Analysis and Prediction of the State of Road Accidents and Traffic Crimes in the Republic of Kazakhstan

  • Kairat A. BAKISHEV Karagandy University of Economics, Karaganda, Kazakhstan
  • Aleksander V. BASHIROV Karagandy University of Economics, Karagandy, Kazakhstan
  • Alikjan K. FETKULOV Karagandy University of Economics, Karagandy, Kazakhstan

Abstract

In the article the author addresses an important problem on a global scale that modern society faces – that of ensuring road safety. Despite the decline in road traffic accidents in the country in recent years, they are still quite widespread, having a noticeable negative impact on civilized development and public safety in the world. With increasing vehicle numbers, the intensity and speed of traffic flows and owing to careless behavior of road users, accidents and catastrophes are increasingly occurring, resulting in death and injury to people. In Kazakhstan more than 2,000 people die and over 17,000 are injured in road accidents every year. Therefore, the fight against violations of traffic rules should be among the main objectives of the criminal policy of the state. The author points out that a number of targeted traffic safety programs, aimed at reducing the accident rate of transport and the severity of its consequences in the country, have not yielded tangible and stable results. The reason for this is the lack of adequate and complete understanding of the real causes and conditions of road traffic offences. To develop effective measures to ensure road safety, it is necessary to analyze the statistical data on the accident rate of motor vehicles in the past and in the present, as well as a forecast of its possible changes and trends in the future. To do this, the work investigated the statistical fluctuations in road accidents and traffic crimes between 1991 and 2016, and analyzed the data on victims of road accidents, social and transport risks. The author emphasizes that it is possible to significantly affect the level of road accidents, and significantly reduce human and material losses only by consistently bringing the institutional environment of the road to standards that are comparable to the developed countries of the world. To solve this problem, a number of specific measures have been proposed.

References

[1] Bakishev, K.A. 2008. Profilaktika avtotransportnih prestuplenii v dejatel’nosti sudov Respubliki Kazahstan [Prevention of traffic crimes in activity of the courts of the Republic of Kazakhstan]. Rossiyski sudja, 2:39-40.
[2] Cela, L. 2013. Integrating GIS and spatial analytical techniques in analysis of road traffic accidents in Serbia. International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering, 3 (1): 1 – 15. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7708/ijtte.2013.3 (1).01.
[3] Charbotel, B., Chiron, M., Martin, J.L., and Bergeret, A. 2001. Work-related road accidents in France. European Journal of Epidemiology, 17(8): 773-778.
[4] Cunningham, S.R. 2004. Criminal charges brought in cases of road death incidents in the East Midlands: Implications for law reform. Thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy at the University of Leicester.
[5] Essex, C. 1994. New Zealand cuts road accident toll. BMJ: British Medical Journal: International Edition, 308(6924): 292.
[6] Kandela, P. 1993. Road accidents in Jordan. The Lancet. 342(8868): 426.
[7] Kardara, M., and Kondakis, X. 1997. Road traffic accidents in Greece: recent trends (1981-1991). Europian Journal of Epidemiology, 13(7): 765-770.
[8] Korobeev, А.I. 2003. Transportnie prestuplenija [Transport crimes]. Saint Petersburg: Juridichesky Сentr Press. 298.
[9] Luneev, V.V. 1997. Prestupnost XX veka: mirovie, regional’nie i rossiiskie tendenzii [Crime of XX century: world, regional and Russian trends]. Moscow: Norma. 159.
[10] Soole, D.W. 2012. The relationship between drivers’ perceptions toward police speed enforcement and self-reported speeding behavior. A thesis submitted as fulfillment for the degree of Master of Applied Science (Research). Queensland University of Technology.
[11] Wu, J., and Harbird, L. 1996. A functional database system for road accident analysis. Advances in Engineering Software, 26(1): 29-43.
[12] Zanule, P.G. 2015. Road Management System and Road Safety in Uganda. Walden University Scholar works.
***Global Status Report on Road Safety 2015. Available at: www.who.Int/violence_injury_prevention/road_safety_status /2015/9789241565066_eng.pdf
***About the road accidents ended in deaths or injuries. The report of the Committee of legal statistics and special data under the General Prosecutor Office of the Republic of Kazakhstan. Available at: http://service.pravstat.Kz/portal/page/portal/POPageGroup/Services/Pravstat
***Roads Kill Map. The Menace of Traffic to Public. Available at: http://pulitzercenter.org/projects/roads-kill-traffic-safety-world-health-organization-united-nations-fatalities-pulitzer-center-reporting-interactive-map-data-visualization
***Road Safety Annual Report 2016. Available at: http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/docserver/download/7516011e.pdf
***Road safety in Russia: current state and urgent measures to improve the situation. Available at: http://archive.government.ru/media/2013/3/29/55579/file/economy.pdf.
***The Program for the Improvement of the State System for Ensuring the Safety of Transportation of Passengers and Goods, approved by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated December 30, 2000. Available at: http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P000001962.
***The Road Safety Policy of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2012-2014, approved by the Decree of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan of May 28, 2014. Available at: http://adilet.zan.kz/rus/docs/P000001962.
Published
2018-02-01
How to Cite
BAKISHEV, Kairat A.; BASHIROV, Aleksander V.; FETKULOV, Alikjan K.. Analysis and Prediction of the State of Road Accidents and Traffic Crimes in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 5, p. 1456-1466, feb. 2018. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/1693>. Date accessed: 22 may 2024.