. An empirical investigation of women entrepreneurship in Lesotho. African International Business and Management Conference, Nairobi, Kenya.
 Warnick, B.J. 2016. Passion for product, process, or both? Expanding our conception of passion in entrepreneurship. Diss. Indiana University.
 Williams, C.C. 2007. The nature of entrepreneurship in the informal sector: evidence from England. Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 12(02): 239-254.
 Williams, C.C., and Nadin, S.J. 2012. Tackling entrepreneurship in the informal economy: evaluating the policy options. Journal of Entrepreneurship and Public Policy, 1(2): 111-124.
 Williams, C.C., and Round, J. 2007. Entrepreneurship and the informal economy: a study of Ukraine's hidden enterprise culture. Journal of developmental entrepreneurship, 12(01): 119-136.
The Copyright Transfer Form to ASERS Publishing (The Publisher)
This form refers to the manuscript, which an author(s) was accepted for publication and was signed by all the authors.
The undersigned Author(s) of the above-mentioned Paper here transfer any and all copyright-rights in and to The Paper to The Publisher. The Author(s) warrants that The Paper is based on their original work and that the undersigned has the power and authority to make and execute this assignment. It is the author's responsibility to obtain written permission to quote material that has been previously published in any form. The Publisher recognizes the retained rights noted below and grants to the above authors and employers for whom the work performed royalty-free permission to reuse their materials below. Authors may reuse all or portions of the above Paper in other works, excepting the publication of the paper in the same form. Authors may reproduce or authorize others to reproduce the above Paper for the Author's personal use or for internal company use, provided that the source and The Publisher copyright notice are mentioned, that the copies are not used in any way that implies The Publisher endorsement of a product or service of an employer, and that the copies are not offered for sale as such. Authors are permitted to grant third party requests for reprinting, republishing or other types of reuse. The Authors may make limited distribution of all or portions of the above Paper prior to publication if they inform The Publisher of the nature and extent of such limited distribution prior there to. Authors retain all proprietary rights in any process, procedure, or article of manufacture described in The Paper. This agreement becomes null and void if and only if the above paper is not accepted and published by The Publisher, or is with drawn by the author(s) before acceptance by the Publisher.