Preliminary Study of Biological Traces on the Crime Scene

  • Ainur MARATKYZY The Almaty Academy of the Ministry of Interior Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Almaty city, Republic of Kazakhstan
  • Zhanat R. DILBARKHANOVA The Almaty Academy of the Ministry of Interior Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan Almaty, Republic of Kazakhstan


The article discusses the features of detection, fixation and withdrawal of traces of biological origin for forensic and expert research. Currently, evidences of biological origin derived from various life processes of various biological objects become increasingly important for crime investigation. Biological traces have been studied and categorized by various scientists, however, with the technological progress in general and the development of the forensic technology in particular, an opportunity arises to study unconventional biological traces previously neglected by criminologists and experts, apart from the more accurate study of traditional biological traces, such as blood, semen, and saliva. Such studies provide an opportunity to more effectively study crimes, and to convict the guilty. Therefore, the issue raised in the framework of this article is very timely and relevant.

The author reveals the features of investigative actions, in particular, inspection of the crime scene, fixation, withdrawal, transportation, and storage of various traces of biological origin. It has been shown that taking these characteristics into account may provide successful investigation, while ignoring them may not only complicate the case, but also cause errors in the investigation, which, in turn, may have negative effect on court judgment, and result in conviction of an innocent person


[1] Aistov, I. A. 2000. Ispolzovanie sledov biologicheskogo proiskhozhdeniya pri rassledovanii prestuplenij [The use of traces of biological origin at investigation of crimes]: author's abstract ... candidate of juridical sciences The Saratov Legal Institute. Saratov, pp. 8 - 9.
[2] Aleksandrenko, E. V. 2010. Oshibki pri naznachenii i provedenii sudebnyh ehkspertiz pri rassledovanii serijnyh seksualnyh ubijstv [Mistakes in appointing and performing forensic examinations during investigation of serial sexual murders]. Forensic expert, 4: 36 - 39.
[3] Brewer, W.E., Goode, S.R., Lambert, S.J. and Morgan, S.L. 1998. Teaching Forensic Analytical Chemistry. Presented at the University of Maryland Division of Chemical Education of the American Chemical Society’s Online Chemical Education Conference, pp. 23.
[4] Butler, J.M., Reeder, D.J. and Ruitberg, C.M. 2001. STRBase: a short tandem repeat DNA database for the human identity testing community. Nucleic Acids Research, 29(1): 320-322.
[5] Churilov, Y. 2011. Nasilnik ili zhertva ogovora? [A rapist or a victim of slander?] ‘EZh-Lawyer’, pp. 30.
[6] Coleman, H. and Swenson, E. 1994. DNA in the Courtroom: A Trial Watcher’s Guide. Washington, USA: GeneLex Press, Seattle.
[7] Dilbarkhanova, J. R. 2007. Specialnye znaniya v rassledovanii transnacionalnyh prestuplenij. [Special knowledge in investigation of transnational crimes]. Almaty: Lawyer, pp. 75.
[8] DNA in the Courtroom. Available at: (accessed January 7, 2004).
[9] Dvorkin, A., Kasyanenko, V. and Tolpekin, K. 1997. Vozbuzhdenie ugolovnyh del ob ubijstvah, svyazannyh s otchuzhdeniem zhilya [Opening criminal homicide cases involving estrangement of residence]. ‘Legality’, 1: 27-29.
[10] Laptev, S. A. and Zubenko, E. V. 2014. Osobennosti organizacii i provedeniya rozysknyh meropriyatij pervonachalnogo ehtapa rassledovaniya dorozhno-transportnyh prestuplenij, sopryazhennyh s ostavleniem poterpevshih v opasnosti. [Peculiarities of organizing and performing investigative actions at the initial stage of investigation of road transport crimes that involve leaving victims in danger]. Transport law, 4: 15 - 19.
[11] Malykhina, N. I. 2012. Methods of finding biological characteristics of an unknown perpetrator. Russian investigator, 24: 5 - 7.
[12] Maratkyzy, A. 2016. Bases of studying traces in forensic science. Almaty, Bulletin of KazSU n.a. Al-Farabi, legal series, 2(78): 356.
[13] Moiseeva, T. F. 2003. Opportunities and prospects of human identification and diagnostics of his properties by the traces of sweat and blood. Man as the source of forensically relevant information: Materials of the All-Russian Interdepartmental Scientific-Practical Conference: In 2 parts A. M. Zinin, M. N. Shukhnina (Eds.). Saratov, pp. 106.
[14] Oblachinsky, A. 2013. Vse bylo po lyubvi, a ochnulsya v izolyatore [Everything was in love, and I woke up in the isolation ward]. ‘EZh-Lawyer’, 31: 16.
[15] Report Issued By the Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs. (November 2000). Available at: (accessed January 7, 2004).
[16] Shamanova, T. M. 2002. Mikroobyekty. Osobennosti poiska i obnaruzheniya [Micro-objects. Peculiarities of search and discovery]. Citizen and the law, 3: 23-34.
[17] Shamonova, T.N. 2007. Human traces at the crime scene, and their role in evidence. The biological aspect. Moscow: Mos. University of MIA of Russia, p. 10.
[18] Shaydullin, F. T. 2012. Uchastie specialista v proizvodstve po ugolovnym delam [Participation of an expert in criminal proceedings]. Russian investigator, 15: 16 - 17.
[19] Skorchenko, P. T. 2012. Proizvodstvo predvaritelnogo issledovaniya kriminalisticheskih obyektov na stadii provedeniya pervonachalnyh sledstvennyh dejstvij [Preliminary studying of forensic objects at the stage of initial investigation]. Russian investigator, 12: 7 - 9.
[20] Taylor, J.K. 1983. Validation of Analytical Methods. Analytical Chemistry, 55(6): 600A-604A.
[21] The Future of Forensic DNA Testing: Predictions of the Research and Development Working Group
How to Cite
MARATKYZY, Ainur; DILBARKHANOVA, Zhanat R.. Preliminary Study of Biological Traces on the Crime Scene. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 5, p. 1556-1562, feb. 2018. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 25 feb. 2024.