Local Communities – The Basis of Sustainable Development of Society. Conditions of Formation

  • Lyubov NEVELICHKO Sholom-Aleichem Priamursky State University, Russian Federation
  • Irina VOROTILKINA Sholom-Aleichem Priamursky State University, Russian Federation
  • Natalia NIKOLAEVA Sholom-Aleichem Priamursky State University, Russian Federation
  • Natalya SHMURYGINA Sholom-Aleichem Priamursky State University, Russian Federation
  • Irina KOROLYOVA Sholom-Aleichem Priamursky State University, Russian Federation
  • Natalia CHUGUNOVA Sholom-Aleichem Priamursky State University, Russian Federation

Abstract

Theoretical comprehension of the essence of civic activity, determination of conditions for its formation are caused by the urgent need to identify conditions conducive to the formation of integration processes at the level of local communities. The solution of the problem of insufficient social activity of the population is one of the priorities for local governments and state authorities, since it is the trust and mutual support of the participants in the relationship ‘local authorities – population’ that determines the success of the ongoing reforms in the country. The purpose of this study is to identify the parameters that transform the population into a local community as a subject of local self-government as well as to identify the conditions that impede this process. One of the main constraints is poverty, the destructive effect of which is viewed from the standpoint of ethnocultural peculiarities of the Russian people. In the logic of the sociological approach, the local community is presented as a social construct that shapes social relations both within the community and in its interaction with the external environment. The problems of the communities, the conditions for their formation are considered from institutional standpoint that makes it possible to analyze preconditions for the stability and predictability of social processes and relationships, and also from the logic of structural and functional approaches that define social life as a systemically organized structural integrity, in which each element has a certain functional significance.

References

[1] Allport, G.W. 1937. Personality: A psychological interpretation. New York: Henry Holt and Company.
[2] Baikov, N.M., and Nevelichko, L.G. 2010. Subjective indicators of relations between the authorities and municipal community. Power and control in eastern Russia, 2: 117-125. (In Russian)
[3] Beck, U. 2000. Beyond classes and layers. In: Risk Society: Towards another Modernity (111-146). Moscow: Progress-Tradition. (In Russian)
[4] Berdyaev, N.A. 1990a. On the power of spaces over the Russian soul. In: The fate of Russia (63-68). Moscow: Soviet writer. (In Russian)
[5] Berdyaev, N.A. 1990b. The fate of Russia: experiments on the psychology of war and nationality. Moscow: Thought. (In Russian)
[6] Carey, P., and Sutton, S. 2004. Community development through participatory arts: lessons learned from a community arts and regeneration project in South Liverpool. Community Development Journal, 39(2): 123-134.
[7] Dostoyevsky, F.M. 1984. Pushkin's speech. In: Full composition of writings, vol. 26 (129-149). Leningrad. Science. (In Russian)
[8] Durkheim, E. 1975. Textes. 3. Fonctions sociales et institutions. Présentation de V. Karady. Paris: Les Editions de Minuit.
[9] Farah, M. J. 2005. Neuroethics: the practical and the philosophical. Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 9(1): 34-40.
[10] Gumilev, L.N. 1993. Ethnosphere: the history of people and the history of nature. Moscow: Ecopros. (In Russian)
[11] Ilin, I.A. 1993. On Strong Power. In: Collected Works in 10 vol. 2 vol. (127-128). Moscow: Russian Book. (In Russian)
[12] Ilin, I.A. 2007. Essence and originality of Russian culture. Moscow: Russian Book. (In Russ.)
[13] Ilyin, I.A. 2008. What is a state - a corporation or institution. In: Our tasks: Text (121-123). Moscow: AIRIS-press. (In Russian)
[14] Lapin, V.A. 2000. The nature of municipal government and local government in Russia. Personality. Culture. Conscience, 2(1): 42-52. (In Russ.)
[15] Lewis, O. 1996. LA Vida: A Puerto Rican Family in the Culture of Poverty - San Juan and New York. New York: Random.
[16] Parsons, T. 1991. The social system. London: Routledge.
[17] Philippova, A. F. (ed.) 1999. The theory of society. Collection. Moscow: «KANON-press-TS», «Kuchkovo pole». (In Russian)
[18] Pipes, R. 1974. Russia under the Old Regime. New York: Scribner's.
[19] Sack, R.D. 1986. Human territoriality. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[20] Smith, A. 1997. Theory of moral sentiments. Moscow: Respublika. (In Russian)
[21] Solzenitsyn, A. 1998. Local Self-Government. In: Russia in the Collapse (187-192). Moscow: The Russian Way. (In Russian)
[22] Tönnies, F., and Harris, J. 2001. Tönnies: Community and civil society. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
[23] Veber, M. 1994. Favorites. The image of society. Moscow: Lawyer. (In Russian)
[24] Wellman, B. 1999. Networks in the Global Village: Life in Contemporary Communities. Boulder, Colo: Westview Press.
[25] Yaroshenko, S.S. 1994. Poverty Syndrome. Sociological Journal, 2: 43-50. (In Russian)
Published
2017-12-01
How to Cite
NEVELICHKO, Lyubov et al. Local Communities – The Basis of Sustainable Development of Society. Conditions of Formation. Journal of Advanced Research in Law and Economics, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 4(26), p. 1241-1249, dec. 2017. ISSN 2068-696X. Available at: <https://journals.aserspublishing.eu/jarle/article/view/1530>. Date accessed: 20 may 2018. doi: https://doi.org/10.14505//jarle.v8.4(26).22.